Beirut, Lebanon
Beirut, Lebanon

Haigazian University is a higher education institution founded in 1955 in Beirut, Lebanon. It offers programs leading to Bachelor's degrees in the Arts and science as well as Business Administration and Economics, in addition to Master's degrees in the Arts, science and Business Administration. All degrees from Haigazian are recognized by the Lebanese government and the Association of International Colleges and Universities. It is supported by the Armenian Evangelical community, and was established primarily to meet the needs of the large Lebanese-Armenian population. However, the university is open to all students, regardless of race, nationality, or creed, and has professors and student body from all sections of Lebanese society. Wikipedia.

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Khakhar P.,Haigazian University | Ahmed Z.U.,Academy for Global Business Advancement | Ahmed Z.U.,American University of Ras Al Khaimah
Journal of Transnational Management | Year: 2017

This article examines the bases of social power, namely individual information power, expert power, legitimate power, and referent power on successful international business negotiations (IBNs). The author conducted an online survey among international business executives working in the UK for multinational corporation subsidiaries who were asked to report on the success of their most recent negotiating experience in terms of cooperative (integrative) and competitive (distributive) outcomes. Information power, expert power, and referent power were supported by these results in terms of significance. Unexpectedly, however, information power was positively correlated with integrative or cooperative outcomes and processes. The correlation related to legitimate power was negative but not statistically significant so this hypothesis was not supported. Our results not only contribute to international negotiation theory, but also can assist in the selection and training of practitioners. The academic contribution of this study also relates to model exploration. It brings causal statistical objectivity to qualitatively developed concepts as an essential step in development of knowledge. These theoretical and managerial implications of the study are examined. Furthermore, directions for future research that build on the findings of the study are indicated. © 2017 Taylor & Francis.


PubMed | Haigazian University, American University of Beirut, University of Balamand and American University of Science and Technology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Mediterranean journal of hematology and infectious diseases | Year: 2016

The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence, gender differences, and time trends of Sickle Cell Trait in the Southern Suburb of Beirut, Lebanon, as well as to highlight the importance of screening for Sickle Cell Trait carriers in this population. Another objective was to describe a new screening technique for Sickle Cell Trait carriers.This was a retrospective cohort study carried out at a private laboratory in the Southern Suburb of Beirut, Lebanon between 2002 and 2014. The sickling test was carried out for each patient using two methods: the classical sodium metabisulfite sickling test, and the new sickling test method used in the private lab. As a confirmatory test, hemoglobin electrophoresis was run on a random sample of 223 cases which were found to be positive using the two sickling tests.A total of 899 cases were found to be positive for the sickle cell trait out of 184,105 subjects screened during the 12-year period, prevalence = 0.49% (95% CI: 0.46 - 0.52). Among the total sample, females were found to have higher prevalence, where no time trend over the studied period was noted. The haemoglobin electrophoresis method confirmed the results of this new sickling test technique among the random sample of the 223 cases.We found that the prevalence of sickle cell trait is lower as compared to other Arab countries, higher in females, with no significant time trend. The sickle cell test was found to be an accurate, simple and cheap test that could be easily added as a requirement for the pre-marital testing to screen for Sickle Cell Trait carriers.


Almawi W.Y.,Arabian Gulf University | Nemr R.,University Medical Center Rizk Hospital | Keleshian S.H.,Haigazian University | Echtay A.,Rafic Hariri University Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice | Year: 2013

Aim: Recent genome-wide association scans (GWAS) and replication studies have expanded the list of validated type 2 diabetes (T2DM) susceptibility loci. We replicated T2DM association of 19 SNPs from 15 candidate loci in Lebanese Arabs. Methods: Case-control association study, comprising 995 T2DM patients and 1076 control participants. We genotyped by the allelic discrimination method 19 SNPs in/near ADAM30, NOTCH2, THADA, TMEFF2, COL8A1, ADAMTS9-AS2, WFS1, JAZF1, SLC30A8, KCNQ1, LOC387761, ALX4, TSPAN8, FTO, and HNF1. Results: Allele frequencies of the tested SNPs were comparable with those of Caucasians. COL8A1 rs792837 (P=2.9×10-9), KCNQ1 rs2237892 (P=1.8×10-18) and rs2237895 (P=0.002), ALX4 rs729287 (Pc=7.5×10-5), and HNF1 rs4430796 (P=0.003) were significantly associated with T2DM, with similar effect sizes to those of Europeans. While FTO rs8050136 and rs17817449, ADAMTS9 rs4607103, and WFS1 rs10010131 were initially associated with T2DM, this was lost upon multiple testing correction. The remaining variants were not associated with T2DM, possibly resulting from insufficient power to detect smaller allele effects. Conclusion: In addition to previous findings on the association of IGF2BP2, CDKAL1, TCF7L2 variants with T2DM among Lebanese, here we extend these by validating the association of five additional loci with T2DM in Lebanese Arabs. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


Halaoui H.F.,Haigazian University
World Congress on Internet Security, WorldCIS-2011 | Year: 2011

Guidance and driving direction traffic systems are being used increasingly and becoming popular more among Geographical Information Systems. Yahoo maps, MapQuest, and Google Earth are examples of online Internet applications. Vehicles navigation systems are also very popular examples. Calculating the best driving path (shorter in distance or faster in time) between two addresses is subject to many factors like distances, road situation, road traffic, road legal rules and others. STOS (Smart Traffic Online System), our previous work, presents an intelligent solution for finding a fast path between addresses using smart algorithms. However, STOS does not recognize the delays caused by traffic legal rules and laws like traffic lights, stop signs, and others. This paper presents the driving traffic problem, factors affecting the problem, and previous solutions. We extend our previous smart solution, STOS, by adding the traffic legal rules delays. © 2011 WorldCIS.


