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Wilson C.,The Binding Site Group | Ebling R.,King's College | Henig C.,Haifa and Western Galilee Laboratory | Adler T.,Haifa and Western Galilee Laboratory | And 8 more authors.
Clinical Biochemistry | Year: 2013

Objectives: Accurate measurement of IgG subclass (IgGSc) levels are essential to aid in the diagnosis of disease states such as primary immunodeficiencies. However, there is no single standardisation of nephelometric and turbidimetric assays for these analytes and two reference materials have been utilised. We expand on previous reports and present data from a multi-site analysis that both identifies and quantitatively defines the differences in calibration resulting from the use of different reference materials. Design and methods: IgGSc antibodies in the serum specimens and reference materials were measured according to the manufacturers' instructions using commercially available IgGSc assays or components. Results: Data from four independent sites showed that in spite of the different commercial suppliers of IgGSc assays calibrating to diffe1rent reference materials, ERM-DA470k and WHO67 /97, the resulting calibrations were comparable for IgG1 and IgG2. However, for IgG3 and IgG4 the calibrations were significantly different. The use of assay specific normal ranges should compensate for these calibration differences, however, the two manufacturers' assays can give differing clinical classifications. The agreement between the different manufacturers' IgGSc assays was between 85.1% and 95.8% for all IgGSc assays, the discordance of sample classification for IgG1 and IgG2 assays was approximately 12% and 15% respectively, whilst that for IgG3 and IgG4 was 4% and 13% respectively. Conclusion: We discuss the similarities and differences between assays that utilise the different reference materials. © 2013.

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