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Hamamatsu, Japan

Hamamatsu University School of Medicine is a national university in Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan, founded in 1974. Wikipedia.

Ikegami K.,Hamamatsu University School of Medicine
Cell structure and function | Year: 2010

Microtubules (MTs) play specialized roles in a wide variety of cellular events, e.g. molecular transport, cell motility, and cell division. Specialized MT architectures, such as bundles, axonemes, and centrioles, underlie the function. The specialized function and highly organized structure depend on interactions with MT-binding proteins. MT-associated proteins (e.g. MAP1, MAP2, and tau), molecular motors (kinesin and dynein), plus-end tracking proteins (e.g. CLIP-170), and MT-severing proteins (e.g. katanin) interact with MTs. How can the MT-binding proteins know temporospatial information to associate with MTs and to properly play their roles? Post-translational modifications (PTMs) including detyrosination, polyglutamylation, and polyglycylation can provide molecular landmarks for the proteins. Recent efforts to identify modification-regulating enzymes (TTL, carboxypeptidase, polyglutamylase, polyglycylase) and to generate genetically manipulated animals enable us to understand the roles of the modifications. In this review, we present recent advances in understanding regulation of MT function, structure, and stability by PTMs. Source

Ito T.,Hamamatsu University School of Medicine
Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2012

Spontaneous remission occurs in up to 80% of patients with limited patchy alopecia areata (AA) within 1 year. Therefore, not all patients of AA simplex/multiplex need extensive treatments, and "wait and see" is one of the choices for some patients. However, once the hair loss show progressive course, it is really difficult to manage well and may be recalcitrant to any treatment in some cases. Hair loss symptom is not life-threatening but severely decreases quality of life. There have been two widely known guidelines for AA from the British Association of Dermatologists and the National Alopecia Areata Foundation (USA). These guidelines have been substantial and provide clues for dermatologists but needed to be updated. Recently, the Japanese Dermatological Association also published a guideline for the management of AA. This guideline suggests treatments followed by recommendations and evidence levels. Several new treatments are added such as corticosteroid pulse therapy and antihistamine drugs in addition to Japanese historical therapies. Although the highly recommended therapies are still contact immunotherapy and local injection of corticosteroid, it may result in improvement of AA by use of appropriate treatments decided by age, hair loss type, disease course and desire of the AA patient. © 2011 Japanese Dermatological Association. Source

Ito T.,Hamamatsu University School of Medicine
Journal of Dermatological Science | Year: 2010

Interest in the hair follicle (HF) has recently increased, yet the detailed mechanisms of HF function and immune privilege (IP) have not yet been elucidated. This review discusses the critical points of immunobiology and hormonal aspects of HFs. The HF is a unique mini-organ because it has its own immune system and hormonal milieu. In addition, the HF immune and hormonal systems may greatly affect skin immunobiology. Therefore, knowledge of HF immunobiology and hormonal aspects will lead to a better understanding of skin biology. The HF has a unique hair cycle (anagen, catagen and telogen) and contains stem cells in the bulge area. The HF is closely related to sebaceous glands and the nervous system. This article reviews the interaction between the endocrine/immune system and HFs, including the pathogenesis of alopecia areata associated with stress. © 2010 Japanese Society for Investigative Dermatology. Source

Takeshita A.,Hamamatsu University School of Medicine
International Journal of Hematology | Year: 2013

Seventy to 80 % of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) achieve complete remission following intensive chemotherapy, but more than 50 % of patients in remission subsequently relapse, which is often associated with clinical drug resistance. Therapy based on monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) has been developed to increase the selectivity of cytotoxic agents by conjugating them with a mAb. Gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO) is a conjugate of a cytotoxic agent, a calicheamicin derivative, linked to a recombinant humanized mAb directed against the CD33 antigen, which is expressed on leukemia cells from more than 90 % of patients with AML. This conjugated mAb was introduced following promising results from phase I and II studies. However, the initial phase III study did not confirm the efficacy of GO in combination with conventional chemotherapies. Several subsequent phase III studies have shown the efficacy of GO in favorable and intermediate risk AML. Several resistance mechanisms against GO have been reported. Multidrug resistant (MDR) P-glycoprotein (P-gp), a trans-membrane glycoprotein that pumps out many anti-leukemic agents from cells, also affects GO. For this reasons, GO has been used in combination with MDR modifiers, such as cyclosporine, and in cases without P-gp. Several investigators have reported successful results of the use of GO in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). GO has also been described as effective in cases relapsed after treatment with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), arsenic acid and conventional chemotherapeutic agents. The efficacy of GO will be studied mainly in a favorable risk of AML, such as core binding factor leukemia and APL. In addition, suitable combinations with other chemotherapies and administration schedules should be discussed. © 2013 The Japanese Society of Hematology. Source

Kono S.,Hamamatsu University School of Medicine
International Review of Neurobiology | Year: 2013

Aceruloplasminemia is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder involving "neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation," which is caused by genetic defects in the ceruloplasmin gene. Ceruloplasmin is a multicopper oxidase with ferroxidase activity that oxidizes ferrous iron following its transfer to extracellular transferrin. In the central nervous system, a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked ceruloplasmin bound to the cell membranes was found to be the major isoform of this protein. Aceruloplasminemia is characterized by diabetes, retinal degeneration, and progressive neurological symptoms, including extrapyramidal symptoms, ataxia, and dementia. Clinical and pathological studies and investigations of cell culture and murine models revealed that there is an iron-mediated cellular radical injury caused by a marked accumulation of iron in the affected parenchymal tissues. The aim of this chapter is to provide an overview of not only the clinical features, genetic and molecular pathogenesis, and treatment of aceruloplasminemia but also the biological and physiological features of iron metabolism. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

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