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Port-au-Prince, Haiti

The University of Haiti is one of Haiti's most prestigious institutions of higher education. It is located in Port-au-Prince.Its origins date to the 1820s, when colleges of medicine and law were established. In 1942 the various faculties merged into the University of Haiti. After a student strike in 1960, François Duvalier's government brought the university under firm government control and renamed it the State University of Haiti. In 1983, the University became an independent institution according to the Haitian constitution. The University's independent status was confirmed in the Haitian constitution of 1987.In 1981 there were 4,099 students at the University of Haiti, of whom 26% were enrolled in the Faculty of Law and Economics; 25%, in the Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy; 17%, in the Faculty of Administration and Management; and 11%, in the Faculty of Science and Topography. Despite the important role played by agriculture in the Haitian economy, only 5% of the university's students were enrolled in the Faculty of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine. In 1981 the University of Haiti had 559 professors, compared with 207 in 1967. Most professors worked part-time, were paid on an hourly basis, and had little time for contact with students. The University of Haiti also suffered severe shortages of books and other materials.As of 2010, tuition was US$15 a year. However, while this made it more affordable for many Haitians than other forms of tertiary education in the country, competition for places was fierce. The university accepted only 15 per cent of applicants for undergraduate places, while its dentistry school had just 20 places for about 800 applicants yearly.Among its past rectors, the University includes the writer Jean Price Mars.The university's buildings were largely destroyed during the earthquake of January 12, 2010. A consortium of historically black colleges from the United States have formed a consortium to help rebuild part of the campus.After the earthquake, the government of the Dominican Republic paid for the construction of a new university campus near the town of Limonade in northern Haiti, called the Universite Roi Henri Christophe. Wikipedia.

Blanc J.,University of Paris 13 | Blanc J.,Toulouse 1 University Capitole | Blanc J.,Haiti State University | Bui E.,Harvard University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Affective Disorders | Year: 2015

Background: More than 500 studies were conducted in Haiti following the January 12 of 2010 earthquake, yet few of them assessed mental health of the population. To our knowledge, none targeted the effectiveness of various methods used to treat survivors, whether adults or children Method: Our study aimed to assess one year after the disaster, the effect of a specific psycho-social support offered to relocated children in Port-au-Prince compared with a control group. Results: The two groups were homogeneous in the intensity of the peritraumatic distress they experienced. We were unable to show a significant difference between both in the average scores for PTSD, nor for depression, nor in three out of the four sub-scales of the Child Behavior Check-List. In case children, 68% and 40.9%, respectively, and 50% and 20.5% of the control group, reported severe levels of the symptoms of PTSD and depression. These surprising results can be explained by the absence of equivalence in the two groups from a socio-demographic point of view and because subjects were not randomly selected in the recruitment process. Conclusion: This study has not made it possible to indicate the effectiveness of a specific psycho-social support offered to children in the aftermath of the disaster. On the other hand, the sample illustrates the high prevalence (more than 50% for PTSD) of severe post-traumatic stress in this group of school-age children, one year after the earthquake. These results indicate that serious attention should be paid to the mental health aspects in reconstruction program for the country. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Blanc J.,University of Paris Pantheon Sorbonne | Blanc J.,Haiti State University | Rahill G.J.,University of South Florida | Laconi S.,4156 University of Toulouse | Mouchenik Y.,University of Paris 13
Journal of Affective Disorders | Year: 2016

Background This study examines relationships between religious beliefs regarding the origin of the 2010 earthquake in Haiti and posttraumatic symptomatology as well as depressive symptoms and resilience among its survivors. Method We used convenient sampling to recruit participants (n=167). They completed six scales, which had been translated into Haitian Creole, including measures such as the Earthquake Experiences Exposure (EEE), the Peritraumatic Distress Inventory (PDI), the Peritraumatic Dissociative Experience Questionnaire (PDEQ), the PTSD Checklist (PTSD-CL), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD- RISC) Results Among our participants, 51% were male, (mean age=30.5, SD=11.03), 92% (n=155) were believers in some sort of supernatural force and 65% (n=108) endorsed the earthquake as a natural phenomenon. There was significant difference in average scores at peritraumatic distress, PTSD symptoms and Resilience measures between those perceiving a divine origin and/or a punishment through the event and those who did not. Peritraumatic responses were best predictors for PTSD (β=.366, p<.001) and Depression symptoms (β=.384, p<.001). Voodoo adherents appeared to be vulnerable to depression, but reported superior resilience factors. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Lalonde A.,University of Ottawa | Lalonde A.,McGill University | Adrien L.,Haiti State University
International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics | Year: 2015

When a natural disaster occurs, such as an earthquake, floods, or a tsunami, the international response is quick. However, there is no organized strategy in place to address obstetric and gynecological (ob/gyn) emergencies. International organizations and national ob/gyn societies do not have an organized plan and rely on the good will of volunteers. Too often, local specialists are ignored and are not involved in the response. The massive earthquake in Haiti in 2010 exemplifies the lack of coordinated response involving national organizations following the disaster. The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada (SOGC) engaged rapidly with Haitian colleagues in response to the obstetric and gynecological emergencies. An active strategy is proposed. © 2015 Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. on behalf of International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Source

Remillard B.D.,Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center | Buteau J.H.,Haiti State University | Cleophat P.,Hopital University Of Mirebalais
Nature Reviews Nephrology | Year: 2015

Establishing a programme for the prevention and treatment of acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease in a developing country involves unique challenges. We became involved in a collaborative effort to improve nephrology care in Haiti after participating in the emergency response to the 2010 earthquake. The focus of this ongoing project is overcoming barriers to implementation with the goal of improving training and resources for Haitian health-care workers and developing programmes for renal disease prevention and treatment in a setting of limited resources. Here, we offer practical advice for nephrologists who would like to help to advance medical care in developing countries. Rather than technical issues related to the prevention and treatment of renal disease, we focus on collaboration, education and the building of partnerships. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. Source

Derivois D.,University of Lyon | Cenat J.-M.,University of Lyon | Castelot V.,Haiti State University
Journal of Loss and Trauma | Year: 2014

This study explored the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms related to social support received by the children and adolescents who survived the earthquake on January 12, 2010, in Haiti. A strategy of stratified sampling was used, and 540 children and teenagers were questioned. Questionnaires based on the PTSD Checklist, the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, and the Peritraumatic Distress Inventory, among others, were used and bivariate statistical analyses were carried out. The results showed high rates of complete and partial PTSD symptoms, with higher rates among females, and indicated the need for reinforcing social support as a resilience factor for youth. © 2014 Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

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