Ladan M.I.,Haigazian University
World Congress on Internet Security, WorldCIS-2011 | Year: 2011

Web services have emerged as a new Web-based technology paradigm for exchanging information on the Internet using platform-neutral standards, such as XML and adopting Internet-based protocols. They offer greater accessibility of data, dynamic establishment of inter-service relationships and communication paths, inter-applications interactions and data interchange on different platforms in different locations without or with a minimal amount of direct human involvement, and a high degree of service autonomy. Most, if not all, of these features are in conflict with traditional security models and controls and hence introduce new security challenges that are different than traditional security issues. This paper presents and classifies the new security challenges introduced by Web services, and summarizes the current existing techniques on dealing with such challenges. © 2011 WorldCIS.


Ladan M.I.,Haigazian University
Proceedings - 2014 International Conference on Future Internet of Things and Cloud, FiCloud 2014 | Year: 2014

The Internet technology is creating huge opportunities to expand existing businesses and forming what is called New Economy, Global Economy, or Electronic-Commerce (E-Commerce). E-Commerce describes business transactions, customer services, ordering, delivery and payment, and intra-business tasks that make use of the public internet and the digital networked computing environment that links organizations and individuals in business, industry, government, and the home. However, many organizations are intimidated by the new technologies, unsure of how to take advantage of them, and wondering how these technologies will support existing investments in skills and infrastructures. In addition, this new type of economy or commerce comes with a lot of challenges especially those related to trust and security issues. In this paper, the different types of security issues facing e-commerce systems will be presented and categorized, in addition, general guidelines and measures on how to deal with these security issues to protect e-commerce systems will be presented and discussed. © 2014 IEEE.


Halaoui H.F.,Haigazian University
2012 International Conference for Internet Technology and Secured Transactions, ICITST 2012 | Year: 2012

Traffic direction systems in addition to other Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are becoming more popular every day. Applications like Yahoo maps, MapQuest, and Google Earth are online examples of such systems designed to help users locate their destinations or reach it. The need of Vehicles Global Positioning Systems (GPS) is also increasing. Calculating the best driving path (shorter in distance or faster in time) between two addresses is subject to many factors like distances, road situation, road traffic, road legal rules and others. Knowing whether we can make it to our destination on time is also a hard question and subject to additional factors like car situation, arrival time, moving time, traffic at destination, and others. In this paper we present our smart system STOS, which uses an intelligent algorithm and intelligent graph structure. We also extend STOS and use it with uncertainty factors that may affect our trip to give a logical answer of whether we can reach our destination on time. © 2012 Infonomics Society.


Halaoui H.F.,Haigazian University
International Conference on Information Society, i-Society 2014 | Year: 2015

Driving direction applications are becoming an essential need in any mobile device. This paper presents the use of smart heuristic functions, smart algorithms, as well as an efficient data structure to find an efficient path between multiple points (addresses) rather than one destination. Our main approach uses our suggested smart algorithm (A∗Multiple) to determine the best path between multiple destinations. The approach extends our previously suggested algorithm called A∗Traffic as well as our previously suggested structure the Time-Weighted Graph. © 2014 Infonomics Society.


Ladan M.I.,Haigazian University
Communications in Computer and Information Science | Year: 2010

The Web Services technology has received a significant amount of attention in recent years because it allows people to easily utilize and integrate existing software applications to create new business services. With the increase of interest and popularity of Web Services, web applications are developed. This new way of software development brings out new issues for Web Service testing to ensure the quality of service that are published, bound, invoked and integrated at runtime. Testing services and service-centric systems poses new challenges to traditional testing approaches. Several Web Services testing approaches were developed to address these new challenges. This paper presents a survey and a classification of the main existing Web Services testing approaches. © 2010 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Halaoui H.F.,Haigazian University
2010 International Conference on Information Society, i-Society 2010 | Year: 2010

Driving direction traffic Systems are becoming needed systems among many Geographical Information systems (GIS's) by many kinds of users. Yahoo maps, MapQuest, and Google Earth are examples of online Internet applications. Vehicles GPS or what is known as navigation systems are also examples. Calculating the best driving path (shorter in distance or faster in time) between two addresses is subject to many factors. Some of these factors are distances, road situation, road traffic and others. This paper presents the driving traffic problem and a solution for finding an efficient path between two points (addresses) having a number factors. It discusses spatial databases, current solutions, and finally presents a smart solution that is an extension previous solution using A* (an artificial intelligent algorithm) and A*Traffic (a variation of A*, proposed in a previous paper). The new solution uses time as the main factor in the graph representing the road network. © 2010 i-Society.

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