Fukuoka-shi, Japan
Fukuoka-shi, Japan

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Shima T.,Kyushu University | Kikushige Y.,Kyushu University | Mori Y.,Kyushu University | Takase K.,Harasanshin Hospital | And 8 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2013

Transient marrow expansion of normal B-cell precursors, termed hematogones, is occasionally observed after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). To understand the clinical significance of this phenomenon, we enumerated hematogones in 108 consecutive patients who received allogeneic HSCT for the treatment of hematologic malignancies, including acute myelogenous leukemia, advanced myelodysplastic syndromes, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Hematogone quantitation was performed at the time of complete donor engraftment (median day 25 and 32 in patients who received bone marrow and cord blood cell transplants, respectively). Hematogones were polyclonal B cells, and their frequencies correlated positively with blood B-cell numbers, and inversely with donors' but not recipients' age, suggesting that hematogones reflect cell-intrinsic B-cell potential of donor cells. Interestingly, patients developing hematogones that comprised > 5% of bone marrow mononuclear cells constituted a group with significantly prolonged overall survival and relapse-free survival, irrespective of their primary disease or donor cell source. In addition, patients with > 5% hematogones developed severe acute graft-versus-host diseases less frequently, which may contribute toward their improved survival. We therefore conclude that the amount of hematogones at the time of engraftment may be a useful tool in predicting the prognosis of patients treated with allogeneic HSCT. © 2013 by The American Society of Hematology.


PubMed | Hamanomachi General Hospital, University of Queensland, Kyushu University, Hokkaido University and 3 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Bone marrow transplantation | Year: 2014

Graft rejection remains a major obstacle in allogeneic hematopoietic SCT following reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC-SCT), particularly after cord blood transplantation (CBT). In a murine MHC-mismatched model of RIC-SCT, primary graft rejection was associated with activation and expansion of donor-reactive host T cells in peripheral blood and BM early after SCT. Donor-derived dendritic cells are at least partly involved in host T-cell activation. We then evaluated if such an expansion of host T cells could be associated with graft rejection after RIC-CBT. Expansion of residual host lymphocytes was observed in 4/7 patients with graft rejection at 3 weeks after CBT, but in none of the 17 patients who achieved engraftment. These results suggest the crucial role of residual host T cells after RIC-SCT in graft rejection and expansion of host T cells could be a marker of graft rejection. Development of more efficient T cell-suppressive conditioning regimens may be necessary in the context of RIC-SCT.


Nisa H.,Kyushu University | Kono S.,Kyushu University | Yin G.,Kyushu University | Toyomura K.,Kyushu University | And 13 more authors.
BMC Cancer | Year: 2010

Background: It is uncertain whether smoking is related to colorectal cancer risk. Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1, glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) are important enzymes in the metabolism of tobacco carcinogens, and functional genetic polymorphisms are known for these enzymes. We investigated the relation of cigarette smoking and related genetic polymorphisms to colorectal cancer risk, with special reference to the interaction between smoking and genetic polymorphism.Methods: We used data from the Fukuoka Colorectal Cancer Study, a population-based case-control study, including 685 cases and 778 controls who gave informed consent to genetic analysis. Interview was conducted to assess lifestyle factors, and DNA was extracted from buffy coat.Results: In comparison with lifelong nonsmokers, the odds ratios (OR) of colorectal cancer for <400, 400-799 and ≥800 cigarette-years were 0.65 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.45-0.89), 1.16 (0.83-1.62) and 1.14 (0.73-1.77), respectively. A decreased risk associated with light smoking was observed only for colon cancer, and rectal cancer showed an increased risk among those with ≥400 cigarette-years (OR 1.60, 95% CI 1.04-2.45). None of the polymorphisms under study was singly associated with colorectal cancer risk. Of the gene-gene interactions studied, the composite genotype of CYP1A1*2A or CYP1A1*2C and GSTT1 polymorphisms was associated with a decreased risk of colorectal cancer, showing a nearly statistically significant (Pinteraction= 0.06) or significant interaction (Pinteraction= 0.02). The composite genotypes of these two polymorphisms, however, showed no measurable interaction with cigarette smoking in relation to colorectal cancer risk.Conclusions: Cigarette smoking may be associated with increased risk of rectal cancer, but not of colon cancer. The observed interactions between CYP1A1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms warrant further confirmation. © 2010 Nisa et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Wang Z.-J.,Kyushu University | Ohnaka K.,Kyushu University | Morita M.,Kyushu University | Toyomura K.,Kyushu University | And 13 more authors.
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2013

