Narayan S.,University of Southampton |
Nicholls R.J.,University of Southampton |
Clarke D.,University of Southampton |
Hanson S.,University of Southampton |
And 14 more authors.
Coastal Engineering | Year: 2014
Coastal floodplains are complex regions that form the interface between human, physical and natural systems. This paper describes the development, application and evaluation of a conceptual foundation for quantitative integrated floodplain risk assessments using the recently-developed SPR systems model. The SPR systems model is a conceptual model that combines the well-established Source-Pathway-Receptor (SPR) approach with the concept of system diagrams. In comparison to the conventional approach, the systems model provides spatially explicit quasi-2D descriptions of the floodplain in terms of constituent elements and possible element linkages. The quasi-2D SPR, as it will henceforth be referred to in this paper, is not the final product of this work, but is an important intermediate stage which has been pursued as part of a wider European flood risk project THESEUS (www.theseusproject.eu). Further research is currently on-going to provide full quantification of the quasi-2D SPR, and to add further refinements such that hydraulic assessments could follow on easily and rapidly from the results of these appraisals.The first part of the paper synthesises current conceptual treatment of coastal floodplains and identifies areas for improvement in describing coastal floodplains as complex systems. The synthesis demonstrates that the conceptual foundation of a 'typical' flood risk study often achieves a less comprehensive and integrated description of the floodplain than the quantitative models which it informs. From this synthesis, the quasi-2D SPR is identified as a more robust and informative conceptual foundation for an integrated risk assessment. The quasi-2D SPR has been applied to seven European coastal floodplains as part of the THESEUS project. The second part of the paper discusses in detail the application of the quasi-2D SPR to three contrasting floodplain systems - an estuary, a coastal peninsula and a mixed open coast/estuary site. The quasi-2D SPR provides a consistent approach for achieving comprehensive floodplain descriptions that are individual to each coastal floodplain. These are obtained through a robust, participatory model-building exercise, that facilitates developing a shared understanding of the system. The constructed model is a powerful tool for structuring and integrating existing knowledge across multiple disciplines. Applications of the quasi-2D SPR provide key insights into the characteristics of complex coastal floodplains - insights that will inform the quantification process. Finally, the paper briefly describes the on-going quantitative extension to the quasi-2D SPR. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-6.3-2015 | Award Amount: 16.22M | Year: 2016
Supply chain visibility supported by easy access to, and exchange and use of relevant and abundant logistics-related information is an important prerequisite for the deployment of pan-European logistics solutions that are needed to increase efficiency and productivity, and to reduce environmental impact. Although there is a proliferative development of logistics-related data stores, information channels, information management systems and data mining facilities, with both international and intermodal focus, this multitude of solutions exhibits a high degree of fragmentation, due to differences in user requirements, data models, system specification and business models. This legacy situation severely hampers the optimal use of logistics-related information. To overcome this fragmentation and lack of connectivity of ICT-based information systems for logistics decision making, AEOLIX will establish a cloud-based collaborative logistics ecosystem for configuring and managing (logistics-related) information pipelines. This digital business ecosystem will create visibility across the supply chain, enabling more sustainable and efficient transport of goods cross Europe. An essential element of the approach is to ensure that for logistics actors connecting to and using the ecosystem in undemanding and has a low level of complexity. We envision the ecosystem enabling the integration of supply-chain-related transport business processes through logistics software solutions for cloud-based connectivity and interaction, in order to support more efficient collaboration in the logistics supply chain than exists today. By enabling low-complexity and low cost connectivity of local ICT platforms and systems and thereby scalable, trusted and secure exchange of information, AEOLIX will improve the overall competitiveness of goods transport in the supply chain, while simultaneously targeting sustainability from environmental, economic and social perspectives.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: ENV.2009.3.1.6.1 | Award Amount: 8.53M | Year: 2009
