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Randi M.L.,University of Padua | Geranio G.,University of Padua | Bertozzi I.,University of Padua | Micalizzi C.,Gaslini Institute | And 18 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology

Summary: Sporadic essential thrombocythaemia (ET) is rare in paediatrics, and the diagnostic and clinical approach to paediatric cases cannot be simply copied from experience with adults. Here, we assessed 89 children with a clinical diagnosis of ET and found that 23 patients (25·8%) had a clonal disease. The JAK2 V617F mutation was identified in 14 children, 1 child had the MPL W515L mutation, and 6 had CALR mutations. The monoclonal X-chromosome inactivation pattern was seen in six patients (two with JAK2 V617F and two with CALR mutations). The other 66 patients (74·2%) had persistent thrombocytosis with no clonality. There were no clinical or haematological differences between the clonal and non-clonal patients. The relative proportion of ET-specific mutations in the clonal children was much the same as in adults. The higher prevalence of non-clonal cases suggests that some patients may not have myeloproliferative neoplasms, with significant implications for their treatment. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

Giona F.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Putti M.C.,University of Padua | Micalizzi C.,Gaslini Research Institute of Genoa | Menna G.,Paediatric Haematology Unit | And 18 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology

Imatinib mesylate (IM) is used for the management of childhood chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). The most effective dosage of IM and its long-term efficacy in children are not well defined. The purpose of this multicentre study is to report on the long-term results of high-dose IM (340 mg/m2/d) in CML patients in chronic phase (CP-CML) aged <18 years at diagnosis. A total of 47 CP-CML patients with a median age at diagnosis of 11 years 9 months were enrolled in nine Italian centres. Complete cytogenetic response was achieved in 91·5% of the evaluable patients at a median time of 6 months. BCR-ABL1 International Scale ≤ 0·1% (major molecular response; MMR) and ≤0·01% (molecular response; MR) at 12 months were 66·6% and 33%, respectively. During follow-up, MMR and MR were achieved in 78·6% and 61% of children, respectively. IM was safely discontinued in 3 long-term treated children with a durable MR. Twelve patients (eight cytogenetic/molecular responders) underwent stem cell transplantation. The progression-free survival probabilities at 96 months for responding patients who continued IM and for those transplanted were 60% and 50%, respectively. After a median follow-up of 52 months (range 3–146), all patients are alive. High-dose IM is a long-term effective therapy in children and adolescents with CP-CML. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd Source

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