Hamanomachi Hospital

Fukuoka-shi, Japan

Hamanomachi Hospital

Fukuoka-shi, Japan
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Mori H.,Kyushu University | Kubo M.,Kyushu University | Yamaguchi R.,Kurume University | Nishimura R.,Kumamoto Shinto General Hospital | And 9 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2017

This study included patients with primary triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) who underwent resection without neoadjuvant chemotherapy between January 2004 and December 2014. Among the 248 TNBCs studied, programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression was detected in 103 (41.5%) tumors, and high levels of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) were present in 118 (47.6%) tumors. PDL1 expression correlated with high levels of TILs, but was not a prognostic factor. Patients with TILs-high tumors had better overall survival than those with TILslow tumors (P = 0.016). There was a strong interaction between PD-L1 expression and TILs that was associated with both recurrence-free survival (P = 0.0018) and overall survival (P = 0.015). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards model analysis showed that PD-L1-positive/TILs-low was an independent negative prognostic factor for both recurrence-free survival and overall survival. Our findings suggest that PDL1- positive/TILs-low tumors are associated with a poor prognosis in patients with TNBC, and that it is important to focus on the combination of PD-L1 expression on tumor cells and TILs present in the tumor microenvironment. These biomarkers may be useful for stratification of TNBCs and for predicting prognosis and developing novel cancer immunotherapies.

Nishimura K.,Shiga Medical Center Research Institute | Noda T.,Sunnybrook Research Institute | Noda T.,Hamanomachi Hospital | Dabdoub A.,Sunnybrook Research Institute | Dabdoub A.,University of Toronto
PLoS ONE | Year: 2017

Primary auditory neurons (PANs) connect cochlear sensory hair cells in the mammalian inner ear to cochlear nucleus neurons in the brainstem. PANs develop from neuroblasts delaminated from the proneurosensory domain of the otocyst and keep maturing until the onset of hearing after birth. There are two types of PANs: type I, which innervate the inner hair cells (IHCs), and type II, which innervate the outer hair cells (OHCs). Glial cells surrounding these neurons originate from neural crest cells and migrate to the spiral ganglion. Several transcription factors are known to regulate the development and differentiation of PANs. Here we systematically examined the spatiotemporal expression of five transcription factors: Sox2, Sox10, Gata3, Mafb, and Prox1 from early delamination at embryonic day (E) 10.5 to adult. We found that Sox2 and Sox10 were initially expressed in the proneurosensory cells in the otocyst (E10.5). By E12.75 both Sox2 and Sox10 were downregulated in the developing PANs; however, Sox2 expression transiently increased in the neurons around birth. Furthermore, both Sox2 and Sox10 continued to be expressed in spiral ganglion glial cells. We also show that Gata3 and Prox1 were first expressed in all developing neurons, followed by a decrease in expression of Gata3 and Mafb in type I PANs and Prox1 in type II PANs as they matured. Moreover, we describe two subtypes of type II neurons based on Peripherin expression. These results suggest that Sox2, Gata3 and Prox1 play a role during neurogenesis as well as maturation of the PANs. © 2017 Nishimura et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

In this prospective study, we examined the prophylactic effect of itraconazole oral solution (ITCZ-OS) against invasive fungal disease in hematologic malignancy patients. The participants were 36 patients, at least 16 years of age, with hematologic malignancies treated at our hospital. ITCZ-OS 200 mg/day was administered orally twice a day with a target trough plasma concentration of 350 ng/ml. If the patient did not achieve the target trough plasma concentration, the dose was increased. The success rate of achieving the target trough plasma concentration of ITCZ with a dose of 200 mg/day was 63.9%. During the observation period, 2 patients (5.6%) were diagnosed with possible invasive fungal disease according to the EORTC/MSG 2008 criteria. Adverse events were observed in 2 patients (5.6%). The results showed administration of ITCZ-OS while monitoring ITCZ trough plasma concentrations to be effective for preventing invasive fungal disease, and no serious adverse events occurred. Since predicting trough levels in response to ITCZ administrations is difficult, its measurement is necessary to maintain the prophylactic effect of ITCZ.