Coastal areas are vital economic hubs in terms of settlement, industry, agriculture, trade and tourism to mention some key sectors. There are already many coastal problems including erosion, flood risk and long-term habitat deterioration. As economies continue to develop the asset base at risk will grow, while accelerating climate change will increase the likelihood of damaging extreme events, as well as accelerate habitat decline. Existing coastal management and defence approaches are not well tuned to these challenges as they assume a static situation. THESEUS will develop a systematic approach to delivering both a low-risk coast for human use and healthy habitats for evolving coastal zones subject to multiple change factors. The innovative combined mitigation and adaptation technologies to be considered will include ecologically-based mitigation measures (such as restoration and/or creation of habitats), hydro-morphodynamic techniques (such as wave energy converters, sediment reservoirs, multi-purpose structures, overtop resistant dikes), actions to reduce the impact on society and economy (such as promotion of risk awareness or spatial planning) and GIS-based software to support defence planning. To integrate the best of these technical measures in a strategic policy context we will develop overarching THESEUS guidelines which will considers the environmental, social and economic issues raised in any coastal area. It is in this spirit that THESEUS will advance European and international experience in applying innovative technologies to reducing coastal risks. THESEUS activities will be carried out within a multidisciplinary framework using 8 study sites across Europe, with specific attention to the most vulnerable coastal environments such as deltas, estuaries and wetlands, where many large cities and industrial areas are located.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SST.2008.2.1.6. | Award Amount: 17.05M | Year: 2009
The recent EU Commission paper on the establishment of a Primary European Rail Freight Network is the confirmation that Europe wants to develop a long term freight sustainable mobility. Infrastructure investments are costly and take long time to come to fruition. Hence force the need to adopt a realistic mid term strategy for developing the use of freight trains to bridge the gap up to when the new infrastructure investments will be completed delivering the much needed capacity. These goals can be achieved by removing over time the conflict on the same rail tracks between freight and passengers by developing corridors oriented to freight and extracting the best productivity from each available modality or from the combination of them. The TIGER project Rationale is driven by the European need of achieving a greater degree of effectiveness, efficiency and competitiveness on the Rail Freight Network. This is now perceived as being key for a more sustainable freight mobility. The reduction of road congestion, accidents, emission on the atmosphere and the negative effects on climate changes are leading to a safer and better environment for improving the quality of life of European citizens. In particular the recent breaks in trends in global trades brought about by EU enlargement and by the enormous traffic flows with the Far- East and South East Asia, handled by giant container vessels, have highlighted the impossibility of road modality of sustaining by its own the future European need of freight mobility. Port congestion has become a common feature both in the North and South of Europe to the extent that only a new distribution system to/from ports to inland destinations based on industrial intermodal shuttle trains represents the solution of this problem. The challenge in TIGER is therefore to provide a solution to EU ports and road congestion reaching inland European destinations in an industrial and effective way leading to sustainable mobility
News Article | December 5, 2016
SAN MATEO, Calif., Dec. 5, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Kii, the leading Internet of Things (IoT) Solution Enablement Platform provider, has announced collaboration with The Hamburg Port Authority in a smart port project. The Hamburg Port Authority (HPA) launched an IoT pilot project in March...
Ullerich C.,Hamburg Port Authority
Bauingenieur | Year: 2012
The Köhlbrand-Bridge is the most important connection between the port of Hamburg and the network of main roads. This essay informs about the installation and operation of a weigh- in-motion system (WIM) on the eastern part of the bridge, which is made of prestressed concrete. The necessity of installing WIM-system must be regarded in the context of the assessment of old bridges and the so-called "Nach- rechnungsrichtlinie", a guideline for recalculation the load-bearing capacity of bridges against the background of increasing traffic.
