Hampshire College is a private liberal arts college in Amherst, Massachusetts, United States. It was opened in 1970 as an experiment in alternative education, in association with four other colleges in the Pioneer Valley: Amherst College, Smith College, Mount Holyoke College and the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Together they are now known as the Five Colleges, or the Five College Area.The College is widely known for its alternative curriculum, focus on portfolios rather than distribution requirements, and reliance on narrative evaluations instead of grades and GPAs. In some fields, it is among the top undergraduate institutions in percentage of graduates who enroll in graduate school. Fifty-six percent of its alumni have at least one graduate degree and it is ranked 30th among all US colleges in the percentage of its graduates who go on to attain a doctorate degree . Wikipedia.
News Article | May 4, 2017
Having diabetes is all about maintaining a healthy blood sugar level. So, you may think it's a good thing if your blood sugar dips. However, low blood sugar can be just as worrisome as high blood sugar. "There's a happy range of blood sugar that our body likes, and having it too high or too low affects us," says Cindy Cooke, a family nurse practitioner in Huntsville, Alabama, and president of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners. Hypoglycemia, another term for low blood sugar, is when your blood sugar dips below 70 milligrams per deciliter, according to the American Diabetes Association. (If you have diabetes, you likely already use a blood glucose meter to regularly check your blood sugar.) The symptoms of hypoglycemia are shakiness, sweating, poor concentration and feeling weak or lightheaded. [See: 6 Tips to Keep Diabetics Out of the Hospital.] Just what causes hypoglycemia? One common cause is skipping meals. "In our office, we call it feeling hangry," says Lory Gonzalez, a nurse educator at the Diabetes Research Institute Foundation at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. Hangry cleverly combines the words hungry and angry, a feeling you've probably experienced when you haven't eaten in a while. Anyone, not just those with diabetes, can feel the effects of hypoglycemia. However, if you have diabetes, other causes of low blood sugar include increased physical activity or taking too much of your diabetes medication. For instance, you may experience hypoglycemia if your recommended medication dosage is too strong and it lowers your blood sugar, or you may take too much insulin and skip a meal, leading to hypoglycemia. How can you prevent low blood sugar and hypoglycemia? Don't skip meals and keep a high-sugar snack nearby (see examples below). "This will keep you from going south," Gonzalez says. If you think you're experiencing hypoglycemia, check your blood sugar. If it's below 70, you need to consume 15 grams of fast-acting sugar. This can include four ounces of juice or six ounces of regular soda (not diet). Many people traditionally think of orange juice to help hypoglycemia, but any type of fruit juice will work, Gonzalez says. You can also consume glucose tablets that are available over the counter. Each tablet typically has 4 grams of carbohydrates, so you'll want to take four tablets. Another approach to treat low blood sugar is the 30/30 rule, recommended by Dr. Joshua Miller, an endocrinologist and medical director of diabetes care for Stony Brook Medicine in Stony Brook, New York. With this, you consume 30 grams of fast-acting sugar, and then check your blood sugar every 30 minutes to make sure it's rising. Make sure to check your blood sugar regularly until it returns to a normal range. You want to keep a close watch on it to make sure you're not shooting it too high, Miller cautions. If your next meal is one to two hours away, have a snack that combines protein, fat and carbohydrates, like cheese and crackers, peanut butter and crackers or nuts and yogurt. Steer away from a carb-heavy snack, which may not be effective enough in lowering your blood sugar, Cooke says. It's important to keep snacks and quick sugar sources handy at all times. Stash extras around your house, at work or in your car. [Read: Don't Fall for These 6 Myths About Eating With Diabetes.] Although a one-time hypoglycemia experience may be nothing to worry about, talk to your doctor if it happens often. "One thing I counsel patients is that diabetes is a moving target," Miller says. Even if you do the right things to treat your diabetes, your body may require changes in medication to avoid drastic blood sugar changes. If you have diabetes, the effects of severe hypoglycemia can include seizures or fainting. In these situations, treatment may involve administering a shot of glucagon, a special hormone. Glucagon kits are available by prescription, and your health care provider can let you know if you need one. If you require a glucagon kit, the people around you most often should know how to give you an injection if you experience severe hypoglycemia, or they can call 911 for help. Sometimes a person living with diabetes can unknowingly have persistent low blood sugar levels -- a condition called hypoglycemia unawareness -- and it can be dangerous. "Having low blood sugar can mimic being drunk when you're driving," Gonzalez says. She recommends always carrying identification that says you have diabetes so people know what might be happening. And make sure to check your blood sugar before you drive a car so you know that you're not driving with a dangerous blood sugar level. Hyperglycemia means you have high blood sugar, generally defined as above 200 mg/dl. Uncontrolled hyperglycemia sometimes has no symptoms. Other times, symptoms can include increased thirst, urination and hunger as well as fatigue. If hyperglycemia persistently occurs -- meaning you have uncontrolled diabetes -- you're prone to the typical complications associated with diabetes, including blindness, circulation