Nishimura J.-I.,Osaka University | Yamamoto M.,Osaka University | Hayashi S.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University | Ohyashiki K.,Tokyo Medical University | And 19 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: Eculizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody that targets complement protein C5 and inhibits terminal complement-mediated hemolysis associated with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH). The molecular basis for the poor response to eculizumab in a small population of Japanese patients is unclear. METHODS: We assessed the sequences of the gene encoding C5 in patients with PNH who had either a good or poor response to eculizumab. We also evaluated the functional properties of C5 as it was encoded in these patients. RESULTS: Of 345 Japanese patients with PNH who received eculizumab, 11 patients had a poor response. All 11 had a single missense C5 heterozygous mutation, c.2654G→A, which predicts the polymorphism p.Arg885His. The prevalence of this mutation among the patients with PNH (3.2%) was similar to that among healthy Japanese persons (3.5%). This polymorphism was also identified in a Han Chinese population. A patient in Argentina of Asian ancestry who had a poor response had a very similar mutation, c.2653C→T, which predicts p.Arg885Cys. Nonmutant and mutant C5 both caused hemolysis in vitro, but only nonmutant C5 bound to and was blocked by eculizumab. In vitro hemolysis due to nonmutant and mutant C5 was completely blocked with the use of N19-8, a monoclonal antibody that binds to a different site on C5 than does eculizumab. CONCLUSIONS: The functional capacity of C5 variants with mutations at Arg885, together with their failure to undergo blockade by eculizumab, account for the poor response to this agent in patients who carry these mutations. (Funded by Alexion Pharmaceuticals and the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare of Japan.) Copyright © 2014 Massachusetts Medical Society.

Furusyo N.,Kyushu University | Ogawa E.,Kyushu University | Nakamuta M.,National Hospital Organization | Kajiwara E.,Steel Memorial Yawata Hospital | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Hepatology | Year: 2013

Background & Aims This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of a triple therapy in older Japanese patients; telaprevir (TVR) was added to pegylated interferon α2b and ribavirin. Methods This prospective study enrolled 120 genotype 1b patients with chronic hepatitis C who received 12 weeks of triple therapy followed by a 12-week dual therapy that included pegylated interferon α2b and ribavirin. Patients were categorized according to age: group A, 64 patients aged >60 and group B, 56 patients aged ≤60. Serum HCV RNA levels were monitored by COBAS TaqMan HCV test. Results The rates of undetectable HCV RNA at week 4 (rapid virological response, RVR) were 73.4% in group A and 73.2% in group B. No significant difference in sustained virological response (SVR) was found between groups A (76.6%) and B (83.9%) (p = 0.314). The SVR rates for patients with interleukin 28B (IL28B) (rs8099917) TT allele (89.4% and 91.9% for groups A and B) were significantly higher than for those with the IL28B TG/GG allele (41.2% and 68.4%, respectively) (both p <0.05). Multivariate analysis extracted IL28B TT and RVR as independent factors associated with SVR. Adverse effects resulted in treatment discontinuation by 12.5% in each group. Hemoglobin decrease significantly differed between groups A and B: the decrease to ≥100 g/L, to 85 - <100 g/L, and to <85 g/L, was 9.4%, 40.6%, and 50% in group A patients, respectively, and 41.1%, 25%, and 33.9% in group B patients, respectively (p = 0.0006). Conclusions TVR-based triple therapy can be successfully used to treat older patients with genotype 1b chronic hepatitis C. © 2013 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Ogawa E.,Kyushu University | Furusyo N.,Kyushu University | Nakamuta M.,National Hospital Organization | Kajiwara E.,Steel Memorial Yawata Hospital | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Hepatology | Year: 2013

Background & Aims Anemia is a common adverse effect of telaprevir (TVR) in combination with pegylated interferon (PegIFN)α and ribavirin (RBV) therapy. It occurs at a higher incidence with the TVR relative to PegIFNα and RBV alone. We herein evaluate the baseline and on-treatment predictors of the development of severe anemia by chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients receiving TVR-based triple therapy. Methods This prospective, multicenter study consisted of 292 patients (median age: 62 years) infected with HCV genotype 1. All received 12 weeks of TVR in combination with 24 weeks of PegIFNα2b and RBV. The definition of severe anemia during antiviral treatment is hemoglobin (Hb) <85 g/L. Results 101 (34.6%) patients developed severe anemia during the treatment period. Multivariable logistic regression analysis of possible pretreatment predictors of the development of severe anemia extracted baseline Hb <135 g/L (Hazard ratio [HR], 2.53; p = 0.0013), estimated glomerular filtration rate <80 ml/min/1.73 m2 (HR, 1.83; p = 0.0265), and inosine triphosphatase (ITPA) CC genotype (rs1127354) (HR, 2.91; p = 0.0024). For patients with ITPA CC (n = 227), multivariable logistic regression analysis of possible pretreatment and on-treatment predictors of the development of severe anemia extracted Hb level at week 2 (HR, 0.96; p = 0.0085) and the initial four weeks of weight-adjusted TVR (HR, 1.05; p = 0.0281). Conclusions Anemia remains a risk for all patients treated with TVR-based triple therapy. However, ITPA polymorphism (rs1127354) is useful for predicting the development of severe anemia and will be helpful in the management of treatment. © 2013 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Ogawa E.,Kyushu University | Furusyo N.,Kyushu University | Kajiwara E.,Steel Memorial Yawata Hospital | Takahashi K.,Hamanomachi Hospital | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Hepatology | Year: 2013

