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Hainan, China

Wang S.,Hainan UniversityHaikou | Pang S.,Hainan UniversityHaikou | Xu N.,Hainan UniversityHaikou | Pan L.,Hainan UniversityHaikou | Lin Q.,Hainan Normal University
Journal of Applied Polymer Science | Year: 2016

In situ compatibilized poly(lactic acid)/thermoplastic polyester elastomer (PLA/TPEE) (80/20) blends are prepared by using multifunctional epoxide oligomer (coded as ADR) as a reactive modifier. Experiments such as torque, melt mass flow rate (MFR), SEM, DSC and tensile test were conducted to characterize properties of the PLA/TPEE/ADR blends. In-situ reactions between PLA, TPEE and ADR were researched using a lab torque rheometer. It was proposed that ADR may initiate a variety of chain extension/branching reactions between PLA and TPEE under mixing process. In particular, the formed copolymer PLA-ADR-TPEE could be viewed as an in-situ compatibilizer to improve the compatibility of PLA and TPEE. As expected, the value of MFR decreased greatly with increasing the ADR addition. The morphology reveals that interface adhesion of PLA/TPEE blend was enhanced with the incorporation of ADR, which led to a reduction in TPEE domain size. Moreover, tensile ductility of PLA/TPEE (80/20) blend was improved greatly by addition of the reactive modifier, e.g. the elongation at break was increased from 53% to the maximum value of 213% with addition of 1.2 phr ADR. The toughening effect can be explained by crazing with shear yielding mechanism. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

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