Hackensack University Medical Center Hackensack
Hackensack University Medical Center Hackensack
Tiao J.,University of Pennsylvania |
Feng R.,University of Pennsylvania |
Berger E.M.,Hackensack University Medical Center Hackensack |
Brandsema J.F.,Children's Hospital of Philadelphia |
And 16 more authors.
British Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2017
Background: The Cutaneous Dermatomyositis Disease Area and Severity Index (CDASI) and Cutaneous Assessment Tool-Binary Method (CAT-BM) have been shown to be reliable and valid outcome measures to assess cutaneous disease in adult dermatomyositis (DM) and juvenile DM (JDM), respectively. Objectives: This study compared the CDASI and CAT-BM for use by paediatric dermatologists, paediatric rheumatologists and paediatric neurologists in patients with JDM. Methods: Five paediatric dermatologists, five paediatric rheumatologists and five paediatric neurologists each evaluated 14 patients with JDM using the CDASI, CAT-BM, and skin Physician Global Assessment (PGA) scales. Inter-rater reliability, intra-rater reliability, construct validity and completion time were compared. Results: Inter-rater reliability for CDASI activity and damage scores was good to moderate for paediatric dermatologists and rheumatologists, but poor for paediatric neurologists. The inter-rater reliability for CAT-BM activity scores was moderate for paediatric dermatologists and rheumatologists, but poor for paediatric neurologists and poor across all specialties for damage scores. Intra-rater reliability for the CDASI and CAT-BM activity and damage scores was moderate to excellent for paediatric dermatologists, rheumatologists and neurologists. Strong associations were found between skin PGA activity and damage scores and CDASI or CAT-BM activity and damage scores, respectively (P < 0·002). The CDASI had a mean completion time of 5·4 min compared with that for the CAT-BM of 3·1 min. Conclusions: Our data confirm the reliability of the CDASI activity and damage scores and the CAT-BM activity scores when used by paediatric dermatologists and rheumatologists in assessing JDM. Significant variation existed in the paediatric neurologists' scores. © 2017 British Association of Dermatologists.
Lee S.J.,Johns Hopkins University |
Levitsky K.,Onyx Pharmaceuticals |
Parlati F.,Calithera Biosciences |
Bennett M.K.,Calithera Biosciences |
And 13 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology | Year: 2016
While proteasome inhibition is a validated therapeutic approach for multiple myeloma (MM), inhibition of individual constitutive proteasome (c20S) and immunoproteasome (i20S) subunits has not been fully explored owing to a lack of effective tools. We utilized the novel proteasome constitutive/immunoproteasome subunit enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ProCISE) assay to quantify proteasome subunit occupancy in samples from five phase I/II and II trials before and after treatment with the proteasome inhibitor carfilzomib. Following the first carfilzomib dose (15-56 mg/m2), dose-dependent inhibition of c20S and i20S chymotrypsin-like active sites was observed [whole blood: ≥67%; peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs): ≥75%]. A similar inhibition profile was observed in bone marrow-derived CD138+ tumour cells. Carfilzomib-induced proteasome inhibition was durable, with minimal recovery in PBMCs after 24 h but near-complete recovery between cycles. Importantly, the ProCISE assay can be used to quantify occupancy of individual c20S and i20S subunits. We observed a relationship between MM patient response (n = 29), carfilzomib dose and occupancy of multiple i20S subunits, where greater occupancy was associated with an increased likelihood of achieving a clinical response at higher doses. ProCISE represents a new tool for measuring proteasome inhibitor activity in clinical trials and relating drug action to patient outcomes. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
PubMed | Hackensack University Medical Center Hackensack
Type: Evaluation Studies | Journal: In vivo (Athens, Greece) | Year: 2013
The effects of 3,3-diindolylmethane (DIM) together with the Gardasil vaccine on cervical histology were evaluated using the K14-HPV16-transgenic mouse model. The possibility that DIM could enhance the efficacy of this preventive vaccine in this model was explored.Transgenic mice were given 1000 mg/kg of DIM in the diet for 28 weeks. The mice were injected with Gardasil Quadrivalent HPV vaccine. Some mice were sacrificed at 28 weeks. Other groups were removed from the DIM diet after 28 weeks to a diet with no DIM for either 4 or 8 weeks.Cervical histology indicated that a high percentage of transgenic mice fed DIM and vaccinated with Gardasil manifested normal cervical epitheliums at 4 weeks after DIM discontinuation.Vaccination pre-supplemented with DIM may provide with a window of protection of at least four weeks in this transgenic model. However, extrapolation to the effect in humans is beyond the limited scope of the histological data presented here.