Background & Aims: The effects of pegylated interferon (PegIFN) α and ribavirin (RBV) treatment of chronic hepatitis C on the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have not been well established. This study investigated the impact of treatment outcome on the development of HCC by chronic hepatitis C patients treated with PegIFNα2b and RBV. Methods: This large-scale, prospective, multicenter study consisted of 1013 Japanese chronic hepatitis C patients with no history of HCC (non-cirrhosis, n = 863 and cirrhosis, n = 150). All patients were treated with PegIFNα2b and RBV and the follow-up period started at the end of the antiviral treatment (median observation period of 3.6 years). The cumulative incidence rate of HCC was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, according to treatment outcome. Results: Forty-seven patients (4.6%) developed HCC during the observation period. In the non-cirrhosis group, the 5-year cumulative incidence rates of HCC for the sustained virological response (SVR) (1.7%) and transient virological response (3.2%) (TVR: defined as relapse or breakthrough) groups were significantly lower than those of the non-virological response (NVR) group (7.6%) (p = 0.003 and p = 0.03, respectively). A significantly low rate of incidence of HCC by TVR patients in comparison with NVR patients was found for patients aged 60 years and over, but not for those under 60 years of age. In the cirrhosis group, the 5-year cumulative incidence rates of HCC for the SVR (18.9%) and TVR groups (20.8%) were also significantly lower than those of the NVR group (39.4%) (p = 0.03 and p = 0.04, respectively). Conclusions: SVR and complete viral suppression during treatment with relapse (TVR) were associated with a lower risk of HCC development when compared with NVR.

Odate S.,Kyushu University | Nakamura K.,Kyushu University | Onishi H.,Kyushu University | Kojima M.,Red Cross | And 5 more authors.
Lung Cancer | Year: 2013

Tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB) plays an important role in tumor progression in various kinds of cancers; however, little is known about biological significance of TrkB in human lung cancer, especially large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC). We hereby investigated the expressions of TrkB and its ligand brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in clinical specimens and their influences on phenotypes of invasiveness and tumorigenicity for LCNEC. The expressions of TrkB and BDNF analyzed by immunohistochemistry for patients samples with lung cancer (n=104) were significantly higher in neuroendocrine tumor (NET) compared with non-NET. In particular, LCNEC, a subtype of NET, exhibited significantly higher TrkB and BDNF expressions than another NET type: small cell lung cancer (SCLC), and a significant correlation between TrkB and BDNF expressions was noted in LCNEC but not in SCLC. In vitro assay, exogenous BDNF addition enhanced the invasion into matrigels of LCNEC cells, whereas inhibition of TrkB or BDNF suppressed matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 activities and the invasiveness. Exogenous BDNF also increased anchor-independent colony formation on soft agar gels for LCNEC, while inhibition of TrkB or BDNF suppressed the anchorage-independency. In vivo experiments, implanted LCNEC cells pretreated with TrkB-siRNA developed no subcutaneous tumor in all six nude mice, although those with control-siRNA formed tumors in four of six nude mice. In conclusion, BDNF/TrkB signal is involved in malignant progression of invasiveness and tumorigenicity for LCNEC, and may be a potential target for LCNEC without standard therapy. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Kikushige Y.,Kyushu University | Ishikawa F.,Kyushu University | Ishikawa F.,RIKEN | Miyamoto T.,Kyushu University | And 11 more authors.
Cancer Cell | Year: 2011

We report here that in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), the propensity to generate clonal B cells has been acquired already at the hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) stage. HSCs purified from patients with CLL displayed lymphoid-lineage gene priming and produced a high number of polyclonal B cell progenitors. Strikingly, their maturation into B cells was restricted always to mono- or oligo-clones with CLL-like phenotype in xenogeneic recipients. These B cell clones were independent of the original CLL clones because they had their own immunoglobulin VDJ genes. Furthermore, they used preferentially VH genes frequently used in human CLL, presumably reflecting the role of B cell receptor signaling in clonal selection. These data suggest that HSCs can be involved in leukemogenesis even in mature lymphoid tumors. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

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