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Leclerc A.,Hand and Upper Limb Center | King G.J.W.,St. Josephs Health Care London
Hand Clinics | Year: 2011

Total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) is still in its infancy if we compare it with other arthroplasties such as knee or hip. TEA designs have been evolving with experience; however, long-term outcome data remain limited. The designs of total elbow prostheses can be subdivided into 3 general categories: unlinked, linked, and convertible devices. This article focuses on unlinked and convertible prostheses. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

Ecker J.,Western Orthopaedic Clinic | Perera N.,Hand and Upper Limb Center | Ebert J.,University of Western Australia
Journal of Hand Surgery: European Volume | Year: 2015

Current techniques for endoscopic carpal tunnel release use an infraretinacular approach, inserting the endoscope deep to the flexor retinaculum. We present a supraretinacular endoscopic carpal tunnel release technique in which a dissecting endoscope is inserted superficial to the flexor retinaculum, which improves vision and the ability to dissect and manipulate the median nerve and tendons during surgery. The motor branch of the median nerve and connections between the median and ulnar nerve can be identified and dissected. Because the endoscope is inserted superficial to the flexor retinaculum, the median nerve is not compressed before division of the retinaculum and, as a result, we have observed no cases of the transient median nerve deficits that have been reported using infraretinacular endoscopic techniques.Level of evidence: IV. © The Author(s) 2014.

Mehta S.P.,McMaster University | MacDermid J.C.,McMaster University | MacDermid J.C.,Hand and Upper Limb Center
Journal of Hand Therapy | Year: 2012

The purpose of this study was to perform cross-cultural adaptation and Hindi translation of the patient-rated wrist evaluation (PRWE) and assess psychometric properties of the PRWE-Hindi. Cross-cultural adaptation and Hindi translation of the PRWE was performed using standardized guidelines. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used for assessing test-retest reliability, and Cronbach's alpha (CA) was used for assessing the internal consistency of the PRWE-Hindi. Construct validity was assessed by examining the correlations between the PRWE-Hindi and grip strength, wrist range of movements, and self-reported pain and disability. A total of 50 patients with distal radius fracture were recruited and assessed three times (baseline, two to three days later, and four to five weeks later). PRWE-Hindi demonstrated excellent test-rest reliability (ICC = 0.81) and internal consistency (CA = 0.89). Moderate to low correlations (r < 0.7) were observed between the PRWE-Hindi and other measures of pain and disability. Our results indicated that PRWE-Hindi is a reliable and valid tool and can be used in patients with wrist/hand injuries whose primary language is Hindi. © 2012 Hanley & Belfus, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Sinden K.,McMaster University | MacDermid J.C.,McMaster University | MacDermid J.C.,Hand and Upper Limb Center
Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation | Year: 2014

Purpose Employers are tasked with developing injury management and return-to-work (RTW) programs in response to occupational health and safety policies. Physical demands analyses (PDAs) are the cornerstone of injury management and RTW development. Synthesizing and contextualizing policy knowledge for use in occupational program development, including PDAs, is challenging due to multiple stakeholder involvement. Few studies have used a knowledge translation theoretical framework to facilitate policy-based interventions in occupational contexts. The primary aim of this case study was to identify how constructs of the knowledge-to-action (KTA) framework were reflected in employer stakeholder-researcher collaborations during development of a firefighter PDA. Methods Four stakeholder meetings were conducted with employee participants who had experience using PDAs in their occupational role. Directed content analysis informed analyses of meeting minutes, stakeholder views and personal reflections recorded throughout the case. Results Existing knowledge sources including local data, stakeholder experiences, policies and priorities were synthesized and tailored to develop a PDA in response to the barriers and facilitators identified by the firefighters. The flexibility of the KTA framework and synthesis of multiple knowledge sources were identified strengths. The KTA Action cycle was useful in directing the overall process but insufficient for directing the specific aspects of PDA development. Integration of specific PDA guidelines into the process provided explicit direction on best practices in tailoring the PDA and knowledge synthesis. Although the themes of the KTA framework were confirmed in our analysis, order modification of the KTA components was required. Despite a complex context with divergent perspectives successful implementation of a draft PDA was achieved. Conclusions The KTA framework facilitated knowledge synthesis and PDA development but specific standards and modifications to the KTA framework were needed to enhance process structure. Flexibility for modification and integration of PDA practice guidelines were identified as assets of the KTA framework during its application. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Purpose Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the capitellum most commonly affects adolescent pitchers and gymnasts, who present with pain and mechanical symptoms. Patients with larger lesions have poorer outcomes, possibly related to increased contact pressures on the surrounding articular surface with or without instability. The purpose of this in vitro study was to determine whether displaced OCD lesions of the capitellum lead to altered kinematics and stability of the elbow. Methods We mounted 9 fresh-frozen cadaveric arms in an upper extremity joint testing system, with cables attaching the tendons of the major muscles to motors and pneumatic actuators. An electromagnetic receiver on the ulna enabled quantification of the kinematics of the radius and ulna with respect to the humerus. We used 3-dimensional computed tomography scans and computer-assisted techniques to navigate sequential osteochondral defects ranging in size from 12.5% to 100% of the capitellum. The arms were subjected to active and passive flexion in both the vertical and valgus positions with the forearm in both pronation and supination. Results We found no significant differences in valgus angulation or ulnar rotation between any of the OCD lesions and the intact elbow during flexion, regardless of arm position or forearm rotation. Conclusions Osteochondritis dissecans lesions of the capitellum, both small and large, did not alter the ulnohumeral kinematics and stability with intact collateral ligaments. Therefore, excision of unfixable osteochondral fragments of the capitellum in the setting of intact collateral ligaments can be considered without the risk of creating instability.

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