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Debrecen, Hungary

Bodnar Z.,Hospital de Torrevieja | Szentkereszty Z.,Intensive Care Unit | Hajdu Z.,Gyula Kenezy Teaching Hospital | Boissonneault G.A.,University of Kentucky | Sipka S.,Debrecen University
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery | Year: 2011

Background: Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) can cause high mortality. Recently, we found that IAH was associated with increased serum levels of adenosine and interleukin 10. Our present "hypothesis-generated study" was based on the abovementioned results. Materials and methods: In this uncontrolled clinical trial, a total of 78 patients with IAH were enrolled representing a 13-20 mmHg range of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP). Patients requiring surgical abdominal decompression were excluded. Patients were treated with the following protocols: standard supportive therapy (ST, n = 38) or ST plus infusion with the adenosine receptor antagonist theophylline (T, n = 40). Over the 5-day measurement period, IAP was monitored continuously and serum adenosine concentration and other clinical and laboratory measurements were monitored daily. Mortality was followed for the first 30 days following the diagnosis of IAH. Results: Mortality of ST patients was 55%, which is compatible to other studies. Serum adenosine concentration was found to be directly proportional to IAP. Of the 40 patients receiving T treatment, survival was 100%. An increased survival related to theophylline infusion correlated with improving serum concentrations of IL-10, urea, and creatinine, as well as 24-h urine output, fluid balance, mean arterial pressure, and O 2Sat. Conclusions: Adenosine receptor antagonism with T following IAH diagnosis resulted in markedly reduced mortality in patients with moderated IAH (<20 mmHg). Theophylline-associated mortality reduction may be related to improved renal perfusion and improved MAP, presumably caused by adenosine receptor blockade. Because this study was not a randomized controlled study, these compelling observations require further multicentric clinical confirmation. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

Bodnar Z.,Gyula Kenezy Teaching Hospital | Keresztes T.,Debrecen University | Kovacs I.,Debrecen University | Hajdu Z.,Gyula Kenezy Teaching Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery | Year: 2010

Background: Increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP), intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are severe complications of surgical interventions with a high rate of mortality. The technique of IAP measurement is accurate, precise, reproducible and cost-effective. However, laboratory measures for monitoring of IAH have not been defined. We investigated the linkage between the serum levels of adenosine and interleukin 10 (IL-10) with IAP. Methods: The sera of 25 surgical patients with IAP <12 mmHg and of 45 surgical patients with IAP >12 mmHg were tested. Serum adenosine concentration was measured by HPLC. Serum IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, TNFα, IFNγ and IL-10 were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). CRP was measured by nephelometry. Results: Significant correlations of IAP were found only with serum levels of adenosine and IL-10. In the sera of patients with IAP >12 mmHg, the levels of both adenosine (1.61 versus 0.06 μM, p < 0.01) and IL-10 (63.23 versus 27.27 pg/ml, p < 0.01) were significantly higher than those in patients with IAP <12 mmHg. Moreover, significant correlations were found between individual patient IAP-adenosine values (r = 0.766, p < 0.001), IAP-IL-10 values (r = 0.792, p < 0.001) and adenosine-IL-10 values (r = 0.888, p < 0.001). A direct linear correlation between IAP-adenosine and IAP-10 values was only observed with IAP >15 (Grade II-IV). Conclusion: We report associations between IAP and the serum adenosine and IL-10 levels providing new tools for the laboratory monitoring of IAH as well as further understanding of the pathomechanisms contributing to ACS. © 2009 Springer-Verlag.

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