problems and kidney failure, Gonzalez says. If you are already diagnosed with diabetes, you know the risks associated with high blood sugar. If you think you've experienced hyperglycemia but don't yet have diabetes diagnosed, talk to your health care provider. "Diabetes is a lifelong disease process, but a lot of people tend to ignore it," Cooke says. However, the symptoms of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia can be similar, so it's always best to test your blood sugar to see what's going on. If you experience several episodes of hyperglycemia within a short period, it could be that you've had too much of the wrong food or you've taken too little medication to help control your blood sugar. It could be a sign of not getting enough physical activity. Also, having a cold or infection can raise your blood sugar. In that case, your blood sugar should return to normal once you're feeling better. "I always warn my patients in this situation and tell them not to panic about their blood sugar," Cooke says. [Read: 7 Things Not to Say to Someone With Diabetes.] If you experience hyperglycemia, try drinking water. You can also take a walk to help counteract the effects of foods that spike your blood sugar. However, if your blood sugar is above 240, check your urine for ketones, the American Diabetes Association recommends. You'll want to avoid physical activity if there are ketones in your urine because they could raise your blood sugar even higher. If you experience hyperglycemia more often than usual, you may want to work with a registered dietitian on your meal planning. Vanessa Caceres is a Health freelancer for U.S. News. She's a nationally published health, travel and food writer, and she has an undergraduate degree in journalism and psychology from Hampshire College and a graduate degree in linguistics/bilingual education from Georgetown University. Connect with her on Twitter at @FloridaCulture.
News Article | April 21, 2017
Each year, the American Institute of Architects (AIA) Committee on the Environment (COTE) reveals its 10 most sustainable buildings. Representing some of the best high-profile green architecture you're likely to see in one place, this year's selection includes solar-powered schools, super-efficient universities, and a Singaporean hospital that uses 69 percent less energy than its typical US counterpart. The 2017 COTE Top Ten Awards comprises a total of 10 projects, one of which is a previous winner that has performed just as green as expected over the years, and is hailed as the COTE Top Ten Plus winner. We've highlighted three of our favorites below, but hit the gallery to see the rest of the projects. Singapore's Ng Teng Fong General Hospital & Jurong Community Hospital is an impressively green hospital that focuses on passive design principles. Unlike some other Singaporean hospitals, it offers every patient an adjacent operable window to ensure fresh air and views. The building reduces water use with a greywater recycling system, while cross ventilation and exterior shading also helps keep the temperature down. This must work as an impressive 70 percent of the facility is naturally ventilated, representing 82 percent of inpatient beds. Its green roofs are packed with dense vegetation and the exterior walls are also covered in greenery. The building is reported to use 38 percent less energy than a typical Singaporean hospital and 69 percent less than a typical US hospital. "This project is an extraordinary model for hospitals to behave as healing environments, not seen in the United States," say AIA's judges. "In a tropical climate, 82 percent of the patient beds are primarily passively cooled and naturally ventilated. The reliance on passive strategies provides significant energy reductions and also connection to daylight and views." In 2011, Stanford University decided to explore replacing its aging and almost 100 percent fossil-fuel-based energy systems. The result was this high-tech, architecturally attractive and sustainable central energy facility designed by ZGF Architects LLP. The Stanford University Central Energy Facility runs from 65 percent renewable sources. It features a large roof-based solar power array and water storage tanks that provide 93 percent of the campus buildings' heating and hot water requirements. The new facility saves 127 million gallons of water annually, or 18 percent of the entire campus' potable water use. "This project fulfills a carbon-neutral strategy for Stanford and houses a central plant and facilities building," say AIA's judges. "The facility demonstrates a long-range climate and energy plan in action. It transforms what would be a typical unappreciated energy plant into a classroom and a moment of architectural joy." The R.W. Kern Center serves as a gateway to Hampshire College and includes classrooms, offices, a café, and gallery space. The building is completely self-sustaining: it generates its own electricity using solar panels, captures rainwater for use, and recycles its own waste. In a nice touch, the design team took advantage of the public nature of the welcome center to make electrical conduits, ductwork, and piping all visible to the public, thus highlighting some of the work that goes into making such a sustainable building. A digital dashboard is prominently displayed in the central commons and café space that shows energy usage, and information on the building's systems and performance is available to campus visitors via a website and an on-site brochure. "The R.W. Kern Center at Hampshire College is designed to meet the Living Building Challenge; it achieves net zero energy and water and was built without red list products [materials that contain chemicals designated as harmful to living creatures]," say AIA's judges. "A collaborative and integrated team approach resulted in this being one of the highest performing projects in the country, with a ripple effect across other higher education campuses in the Northeast."