AIM: To investigate the associations between dietary intake of polyphenols and colorectal cancer. METHODS: The study subjects were derived from the Fukuoka colorectal cancer study, a community-based case-control study. The study subjects were 816 cases of colorectal cancer and 815 community-based controls. The consumption of 148 food items was assessed by a computer-assisted interview. We used the consumption of 97 food items to estimate dietary intakes of total, tea and coffee polyphenols. The Phenol-Explorer database was used for 92 food items. Of the 5 foods which were not listed in the Phenol-Explorer Database, polyphenol contents of 3 foods (sweet potatoes, satoimo and daikon) were based on a Japanese study and 2 foods (soybeans and fried potatoes) were estimated by ORAC-based polyphenol contents in the United States Department of Agriculture Database. Odds ratios (OR) and 95%CI of colorectal cancer risk according to quintile categories of intake were obtained by using logistic regression models with adjustment for age, sex, residential area, parental history of colorectal cancer, smoking, alcohol consumption, body mass index 10 years before, type of job, leisure-time physical activity and dietary intakes of calcium and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. RESULTS: There was no measurable difference in total or tea polyphenol intake between cases and controls, but intake of coffee polyphenols was lower in cases than in controls. The multivariate-adjusted OR of colorectal cancer according to quintile categories of coffee polyphenols (from the frst to top quintile) were 1.00 (referent), 0.81 (95%CI: 0.60-1.10), 0.65 (95%CI: 0.47-0.89), 0.65 (95%CI: 0.46-0.89) and 0.82 (95%CI: 0.60-1.10), respectively (Ptrend = 0.07). Similar, but less pronounced, decreases in the OR were also noted for the third and fourth quintiles of total polyphenol intake. Tea polyphenols and non-coffee polyphenols showed no association with colorectal cancer risk. The site-specific analysis, based on 463 colon cancer cases and 340 rectal cancer cases, showed an inverse association between coffee polyphenols and colon cancer. The multivariate-adjusted OR of colon cancer for the first to top quintiles of coffee polyphenols were 1.00 (referent), 0.92 (95%CI: 0.64-1.31), 0.75 (95%CI: 0.52-1.08), 0.69 (95%CI: 0.47-1.01), and 0.68 (95%CI: 0.46-1.00), respectively (Ptrend = 0.02). Distal colon cancer showed a more evident inverse association with coffee poly-phenols than proximal colon cancer. The association between coffee polyphenols and rectal cancer risk was U-shaped, with significant decreases in the OR at the second to fourth quintile categories. There was also a tendency that the OR of colon and rectal cancer decreased in the intermediate categories of total polyphenols. The decrease in the OR in the intermediate categories of total polyphenols was most pronounced for distal colon cancer. Intake of tea polyphenols was not associated with either colon or rectal cancer. The associations of coffee consumption with colorectal, colon and rectal cancers were almost the same as observed for coffee polyphenols. The trend of the association between coffee consumption and colorectal cancer was statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The present findings suggest a decreased risk of colorectal cancer associated with coffee consumption. © 2013 Baishideng. All rights reserved.


Nisa H.,Kyushu University | Budhathoki S.,Kyushu University | Morita M.,Kyushu University | Toyomura K.,Kyushu University | And 15 more authors.
Molecular Carcinogenesis | Year: 2013

Microsomal epoxide hydrolase (EPHX1) plays an important role in the activation and detoxification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, carcinogens found in cigarette smoke. Polymorphisms in exon 3 (Y113H) and exon 4 (H139R) of the EPHX1 have been associated with enzyme activity. We investigated the risk of colorectal cancer in relation to the EPHX1 Y113H and H139R polymorphisms and assessed effect modifications of cigarette smoking and the other covariates. The interaction between the EPHX1 polymorphisms and selected genetic polymorphisms was also examined. We used data from Fukuoka Colorectal Cancer Study, a community-based case-control study, including 685 cases and 778 controls. In-person interviews were conducted to assess lifestyle factors. The EPHX1 Y113H and H139R polymorphisms were determined by the TaqMan assay and the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism, respectively. Neither of the two polymorphisms nor the imputed EPHX1 phenotype was associated with colorectal cancer risk. Cigarette smoking and alcohol intake showed no effect modification on the association with the EPHX1 polymorphisms or the imputed EPHX1 phenotype. Increased risks of colorectal cancer associated with the 113Y allele and imputed EPHX1 phenotype were observed among individuals with high body mass index (BMI; ≥25.0kg/m2), but not among those with low BMI (<25.0kg/m2). The risk decreased with an increasing number of the 139R allele in the null genotypes of GSTM1/GSTT1. It is unlikely that the EPHX1 polymorphisms play an important role in colorectal carcinogenesis. The observed interactions of the EPHX1 polymorphisms with BMI and the GSTM1/GSTT1 genotypes warrant further investigation. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Kato M.,Kyushu University | Onishi H.,Kyushu University | Matsumoto K.,Kyushu University | Motoshita J.,Hamanomachi General Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2014

