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Ha'il, Saudi Arabia

Abdel-Gayoum A.A.,Hail University
Saudi Medical Journal | Year: 2014

Objectives: To investigate changes in serum lipid profile, levels of serum minerals associated with thyroid disorders, and to compare these with the serum lipid and mineral profiles in hypothyroid patients receiving thyroxine therapy.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in King Khaled Hospital, Hail, Saudi Arabia. The patient database was searched for new patients with thyroid dysfunction between January 2011 and June 2012. They were classified into 5 groups: 1) subclinical-hypothyroid (SHY), 2) overt-hypothyroid (OHY), 3) subclinicalhyperthyroid (SHE), 4) overt-hyperthyroid (OHE), 5) patients under thyroxine therapy (EU), and normal controls.Results: The OHY group showed impaired renal function; whereas, the kidney function of the SHE, OHE, and EU groups was normal. The OHY and OHE groups exhibited elevated serum glucose. The OHY group showed elevated serum cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Serum lipids were reduced in the OHE group, and no different in the EU group compared with controls. The serum calcium and phosphate were reduced in the OHY group, whereas, in the OHE group, the phosphate was increased while magnesium and potassium were reduced.Conclusion: Hypothyroidism caused impaired renal function, glucose intolerance, hyperlipidemia, and reduction in serum phosphate. Hyperthyroidism caused a reduction in serum lipids, magnesium, and potassium. Thyroxine therapy normalized the deranged lipids and minerals, but not glucose. Results indicate that thyroid function tests should be considered when diagnosing those metabolic disorders. © 2014, Saudi Arabian Armed Forces Hospital. All rights reserved. Source


Shoaib M.,Hail University
Advances in Astronomy | Year: 2015

The inverse problem of central configuration of the trapezoidal 5-body problems is investigated. In this 5-body setup, one of the masses is chosen to be stationary at the center of mass of the system and four-point masses are placed on the vertices of an isosceles trapezoid with two equal masses m1=m4 at positions ∓0.5, rB and m2=m3 at positions ∓α;/2,rA. The regions of central configurations where it is possible to choose positive masses are derived both analytically and numerically. It is also shown that in the complement of these regions no central configurations are possible. © 2015 Muhammad Shoaib. Source


Four kinds of plant pollen were tested as an alternative food source for rearing the predatory mite Euseius scutalis (Athias-Henriot) under laboratory conditions of 26°C and 70%RH. Pollen grains were extracted from date palm Pheonyx dactylefira L., sour orange Citrus aurantium L., castor bean Ricinus communis L. and alfalfa Medicago sativa L. Individuals of the predatory mite were collected from leaves of eggplant in Hail district during spring 2010. Mite individuals were provided and reared on the aforementioned pollens for their whole life span. Total developmental period significantly affected by kind of pollen. Date palm pollen highly shortened the development followed by alfalfa, citrus and castor bean. Feeding on date palm pollen caused the highest rate of survival (94%) and gradually declined to 92, 90 and 89% when mites were provided with citrus, alfalfa and castor bean pollen, respectively. During adulthood, female deposited 42.62, 30.22, 21.16 and 13.46 eggs in approximately 12.42, 10.82, 9.44 and 7.22 days when fed date palm, alfalfa, castor bean and citrus pollen, respectively. Mean generation time (T) averaged 17.19, 17.86, 19.08 and 20.47 days; net reproductive rate (R0) 34.93, 30.81, 15.59 and 18.51 fern ale/female/day; intrinsic rate of natural increase (rm) 0.20, 0.192, 0.134 and 0.153; finite rate of increase erm (λ) 1.22, 1.21, 1.14 and 1.15 when mites fed the same kinds of pollen, respectively. The tested plant pollen is considered a suitable alternative food source and meet the nutritional requirements of E. scutalis in Hail, Saudi Arabia. © 2011 Academic Journals Inc. Source


The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiology of tobacco smoking, toombak dipping and alcohol consumption as risk factors for cancer in the adult population of the northern state of Sudan. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey from March to April 2010, covering 963 adults, was performed. Result: Only 207 had responded, and the male female prevalence was 20.8% and 0.73%. Out of 207 respondents, 29.5% had smoked tobacco in their lifetime, 38% were toombak dippers, while 14% were consumers of alcoholic beverages. Conclusions: The prevalence of toombak dipping was higher than tobacco smoking among the adult population in the northern state of Sudan. Female participation in tobacco and alcohol related studies was found to suffer from major obstacles since these habits are considered as social stigma. Appreciation of the full impact of smoking on population health will definitely make a major contribution to improvement of the poor public health situation in Sudan. Source


Akhtar S.,Bahauddin Zakariya University | Sarker M.R.,University of Oregon | Hossain A.,Hail University
Critical Reviews in Microbiology | Year: 2014

Current food safety issues are deleteriously reshaping the life style of the population in the developing world. Socioeconomic status of the population in poorer economies is one of the major determinants to delineate the availability of safe food to the vulnerable population. Assessment of the prevalence of foodborne illness in developing world is the most neglected area to control disease. Botulism, Shigellosis, Campylobacteriosis, Escherichia coli infection, Staphylococcus aureus infection, Salmonellosis, Listeriosis and Cholerae are extensively prevalent and pose a major threat to human health in underdeveloped communities. The existing food safety status of many African, South Asian, Central, and South American developing countries is distressing therefore; it seems much timely to highlight the areas for the improvement to ensure the supply of safe food to the population in these regions. Extensive literature search at PubMed, Science Direct and Medline was carried out during the current year to catch on relevant data from 1976 to date, using selective terms like food safety, South East Asia, Africa, Central and South America, and foodborne illness etc. Efforts were made to restrict the search to low income countries of these regions with reference to specific foodborne pathogens. This report briefly discusses the present food safety situation in these developing countries and associated consequences as prime issues, suggesting foodborne illness to be the most distressing threat for human health and economic growth. © 2014 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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