News Article | May 18, 2017
BROOKLYN, N.Y., May 18, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Kenneth J. Mahon, President and Chief Executive Officer of Dime Community Bancshares, Inc. (the “Company” or “Dime”) (NASDAQ:DCOM), the parent company of Dime Community Bank (the “bank”), is pleased to announce today that Robert "Rob" Dwyer has joined the bank as Senior Vice President and Head of SBA Lending. According to Mr. Mahon, "Rob's extensive experience in SBA lending will be an invaluable asset to our clients and to the continuing expansion of our Business Banking division, led by Senior Executive Vice President Stuart Lubow. In addition, the launch of our SBA lending program continues our focus on community lending and recognizes the important role that small businesses play in creating jobs and opportunities in our local communities." Rob, who will report to Conrad Gunther, Executive Vice President - Business Banking, will be responsible for building the bank's SBA lending infrastructure, developing SBA lending products through the retail network as well as external partners, and engaging with entrepreneurs and the small business community to create opportunities for lending. Mr. Dwyer, who has over 20 years of experience in SBA lending, joins the bank from Freedom Mortgage, where he was Executive Vice President and Division President and led the effort to create an SBA lending program. Prior to Freedom Mortgage, Mr. Dwyer held various senior commercial lending positions at a number of financial institutions. Mr. Dwyer is a graduate of Temple University where he holds an MBA, and from both the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania, where he received a Bachelor of Business Administration with a concentration in Accounting, and New Hampshire College, where he received a Bachelor of Science in Management/Information Systems. The Company had $6.10 billion in consolidated assets as of March 31, 2017, and is the parent company of the bank. The bank was founded in 1864, is headquartered in Brooklyn, New York, and currently has twenty-seven branches located throughout Brooklyn, Queens, the Bronx and Nassau County, New York. More information on the Company and the bank can be found on Dime's website at www.dime.com.
Partan S.R.,Hampshire College
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology | Year: 2013
The study of multimodal communication has become an active and vibrant field. This special issue of Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology brings together new developments in this rapidly expanding area. In this final contribution to the special issue, I look to the future and discuss ten questions in need of further work, touching on issues ranging from theoretical modeling and the evolution of behavior to molecular mechanisms and the development of behavior. In particular, I emphasize that the use of multimodal communication allows animals to switch between sensory channels when one channel becomes too noisy, and suggest that a better understanding of this process may help us both to understand the evolution of multisensory signaling and to predict the success of species facing environmental changes that affect signaling channels, such as urbanization and climate change. An expanded section is included on the effects of climate change on animal communication across sensory channels, urging researchers to pursue this topic due to the rapidity with which the environment is currently transforming. © 2013 The Author(s).
Fried M.G.,Hampshire College
American Journal of Public Health | Year: 2013
Since the US Supreme Court decision legalizing abortion(Roe v Wade), there has been a constant and broad attack on all aspects of women's reproductive and parenting rights. The consequences have been devastating, especially for women whose race, age, legal, or economic status makes them targets of discrimination. At the same time, these threats have galvanized activism. There has been tremendous growth in the number of organizations and coalitions working to protect abortion rights, as well as advocating a broader reproductive rights, health, and justice agenda. This article describes the major activist trends in this period, focusing primarily on those that have been less visible. Documenting activist history allows us to draw inspiration and important lessons for the future. Copyright © 2012 by the American Public Health Association®.
