Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Haiti State University

Port-au-Prince, Haiti

The University of Haiti is one of Haiti's most prestigious institutions of higher education. It is located in Port-au-Prince.Its origins date to the 1820s, when colleges of medicine and law were established. In 1942 the various faculties merged into the University of Haiti. After a student strike in 1960, François Duvalier's government brought the university under firm government control and renamed it the State University of Haiti. In 1983, the University became an independent institution according to the Haitian constitution. The University's independent status was confirmed in the Haitian constitution of 1987.In 1981 there were 4,099 students at the University of Haiti, of whom 26% were enrolled in the Faculty of Law and Economics; 25%, in the Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy; 17%, in the Faculty of Administration and Management; and 11%, in the Faculty of Science and Topography. Despite the important role played by agriculture in the Haitian economy, only 5% of the university's students were enrolled in the Faculty of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine. In 1981 the University of Haiti had 559 professors, compared with 207 in 1967. Most professors worked part-time, were paid on an hourly basis, and had little time for contact with students. The University of Haiti also suffered severe shortages of books and other materials.As of 2010, tuition was US$15 a year. However, while this made it more affordable for many Haitians than other forms of tertiary education in the country, competition for places was fierce. The university accepted only 15 per cent of applicants for undergraduate places, while its dentistry school had just 20 places for about 800 applicants yearly.Among its past rectors, the University includes the writer Jean Price Mars.The university's buildings were largely destroyed during the earthquake of January 12, 2010. A consortium of historically black colleges from the United States have formed a consortium to help rebuild part of the campus.After the earthquake, the government of the Dominican Republic paid for the construction of a new university campus near the town of Limonade in northern Haiti, called the Universite Roi Henri Christophe. Wikipedia.

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Kpanake L.,University of Québec | Jean-Jacques R.,Haiti State University | Sorum P.C.,Albany Medical College | Mullet E.,EPHE Paris
Developing World Bioethics | Year: 2017

The way people at the receiving end of humanitarian assistance perceive this intervention may provide invaluable bottom-up feedback to improve the quality of the intervention. We analyzed and mapped Haitians' views regarding international humanitarian aid in cases of natural disaster. Two hundred fifty participants-137 women and 113 men aged 18-67-who had suffered from the consequences of the earthquake in 2010 were presented with a series of vignettes depicting a humanitarian team's action and were asked to what extent these actions corresponded to what ought to be expected from an international aid mission. Four factors were considered in the vignettes (a) whether the team worked in close association with local institutions, (b) whether it was composed of competent people who were prepared for their mission, (c) whether they treated people as a function of immediate needs, and (d) whether they behaved in a respectful way. Through cluster analysis, five qualitatively different positions were found: (a) Complete hostility to any kind of humanitarian aid (6%); (b) Strong hostility to humanitarian aid in the case of disrespectful attitudes or behaviors (4%); (c) Technical competence is the only factor that matters (25%); (d) Both manifestation of respect for the population and technical competence matter (38%) and (e) Undetermined (27%). Most Haitians expect humanitarian teams to be technically competent, but even very competent aid is not considered adequate if provided in an arrogant and disrespectful manner. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Derivois D.,University of Lyon | Cenat J.-M.,University of Lyon | Castelot V.,Haiti State University
Journal of Loss and Trauma | Year: 2014

This study explored the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms related to social support received by the children and adolescents who survived the earthquake on January 12, 2010, in Haiti. A strategy of stratified sampling was used, and 540 children and teenagers were questioned. Questionnaires based on the PTSD Checklist, the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, and the Peritraumatic Distress Inventory, among others, were used and bivariate statistical analyses were carried out. The results showed high rates of complete and partial PTSD symptoms, with higher rates among females, and indicated the need for reinforcing social support as a resilience factor for youth. © 2014 Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

PubMed | McGill University, University of California at Los Angeles, Haiti State University, Hopital St. Nicolas and 2 more.
Type: Editorial | Journal: BMC medical education | Year: 2016

