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San Diego, CA, United States

Halozyme Therapeutics, based in San Diego, California, is a biopharmaceutical company developing and commercializing products targeting the extracellular matrix for the endocrinology, oncology, dermatology and drug delivery markets. http://www.halozyme.com Wikipedia.

Shepard H.M.,Halozyme Therapeutics
Frontiers in Oncology | Year: 2015

Hyaluronan (HA) has many functions in the extracellular milieu of normal and diseased tissues. Disease-associated HA accumulation has been shown to predict a worsened prognosis in cancer patients, with tumors having a high-extracellular HA content (HA-high) being more aggressive than their HA-low counterparts. HA-high tumor aggressiveness is derived from the specialized biomechanical and molecular properties of the HA-based assembly of HA binding proteins and the growth-promoting factors that accumulate in it. Biophysical characteristics of an HA-high tumor microenvironment include high tumor interstitial pressure, compression of tumor vasculature, and resulting tumor hypoxia. Within the tumor cell membrane, HA receptors, primarily CD44 and RHAMM, anchor the HA-high extracellular network. HA-CD44 association on the tumor cell surface enhances receptor tyrosine kinase activity to drive tumor progression and treatment resistance. Together, malignant cells in this HA-high matrix may evolve dependency on it for growth. This yields the hypothesis that depleting HA in HA-high tumors may be associated with a therapeutic benefit. A pegylated form of recombinant human hyaluronidase PH20 (PEGPH20) has been deployed as a potential cancer therapeutic in HA-high tumors. PEGPH20 can collapse this matrix by degrading the HA-assembled tumor extracellular framework, leading to tumor growth inhibition, preferentially in HA-high tumors. Enzymatic depletion of HA by PEGPH20 results in re-expansion of the tumor vasculature, reduction in tumor hypoxia, and increased penetration of therapeutic molecules into the tumor. Finally, HA-depletion results in reduced signaling via CD44/RHAMM. Taken together, HA-depletion strategies accomplish their antitumor effects by multiple mechanisms that include targeting both biophysical and molecular signaling pathways. Ongoing clinical trials are examining the potential of PEGPH20 in combination with partner therapeutics in several cancers. © 2015 Shepard. Source

Heinemann L.,Science and Co. | Muchmore D.B.,Halozyme Therapeutics
Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology | Year: 2012

Optimal coverage of prandial insulin requirements remains an elusive goal. The invention of rapid-acting insulin analogs (RAIAs) was a big step forward in reducing postprandial glycemic excursions in patients with diabetes in comparison with using regular human insulin; however, even with these, the physiological situation cannot be adequately mimicked. Developing ultrafast-acting insulins (UFIs) - showing an even more rapid onset of action and a shorter duration of action after subcutaneous (SC) administration - is another step forward in achieving this goal. The need for UFIs has been gradually recognized over the years, and subsequently, a number of different approaches to cover this need are in clinical development. A rapid increase in circulating insulin levels can be achieved by different measures: modification of the primary structure of insulin molecule (as we know from RAIAs), addition of excipients that enhance the appearance in the monomeric state post-injection, or addition of enzymes that enable more free spreading of the insulin molecules in the SC tissue. Other measures to increase the insulin absorption rate increase the local blood flow nearby the insulin depot in the SC tissue, injecting the insulin intradermally or applying via another route, e.g., the lung. The development of these approaches is in different stages, from quite early stages to nearing market authorization. In time, daily practice will show if the introduction of UFIs will fulfill their clinical promise. In this review, the basic idea for UFIs will be presented and the different approaches will be briefly characterized. © Diabetes Technology Society. Source

News Article | November 5, 2015
Site: www.philly.com

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Rapid-acting insulin analogs were introduced to the market in the 1990s, and these products have improved treatment of diabetes by shortening the optimum delay time between injections and meals. Compared with regular human insulin, rapid-acting insulin formulations also reduce postprandial glycemic excursions while decreasing risk of hypoglycemia. However, the current prandial products are not fast enough for optimum convenience or control. Recombinant human hyaluronidase (rHuPH20) has been used to increase the dispersion and absorption of other injected drugs, and in the case of prandial insulin analogs, it confers both ultrafast absorption and action profiles. Animal toxicology studies have demonstrated excellent tolerability of rHuPH20, and human studies, involving over 60,000 injections of prandial insulin + rHuPH20 to date, have similarly shown excellent safety and tolerability. Studies using rapid-acting analog insulin with rHuPH20 have included clinic-based pharmacokinetic and glucodynamic euglycemic glucose clamp studies, test meal studies, and take-home treatment studies. Administration methods have included subcutaneous injection of coformulations of rapid-acting insulin + rHuPH20 as well as continuous subcutaneous infusion of coformulations or use of pretreatment of newly inserted infusion sets with rHuPH20 followed by standard continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion therapy. These studies have demonstrated acceleration of insulin absorption and action along with improvement in postprandial glycemic excursions and reduction in hypoglycemia risks. Further, rHuPH20 reduces intrasubject variability of insulin absorption and action and provides greater consistency in absorption and action profiles over wear time of an infusion set. Further studies of rHuPH20 in the take-home treatment setting are underway. © Diabetes Technology Society. Source

Muchmore D.B.,Halozyme Therapeutics | Vaughn D.E.,Halozyme Therapeutics
Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology | Year: 2010

For patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, achieving good glycemic control is critical for successful treatment outcomes. As many patients remain unable to reach glycemic goals with currently available rapid-acting analog insulins, ultrafast insulin products are being developed that provide an even faster pharmacokinetic profile compared with current rapid prandial insulin products. The overall strategy of these ultrafast insulin products is to better mimic the normal physiologic response to insulin that occurs in healthy individuals to further improve glycemic control. Recombinant human hyaluronidase (rHuPH20) is a genetically engineered soluble hyaluronidase approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as an adjuvant to increase the absorption and dispersion of other injected drugs; mammalian hyaluronidases as a class have over 6 decades of clinical use supporting the safety and/or efficacy of hyaluronidase coadministration. Clinical findings have demonstrated that coadministration of rHuPH20 with insulin or an insulin analog achieved faster systemic absorption, reduced inter- and intrapatient variability of insulin absorption, and achieved faster metabolic effects compared with injection of either insulin formulation alone. The magnitude of this acceleration is similar to the incrementally faster absorption of prandial insulin analogs as compared with regular insulin. In addition, coadministration of rHuPH20 with regular insulin or insulin analog also improved the achievement of prandial glycemic targets. Thus, rHuPH20 coadministration shows promise as a method of establishing a more rapid insulin profile to prandial insulin in patients with diabetes and has the potential to yield substantial improvements in postprandial glycemic excursion. © Diabetes Technology Society. Source

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