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: MAJOR RESEARCH INSTRUMENTATION | Award Amount: 196.28K | Year: 2016
An award is made to Hampshire College (Amherst, MA) to acquire and install an inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer (ICP-MS). The new generation ICP-MS will make possible a wide range of research projects, particularly focused on pollution and nutrition, while training a diverse group of undergraduate students in interdisciplinary research. Some of the advances that will benefit the general public include the identification and quantification of toxic trace metal pollutants such as arsenic, antimony, cadmium, and lead in present and past environments and analysis of the tissue-level uptake and incorporation of nutritionally important elements such as zinc and iron in human teeth and hair. ICP-MS will also be used to develop novel methods to track the fate, transport, and translocation of toxic metal contaminants and metal nano particles in the environment and in biological tissues. These analytical chemical advances will facilitate better environmental monitoring methods for water and food systems that will improve public health and will support food security. The ICP-MS will allow the researchers to engage and support new and existing research partnerships across the Five College Consortium, as well as to enhance collaborations with broader regional and international academic institutions to address larger environmental health research questions of national and global interest.
This project is driven by a team of core faculty, who seek to achieve three planned undergraduate research and curricula advances: (1) incorporation of the ICP-MS, with accompanying advances in atomic spectrometry techniques [laser ablation (LA)-ICP-MS, ion chromatography (IC)-ICP-MS], as part of the proposed interdisciplinary research projects; (2) expansion of the scope of undergraduate interdisciplinary research projects based on the ability of ICP-MS to investigate possible toxic metalloid adsorption properties of clay supported nano zero valent ion particles, the fate and transport properties of engineered nano particles (ENP), tissue level distributions of toxic metals in archived tissues of teeth and hair to unravel past exposure events, elemental bioimaging of staple food grains to gain insight on nutritional benefits and health risks at tissue level, the geo-microbiology of rock varnishes; and (3) incorporation of state-of-the-art atomic spectrometry methods across the undergraduate curriculum, including within courses and independent projects. Proposed projects center on analytical atomic spectrometry, analytical method development, and validation. The developed methods will be applied in a variety of innovative interdisciplinary research projects conducted by student-faculty research teams that will advance the environmental health monitoring efforts. Major findings and data from research will be presented by students and faculty at national and international meetings and published in peer-reviewed journals. As well, the results will be disseminated to the public via local outreach efforts and popular media forums.
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: IUSE | Award Amount: 154.37K | Year: 2016
The main goal of this cognitive neuroscience project is to develop, implement, and disseminate best practices in cognitive electrophysiology education for undergraduates with the aim of increasing the quality and number of education and training opportunities for undergraduates, and increasing research outcomes that involve undergraduate co-authors. The three specific goals are: (1) Develop open-access curricula for cognitive electrophysiology that employ evidence-based practices. (2) Create an open-access database of results from 6 classic event-related potential (ERP) experiments that have been optimized in terms of best practices in experimental design and produce highly reliable results. These data will form the basis of class activities, lab training, and independent research and will include a variety of individual difference measures that can also be used for student-generated hypothesis testing. (3) Engage in ongoing improvement of the learning materials through active engagement with a 9-member faculty learning community of users and students active in this field. This nascent community will be expanded by hosting a series of yearly meetings at a major conference that will be open to all interested faculty and students and by including undergraduate research assistants in the curriculum design and research activities.
This project would address the need for curricular materials in a burgeoning field of research that combines a number of STEM disciplines (biology, chemistry, physics, psychology, and electrical engineering) in a focus on cognitive neuroscience. One cognitive neuroscience measurement technique that is particularly conducive to undergraduate learning is cognitive electrophysiology (electroencephalography/ event-related potentials; EEG/ERP). EEG/ERP studies examine changes in scalp-recorded brain electrical activity corresponding to cognitive processing in real time. EEG refers to the dynamic, ongoing electrical activity recorded during cognitive processing. ERP refers to the most commonly used method of electrophysiological research, relying on signal averaging to extract the activity reliably linked with specific sensory stimuli and/or motor responses (the electrical potentials that are related to specific events). Cognitive electrophysiology is well suited for undergraduate research because the equipment and supplies are relatively inexpensive and the opportunities for learning are high.