Recent calls for reform in healthcare training emphasize using competency-based curricula and information technology-empowered learning. Continuing Medical Education programs are essential in maintaining physician accreditation. Haitian physicians have expressed a lack access to these activities. The Haiti Medical Education Project works in alliance with Haitian medical leadership, faculty and students to support the Countrys medical education system. We present the creation, delivery and evaluation of a competency-based continuing medical education curriculum for physicians in rural Haiti.Real time lectures from local and international institutions were teleconferenced to physicians in remote Haitian sites using VidyoConferencing technology. With American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) and College of Family Physicians Canada (CFPC) guidelines as references, a competency-derived syllabus was created for a Haitian continuing medical education program. The resulting educational goals were reviewed by a committee of Haitian and North American physician/medical education practitioners to reflect local needs. All authors reviewed lectures and then conferred to establish agreement on competencies presented for each lecture.Sixty-seven lectures were delivered. Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, ophthalmologic, infectious diseases, renal and endocrine competencies were well-represented, with more than 50% of the joint AAFP and CFPC recommended competencies outlined. Areas under-represented included allergy and immunology, cardiology, surgery, pain management, gastroenterology, neurology, pulmonology, mens health and rheumatology; these topics accounted for less than 25% of AAFP/CFPC recommended competencies. Areas not covered included geriatrics, nutrition, occupational health and womens health. Within practice-based lectures, only disaster medicine, health promotion and information management were included, but only partially covered.We identified teaching goals covered and competencies that were missing from a CME program for rural Haitian physicians. We aim to use this analysis to provide a competency-based CME lecture series that proportionally meets local needs while following recommendations of recognized national family medicine organizations.

PubMed | University of Burgundy and Haiti State University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: L'Encephale | Year: 2016

In the context of sustainable reconstruction of Haiti following the earthquake of January 12, 2010, this research analyses the processes of resilience and creators of young and adolescent Haitians. In particular, it examines the role of family, school, care institutions, beliefs, association networks, the state and the international community in the development of these processes. These strata are considered as human resources that may assist in the living of difficult experiences, and reconstruction-shoring research mainly aims to identify guardians resilience among young and adolescent Haitians living in camps in Port-au-Prince and the other most affected cities after the nearby earthquake.From a questionnaire developed jointly with the University Lumire Lyon 2 (CRPPC) Editec and the State University of Haiti (UEH) in the context of research, individual interviews were conducted with a sample of n=1475 children and adolescents, 782 girls and 693 boys, 19% of whom were under the age of 6 years, 52% aged 6 to 15 years and 29% aged 15 to 20 years. This allowed the collection of their perception and representation of different elements, which serve as scaffolding to cope with the post-traumatic situation they experienced and to analyse and establish the correlation links between the tutors identified. Among the young people in the sample, 97% are mostly educated, and they remain in three cities that have been particularly affected by the earthquake: the capital Port-au-Prince, Leogane a commune of Port-au-Prince located in the department of the West, and Jacmel a commune of Haiti and head of the department of the South East. We enjoyed the perception and representation of children and adolescents on several potential guardians resilience: family, school, health care institutions, places of worship, social and community networks, government and international organizations.Some data concluded that tutors can actually be correlated and identified by sex and level of development topics. Analyses revealed that the majority of children had not lost their parents and said they feel safe with their families. Academic performance tended mostly to increase after the earthquake, young people perceived care as accessible and available, and the majority claim to be Protestant. They certify that they have many friends and have ties in the community and feel safe in the streets. The data show a positive dominance of religious practice and sense of trust in institutions of care on the part of girls while the boys claim to have more confidence in the State. The school performance is more important to those aged between 6-15 years, while the older ones practice less religion and rely less on the State and international organizations. These results suggest the importance of institutions such as the family, places of worship, educational institutions, health centres, community, etc.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH-2007-5.2-01 | Award Amount: 2.68M | Year: 2008

Ce projet a pour objet de replacer la traite et lesclavage dans lhistoire de lEurope : histoire globale construire ; histoires nationales mettre en relation entre elles et, dans le cas de la traite et de lesclavage transatlantique, avec leurs colonies ou leurs zones dinfluence extra-europennes. A lintrieur de cet ensemble, elle a plus spcifiquement pour objectif de faire une tude sur les gnalogies multiples de la question noire , des afro-descendants , de la diaspora noire en Europe pour aborder la dfinition de lidentit europenne. Lapproche de ces questions se fera de faon multidisciplinaire entre historiens, gographes, sociologues, anthropologues, politologues, juristes et pdagogues. Il comporte deux volets : lun, de recherche grce la mise en rseaux de centres de recherche europens; lautre, de valorisation de la recherche par llaboration doutils pdagogiques pour lenseignement de la traite et de lesclavage.

Lalonde A.,University of Ottawa | Lalonde A.,McGill University | Adrien L.,Haiti State University
International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics | Year: 2015

When a natural disaster occurs, such as an earthquake, floods, or a tsunami, the international response is quick. However, there is no organized strategy in place to address obstetric and gynecological (ob/gyn) emergencies. International organizations and national ob/gyn societies do not have an organized plan and rely on the good will of volunteers. Too often, local specialists are ignored and are not involved in the response. The massive earthquake in Haiti in 2010 exemplifies the lack of coordinated response involving national organizations following the disaster. The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada (SOGC) engaged rapidly with Haitian colleagues in response to the obstetric and gynecological emergencies. An active strategy is proposed. © 2015 Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. on behalf of International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics.