Westermann S.,Hamburg Port Authority
19th Intelligent Transport Systems World Congress, ITS 2012 | Year: 2012
The port of Hamburg's development is highly dynamic. To ensure that waterside and landside transport movements continue to flow smoothly in the future too, the port needs efficient infrastructure facilities. To cater to that need, the Hamburg Port Authority (HPA) is creating new capacities, but land resources are limited. In future, priority will lie on improving the performance of existing facilities, which is why the HPA is promoting the use of intelligent transport and innovative IT-based control systems. The aim is to increase the efficiency of existing routes, shorten waiting times and prevent tailbacks. Against this background, the HPA developed the holistic Port Road Management strategy (PRM). One important part of it is DIVA (Dynamic Information on traffic Volumes in the Area of the port), a dynamic traffic volume information system, which started operations in 2011. In the event of disruptions within the road network, variable LED-message signs are informing the drivers on what is happening on the roads. In the long term this and the management systems of other modes of transport will enable the comprehensive integrated traffic management of waterways, rail and road.
Penning-Rowsell E.C.,Middlesex University |
De Vries W.S.,Infram |
Parker D.J.,Middlesex University |
Zanuttigh B.,University of Bologna |
And 8 more authors.
Coastal Engineering | Year: 2014
The nature of coastal risk management is changing, away from an engineering-dominated approach seeking to defend against the sea, to one where risks are managed using a portfolio of measures usually incorporating an acceptance of a finite standards of protection. Inherent in the modern approach is the use of new techniques and approaches, and the process of innovation is important to their adoption across Europe. This paper is based on the hypothesis that governance issues can constrain that process of innovation or enhance it, and that the focus of these governance issues concerns institutional arrangements, legal capabilities, funding regimes and stakeholder engagement. Over a period of three years, two questionnaire surveys have been undertaken of the 'Stakeholders' and the 'Site Champions' involved in THESEUS research sites, including in-depth interviews, seeking information on these matters across the wide range of circumstances in these different geographical locations. Our tentative conclusion is that technical issues concerned with risk assessment and risk reduction choices are not central to the process of innovation with regard to the practice of risk management, but that institutional culture, traditions and capabilities are of greater significance. This resonates with the literature on governance and innovation, which stresses the importance of the social context in which governance arrangements can be improved and in which innovation flourishes. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Schmidt G.,Hamburg Port Authority |
Kling C.,Hamburg Port Authority |
Feindt F.,Hamburg Port Authority
Bautechnik | Year: 2015
Abstract The Rugenberg Lock is an important shipping connection between the eastern and western harbor parts of the Köhlbrand. With 22000 locking events p. a. approx. 24 % of all ship movements take place in this lock. It regulates the currents and reduces the traffic within the main shipping channels. The Rugenberg Damm, which runs across the lock, represents the second connection to the Container Terminal Burchardkai. The accessibility will be improved as well as the capacity of the terminal increased. The previous Rugenberg Lock was almost 100 years old and a refurbishment inefficient. The reconstruction of the lock began in 2012 and it will be completed by the end of 2015. The northern chamber is being reconstructed including all operational facilities. The bridge crossing the lock will also be newly erected. The southern chamber will be partially demolished and filled-up. The flood protection will be integrated barrier-free into the northern abutment. The usable length of the lock chamber will be 110 m, and the width 18 m. By maintaining the shipping connection the new Rugenberg Lock is indispensable in terms of traffic flow throughout the adjoining harbor areas. Copyright © 2015 Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin.
Schirmer I.,University of Hamburg |
Drews P.,Lüneburg University |
Saxe S.,Hamburg Port Authority |
Baldauf U.,Hamburg Port Authority |
Tesse J.,University of Hamburg
Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing | Year: 2016
In many industries, companies are currently testing and adopting internet of things (IoT) technology. By adopting IoT, they seek to improve efficiency or to develop and offer new services. In current projects, a variety of IoT systems is used and gets interconnected with existing or newly developed application systems. Due to the integration of IoT and the related cloud systems, existing enterprise architecture (EA) models have to be extended. By drawing on the example of the Hamburg smartPORT initiative, we analyze the consequences of IoT projects on the enterprise architecture. As a result, we present an EA metamodel extension, which includes (1) sensor, physical object, smart brick, and fog system types, (2) a smart brick management database and (3) data streams, cloud systems and service applications. Furthermore, we discuss implications regarding a to-be architecture. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016.