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: ROBUST INTELLIGENCE | Award Amount: 418.90K | Year: 2016
Computer-based problem-solving systems are revolutionizing many areas of science and engineering, with pervasive impacts on economic activity, human health, national security, and the advancement of science. Several of the most powerful and promising approaches to the development of these systems borrow ideas from biology, for example, when artificial neural networks are used to enable computer systems to learn. The processes of random variation and fitness-based selection motivated by biology have been particularly useful in several applications, but they have not yet produced the kind of radical innovations that are characteristic of living systems. In this project, key elements of genetic programming, such as the processes governing variation, will themselves be allowed to adapt, with the aim of producing more powerful problem-solving computer systems. These systems may have applications in several areas of science and engineering. The project will be conducted in the context of educational activities that integrate research and education across undergraduate and graduate levels, thereby providing training to a new generation of computational scientists.
The primary goal of the proposed project is to enhance genetic programming technologies in ways that will allow them to more routinely produce more innovative solutions to difficult problems, and to produce systems that perform well in complex environments. The central hypothesis underlying this effort is that the innovating power of biology, and the power of biology to produce robust systems, stems in part from the fact that the adaptive mechanisms of biology themselves adapt. Self-adaptive genetic programming systems, in which the algorithms for variation and selection are themselves subject to variation and selection, have been explored for decades but have only recently begun to show practical promise for solving difficult problems. The proposed project will begin with a promising system of this type and will test it systematically, in order to elucidate general principles that will then be used to develop and apply more refined, adaptive algorithms. Applications ranging from the automatic programming of exercises in a first-semester programming textbook to the development of multicellular organisms in a virtual ecosystem will be used to test and demonstrate the systems developed in this project.
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: SPECIAL PROJECTS - CCF | Award Amount: 42.00K | Year: 2013
This project is funded as part of the United States-Israel Collaboration in Computer Science (USICCS) program. Through this program, NSF and the United States - Israel Binational Science Foundation (BSF) jointly support collaborations among US-based researchers and Israel-based researchers.
This project will examine and extend computational techniques that allow computers to out-perform humans on certain classes of difficult problems, some of which have practical applications across many areas of science and engineering. The techniques to be studied, which are modeled on biological processes of evolution, have already been shown to produce human-competitive performance in areas ranging from pure mathematics to quantum system design, and from game-playing systems to software engineering and debugging. In this project the co-PIs will collaborate to characterize the application areas in which these human-competitive successes have been achieved, along with the specific techniques that were used in each case. The project will use these characterizations to guide improvements to the techniques and applications to new problems.
The initial data for the study will be taken from the winners of the of the Human Competitive Results Competition that has been held annually since 2004 at the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference. Areas of anticipated application work include software engineering, for example for automatic program synthesis and repair, where early successes and the scale of the potential applications indicate substantial promise. The long-term potential of work in this area is for computers to automatically generate useful software, for many applications of scientific or social significance, that would be prohibitively difficult or expensive for human programmers to produce. The project will be conducted with undergraduates and graduate students and will also thereby help to train future innovators in computer science.
Agency: NSF | Branch: Continuing grant | Program: | Phase: ITEST | Award Amount: 409.55K | Year: 2013
This project investigates the relationship between elementary-secondary students information technology skills, their success in an inquiry ocean science curriculum designed to target those skills, and their understanding of the new characteristics of 21st century science. It is concerned with the design of a curriculum and its impact on students of high compared with low digital literacy. It also examines student engagement with the various curriculum elements and their progress with conceptual understanding of science topics, belief and understandings about the nature of science, and growth of digital literacy skills.
The project creates new measurement techniques for understanding the relationship between technology skills that students bring with them to the classroom, the science curriculum they encounter, their understandings of the nature of science, and their digital literacy. The project intends to develop a digital skills assessment tool to capture student action in collaborating with virtual environments, using social information, and developing skills with computing.
The investigators will conduct an analysis of video and audio recordings of student interviews, classroom observations, and field-trip conversations of students. The analysis will draw associations between class-based learning and field trip-based learning. The study will measure changes in students epistemic commitment to learning science and science careers as intended by the ITEST program; that is, do the students increase their belief that they are capable of learning the science material as it is found in nature and presented in class.