Blanc J.,University of Paris 13 | Blanc J.,Toulouse 1 University Capitole | Blanc J.,Haiti State University | Bui E.,Harvard University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Affective Disorders | Year: 2015

Background: More than 500 studies were conducted in Haiti following the January 12 of 2010 earthquake, yet few of them assessed mental health of the population. To our knowledge, none targeted the effectiveness of various methods used to treat survivors, whether adults or children Method: Our study aimed to assess one year after the disaster, the effect of a specific psycho-social support offered to relocated children in Port-au-Prince compared with a control group. Results: The two groups were homogeneous in the intensity of the peritraumatic distress they experienced. We were unable to show a significant difference between both in the average scores for PTSD, nor for depression, nor in three out of the four sub-scales of the Child Behavior Check-List. In case children, 68% and 40.9%, respectively, and 50% and 20.5% of the control group, reported severe levels of the symptoms of PTSD and depression. These surprising results can be explained by the absence of equivalence in the two groups from a socio-demographic point of view and because subjects were not randomly selected in the recruitment process. Conclusion: This study has not made it possible to indicate the effectiveness of a specific psycho-social support offered to children in the aftermath of the disaster. On the other hand, the sample illustrates the high prevalence (more than 50% for PTSD) of severe post-traumatic stress in this group of school-age children, one year after the earthquake. These results indicate that serious attention should be paid to the mental health aspects in reconstruction program for the country. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Calais E.,Purdue University | Freed A.,Purdue University | Mattioli G.,University of Arkansas | Mattioli G.,University of Texas at Arlington | And 7 more authors.
Nature Geoscience | Year: 2010

On 12 January 2010, a Mw7.0 earthquake struck the Port-au-Prince region of Haiti. The disaster killed more than 200,000 people and caused an estimated $8 billion in damages, about 100% of the country?s gross domestic product. The earthquake was initially thought to have ruptured the Enriquillog-Plantain Garden fault of the southern peninsula of Haiti, which is one of two main strike-slip faults inferred to accommodate the 2cmyr -1 relative motion between the Caribbean and North American plates. Here we use global positioning system and radar interferometry measurements of ground motion to show that the earthquake involved a combination of horizontal and contractional slip, causing transpressional motion. This result is consistent with the long-term pattern of strain accumulation in Hispaniola. The unexpected contractional deformation caused by the earthquake and by the pattern of strain accumulation indicates present activity on faults other than the Enriquillog-Plantain Garden fault. We show that the earthquake instead ruptured an unmapped north-dipping fault, called the Léogâne fault. The Léogâne fault lies subparallel tog-but is different fromg-the Enriquillog-Plantain Garden fault. We suggest that the 2010 earthquake may have activated the southernmost front of the Haitian fold-and-thrust belt as it abuts against the Enriquillog-Plantain Garden fault. As the Enriquillog-Plantain Garden fault did not release any significant accumulated elastic strain, it remains a significant seismic threat for Haiti and for Port-au-Prince in particular. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

Remillard B.D.,Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center | Buteau J.H.,Haiti State University | Cleophat P.,Hopital University Of Mirebalais
Nature Reviews Nephrology | Year: 2015

Establishing a programme for the prevention and treatment of acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease in a developing country involves unique challenges. We became involved in a collaborative effort to improve nephrology care in Haiti after participating in the emergency response to the 2010 earthquake. The focus of this ongoing project is overcoming barriers to implementation with the goal of improving training and resources for Haitian health-care workers and developing programmes for renal disease prevention and treatment in a setting of limited resources. Here, we offer practical advice for nephrologists who would like to help to advance medical care in developing countries. Rather than technical issues related to the prevention and treatment of renal disease, we focus on collaboration, education and the building of partnerships. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

For the concept of moral panic to avoid approaching its expiration date, it is essential to include novel approaches and perspectives. This article aims to augment the under-developed theoretical grounding of the sociology of moral panic by expanding on Pierre Bourdieu’s social theory. It begins by offering a critical appraisal of recent developments in moral panic studies and explains how Bourdieu’s concepts of field, habitus and hysteresis might help overcome the inherent weaknesses of moral panic research. This novel approach is put into empirical work to exploring the rise of a moral panic about the dangers humanitarian aid workers face in the post-Cold War era. It shows that, while today’s threats do not radically differ from those of the past, the widespread sense of concern and anxiety about humanitarian insecurity is a response to effects of hysteresis inside the field of humanitarian aid. © 2014, © The Author(s) 2014.

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