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Uday G.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science | Chandar B.,Private practitioner | Srilakshmi J.,Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College | Khaitan T.,Haldia institute of Dental science and Research | Balaji Babu B.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research

Dentinogenesis imperfecta (DGI), an autosomal dominant trait, is one of the most common hereditary disorders affecting both the formation and mineralization of dentin. Either or both primary and permanent dentition is affected by it. Here, we present a case report of a 13-year-old female patient affected with DGI who had undergone prosthetic rehabilitation with submerged root technique. © 2015, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved. Source

Kumar B.,Kasturba Medical College | Pai S.,Kasturba Medical College | Ray B.,Kasturba Medical College | Mishra S.,Melaka Manipal Medical College | And 3 more authors.
Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology

Lateral obliquity of the forearm from the arm when the forearm is supinated and extended is called carrying angle. In this study carrying angle was measured using radiographs of adult individuals and morphometry was done on dry bones taking part in formation of human elbow (on lower end of humerus-trochlear angle and inclination angle of olecranon fossa, on upper end of ulna-olecranon-coronoid angle and length and width of inferior medial trochlear notch). On radiographs, the difference between male and female carrying angle and difference between carrying angle of right and left limbs (in both sexes together as well as in same sex) was statistically not significant. All the morphometric parameters measured in this study did not show any significant sexual dimorphism or difference between right and left side except the inclination angle of olecranon fossa, which was significantly more on right side. Different findings of carrying angle as reported by various authors could be due to racial difference or due to different methods used to measure carrying angle. Morphometric parameters were similar to findings of radiographic method of measuring carrying angle. These factors should also be considered in construction of elbow prosthesis as well as use of carrying angle in identification of skeletal remains. Source

Shashirekha G.,Siksha O' Anusandhan University | Jena A.,Siksha O' Anusandhan University | Maity A.B.,Haldia institute of Dental science and Research
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research

Aim: To determine the prevalence and frequency of rubber dam usage for endodontic procedures among general practitioners, specialized practitioners, undergraduate final year students and Endodontists in the state of Odisha, India. Methodology: A pre-piloted questionnaire was distributed among 737 subjects. Dentists and final year students were surveyed in relation to their prevalence of rubber dam usage. Statistical Analysis Used: Chi-square/ Fisher Exact tests have been used to find the significance of study parameters on categorical scale between two or more groups. Results: Overall response rate was 71%. While about 94% of the subjects knew the use of rubber dam, 30% have used it for root canal cases and 23% use them for all cases of root canal treatment. Use of rubber dam was 15.4% in paediatric patients and 34.4% in adult patients. 68% of subjects received knowledge about rubber dam usage in undergraduate school. 75% felt that rubber dam should be compulsory before endodontic treatment & 90% were willing to gain knowledge through training and continuing dental education programs. Conclusion: Whilst rubber dam is used frequently for root canal treatment than operative treatment, in the present survey there is a low prevalence of its usage during endodontic therapy. This presents quality issues, as well as medico-legal and safety concerns for the professional and patients alike. Greater emphasis should be placed on the advantages of using rubber dam in clinical dentistry at dental school and through continuing dental education for practitioners to update their knowledge. Source

Basak A.K.,Haldia institute of Dental science and Research | Tripathy S.,Berhampur Girls College | Majumder S.,Haldia institute of Dental science and Research
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development

Since the discovery of ABO blood group system by Landsteiner a voluminous data is available on the frequencies of ABO blood group and also Rh factor for most parts of the world but such type of data among the localites of East Midnapur is still lacking. The present study is undertaken to find out the normal ABO and Rh frequencies among the localites of East Midnapore. A total of 2256 domicile individuals from East Midnapore district are selected from the BDS students, staffs of the Dental colleges and local domicile population reported to the pathological laboratory of our associated hospital (Dr. B. C. Roy Hospital) for blood group determination. Blood sample were collected under aseptic condition by venepuncture from the antecubital vein. The ABO blood group and Rh factor are determined immediately after blood collection using the Tile or Slide testing. It is found that the most common type of blood group is B type followed by O , A and then AB. The prevalence of Rh positive population in East Midnapore is considerably higher than the Rh negative individuals like other parts of India . © 2014, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved. Source

Bhattacharya P.T.,Haldia institute of Dental science and Research | Sinha R.,Haldia institute of Dental science and Research | Pal S.,Haldia institute of Dental science and Research
Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research

Aim: The current study was designed to determine prevalence of various tongue lesions and their association with age, gender, systemic illness, deleterious habits, and distribution over the surfaces of tongue. It also explored the awareness and knowledge of subjects in relation to presence of tongue lesions, etiological factor, symptoms, and treatment received if any. Methods: The present study was conducted on 1360 randomly selected dental outpatients from 1/10/2013 to 30/09/2014. Examination of tongue included surface changes, size, movements, and the presence of mucosal lesions. The subjects were asked about the knowledge, symptoms, and treatment obtained in case of awareness regarding the lesion. Results: The prevalence of tongue lesions was found to be 13.75%. The most prevalent lesion was found to be coated tongue. The majority of the lesions were located on dorsum of tongue and not related with age, gender, habit, and systemic condition. A considerable number of subjects were aware of the changes on their tongue but negligible number sought any treatment. Conclusions: The presence of tongue lesions in the study population was found be significant. Hence, general dental practitioners and health care providers should be educated about the diagnosis, etiology, investigations, and proper management of such tongue lesions. © 2015 Craniofacial Research Foundation. Source

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