Background: Recently N1,N12-diacetylspermine, a diacetylated polyamine derivative, was recognized as a tumor marker in patients with several kinds of cancers. However, the significance of its levels in urine as a prognostic factor has not been elucidated. In the present study, we examined whether the urine N1,N12-diacetylspermine levels can be used as a prognostic factor in patients with NSCLC. Patients and Methods: Urine samples from 251 patients with NSCLC were collected prior to surgery and the urinary N1,N12-diacetylspermine concentration was measured. Thereafter, all 251 patients underwent curative surgery and the analysis of prognosis was performed for over 10 years. Out of the 251 patients, 91 had recurrent disease. The significance of the urinary N1,N12-diacetylspermine level as a prognostic factor among all 251 patients and among the 91 patients with recurrence was evaluated. Results: Univariate analysis of all 251 patients showed that the level of urinary N1,N12-diacetylspermine was a significant prognostic factor for disease-free survival and overall survival; however, multivariate analysis showed it had no significance. Conversely, the univariate and multivariate analyses of postrecurrent survival of the 91 patients with recurrence showed that urinary N1,N12-diacetylspermine was an independent prognostic factor for post-recurrent survival. Conclusion: Patients with recurrence with positive urinary N1,N12-diacetylspermine should undergo more intensive care and determination of urinary N1,N12-diacetylspermine may contribute to improvement of prognosis of NSCLC.


Kato M.,Hamanomachi General Hospital | Onishi H.,Kyushu University | Matsumoto K.,Hamanomachi General Hospital | Tsuruta N.,Hamanomachi General Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2012

Background: About 30% of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have locally advanced cancer (stage IIIA or IIIB) at the time of presentation. Many institutions have reported treatment with preoperative chemoradiotherapy (PCRT) followed by curative resection in patients with stage III NSCLC, but the optimal therapeutic protocol for this group has not been established. Patients and Methods: Nineteen patients with stage III NSCLC were treated with PCRT, followed by surgery at the Hamanomachi Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan from May 2000 to November 2011. We evaluated the effectiveness of PCRT for inducing downstaging using mainly three chemoradiotherapy regimens; cisplatin plus Tegafur-Gimeracil-Oteracil Potassium (S-1), cisplatin plus Tegafur-Uracil (UFT), or 1,1'cyclobutanedicarboxylate (Carboplatin, CBDCA) plus paclitaxel, with concurrent radiation therapy in 19 patients with stage III NSCLC. Results: The overall 5-year survival rate was 57.1%, which is higher than the average survival rate for patients with stage III NSCLC in Japan. Among the regimens used, only cisplatin plus S-1 with concurrent radiation therapy significantly induced downstaging. There was a significant difference in survival time between the downstaged and non-downstaged groups. However, there was no significant difference in survival time between the S-1 plus cisplatin group and the other groups combined, because of the short observation period for the S-1 plus cisplatin group. Conclusion: PCRT using cisplatin plus S-1 with concurrent radiation therapy is useful for inducing downstaging in patients with locally advanced stage III NSCLC.


Segawa Y.,Kyushu University | Nakashima T.,Kyushu University | Shiratsuchi H.,Kyushu University | Tanaka R.,Hamanomachi General Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Case Reports in Oncology | Year: 2011

We report a rare case of extrapulmonary small cell carcinoma arising in the palatine tonsil treated by combined chemotherapy with irinotecan/cisplatin following irradiation therapy. This chemotherapy regimen was recently found to be effective for small cell lung carcinoma. Our case is the first report of combined irinotecan/cisplatin chemotherapy to treat extrapulmonary small cell carcinoma of the oropharynx. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG.


PubMed | Hamanomachi General Hospital and Kyushu University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Anticancer research | Year: 2014

Recently N(1),N(12)-diacetylspermine, a diacetylated polyamine derivative, was recognized as a tumor marker in patients with several kinds of cancers. However, the significance of its levels in urine as a prognostic factor has not been elucidated. In the present study, we examined whether the urine N(1),N(12)-diacetylspermine levels can be used as a prognostic factor in patients with NSCLC.Urine samples from 251 patients with NSCLC were collected prior to surgery and the urinary N(1),N(12)-diacetylspermine concentration was measured. Thereafter, all 251 patients underwent curative surgery and the analysis of prognosis was performed for over 10 years. Out of the 251 patients, 91 had recurrent disease. The significance of the urinary N(1),N(12)-diacetylspermine level as a prognostic factor among all 251 patients and among the 91 patients with recurrence was evaluated.Univariate analysis of all 251 patients showed that the level of urinary N(1),N(12)-diacetylspermine was a significant prognostic factor for disease-free survival and overall survival; however, multivariate analysis showed it had no significance. Conversely, the univariate and multivariate analyses of post-recurrent survival of the 91 patients with recurrence showed that urinary N(1),N(12)-diacetylspermine was an independent prognostic factor for post-recurrent survival.Patients with recurrence with positive urinary N(1),N(12)-diacetylspermine should undergo more intensive care and determination of urinary N(1),N(12)-diacetylspermine may contribute to improvement of prognosis of NSCLC.

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