Bahng J.,Korea University |
Park C.H.,Hallym UniversityChuncheon Republic of Korea |
Kim H.-J.,Hallym UniversityChuncheon Republic of Korea |
Lee J.H.,Hallym UniversityChuncheon Republic of Korea
Laryngoscope | Year: 2016
Objectives/Hypothesis: Unilateral cochlear implantation has emerged as a widely accepted procedure to treat severe to profound hearing loss, but many studies have reported benefits in terms of speech comprehension when listeners with residual low-frequency hearing in the nonimplanted ear use a hearing aid. Study Design: Retrospective study. Methods: In this study, we analyzed the speech performance and satisfaction of bimodal hearing according to the residual low-frequency hearing level in the nonimplanted ear. Based on low-frequency pure-tone audiometry (average of 250 Hz and 500 Hz) in the nonimplanted ear, we classified individuals into three groups as follows: group A (under 70 dB), group B (71-90 dB), and group C (over 91 dB). Listeners were tested using the Word Recognition Score, the Korea-Central Institute for Deaf sentence recognition test, and the Korean version of the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly questionnaire. Results: We observed a bimodal benefit when the residual low-frequency threshold was less than 70 dB HL and a greater satisfaction with bimodal hearing compared to cochlear implant alone, when the residual low-frequency threshold was less than 70 dB HL. Conclusions: This study supports the benefits of bimodal hearing in listeners with bilateral severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss as standard clinical practice, when the residual low-frequency hearing threshold is under 70 dB in the nonimplanted ear. © 2016 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.
Lee M.C.,Hallym UniversityChuncheon Republic of Korea |
Kim D.-K.,Sacred Heart College |
Lee O.J.,Hallym UniversityChuncheon Republic of Korea |
Kim J.-H.,Hallym UniversityChuncheon Republic of Korea |
And 7 more authors.
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials | Year: 2015
Films prepared from silk fibroin have shown potential as biomaterials in tissue engineering applications for the eye. Here, we present a novel process for fabrication of silk fibroin films for corneal application. In this work, fabrication of silk fibroin films was simply achieved by centrifugal force. In contrast to the conventional dry casting method, we carried out the new process in a centrifuge with a rotating speed of 4000 rpm, where centrifugal force was imposed on an aluminum tube containing silk fibroin solution. In the present study, we also compared the surface roughness, mechanical properties, transparency, and cell proliferation between centrifugal and dry casting method. In terms of surface morphology, films fabricated by the centrifugal casting have less surface roughness than those by the dry casting. For elasticity and transparency, silk fibroin films obtained from the centrifugal casting had favorable results compared with those prepared by dry casting. Furthermore, primary human corneal keratocytes grew better in films prepared by the centrifugal casting. Therefore, our results suggest that this new fabrication process for silk fibroin films offers important potential benefits for corneal tissue regeneration. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.