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Marina di Pisa, Italy

Bertelloni S.,Adolescent Medicine | Dati E.,Gynecology and Pediatrics | Valetto A.,Laboratory of Medical Genetics | Bertini V.,Laboratory of Medical Genetics | And 2 more authors.
Hormones | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND: Mixed gonadal dysgenesis (MGD) is a rare disorder. Short stature is a well known feature of this condition. Although growth hormone (GH) treatment has been suggested to treat growth impairment, conflicting data surround this issue. CASE REPORT: We report on long-term growth hormone (GH) therapy at pharmacological doses (0.33 mg/kg/week) in a boy (age 4.6 years) with MGD [karyotype 45,X/46,X,idic(Yp)]. An untreated boy of similar karyotype and growth delay served as control. The treated boy showed a progressive improvement of stature during GH administration. His height completely normalized after 6.5 years of treatment and he reached his target height centile before puberty onset. In the untreated boy, no improvement of growth pattern was found. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that short boys with MGD and 45,X/46,X,idic(Yp) karyotype may benefit from early GH therapy at pharmacological doses. Evaluation of larger patient samples and additional follow-up till final height are needed to reach definitive conclusions as to the optimal growth-promoting therapy for this disorder of sex development. © 2015, Hellenic Endocrine Society. All rights reserved. Source

Chiocca E.,Gynecology and Pediatrics | Dati E.,Gynecology and Pediatrics | Baroncelli G.I.,Gynecology and Pediatrics | Cassio A.,University of Bologna | And 6 more authors.
The Scientific World Journal | Year: 2012

Background. Few data are available on quarterly 11.25mg GnRH analog treatment in central precocious puberty (CPP). Aim. To assess the efficacy of triptorelin 11.25mg in children with CPP. Patients. 17 patients (16 females) with CPP (7.9±0.9 years) were treated with triptorelin 11.25mg/90 days. Methods. Gonadotropins, basal-, and GnRH-stimulated peak, gonadal steroids, and pubertal signs were assessed at preinclusion and at inclusion visit, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months of treatment. Results. At 3, 6, and 12 months, all patients had suppressed LH peak (<3IU/L after GnRH stimulation), as well as prepubertal oestradiol levels. Mean LH peak values after GnRH test significantly decreased from 25.7±16.5 IU/L at baseline to 0.9±0.5 IU/L at M3 (P<0.0001); they did not significantly changed at M6 and M12. Conclusions. Triptorelin 11.25mg/90 days efficiently suppressed the pituitary-gonadal axis in children with CPP from first administration. Copyright © 2012 Elena Chiocca et al. Source

Bertelloni S.,Gynecology and Pediatrics | Baroncelli G.I.,Gynecology and Pediatrics | Mora S.,San Raffaele Scientific Institute
Sexual Development | Year: 2010

Sex steroids are main regulators of skeletal growth, maturation and mass in both men and women. People with disorders of sex development (DSD) may experience problems in developing normal bone growth, structure and mass, because abnormal sex steroid secretion or action may be operative. In complete androgen insensitivity syndrome several reports documented reduced bone mineral density (BMD). Reduced BMD is evident in patients with not removed or removed gonads, but it is poorer in the latter, mainly when compliance with estrogen replacement therapy is not guaranteed. Large impairment of BMD does not seem to be present in patients with partial androgen insensitivity syndrome or 5α-reductase-2 deficiency, providing that gonads are not removed or that substitutive therapy is optimized. In congenital adrenal hyperplasia, BMD may be impaired as a result of not optimal glucocorticoid administration. In Turner syndrome, impaired BMD may result from the combined actions of estrogen deficiency, low bone dimensions, altered bone geometry, deficient cortical bone, and trabecular bone loss. Optimal estrogen administration seems to be important in preserving bone mass and enhancing trabecular bone volume. On the whole, bone health represents a main clinical issue for the management of persons with disorders of sex differentiation, and well designed longitudinal studies should be developed to improve their bone health and well-being. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Dati E.,Adolescent Medicine | Valetto A.,Gynecology and Pediatrics | Bertini V.,Gynecology and Pediatrics | Chiocca E.,Adolescent Medicine | And 3 more authors.
Sexual Development | Year: 2011

45,X maleness is a very rare disorder. We report on 2 new 45,X males aged 9 10/12 and 39 years, respectively. The boy presented for developmental delay, while the man was referred to us because of infertility. Both patients showed short stature (boy -2.29 SDS, man -4.05 SDS) and an unbalanced translocation of Yp, including SRY, onto the long arm of chromosome 10 and short arm of chromosome 14, respectively. The growth pattern of the 2 patients and literature data suggest the presence of a specific growth gene in the pericentrometric region of Yq. In addition, developmental delay in some 45,X males may be related to specific deletion of telomeric autosome regions, but involvement of gene(s) on the Y chromosome may play a role as well. Albeit in the boy inhibin B levels were in the normal range for age, azoospermia was demonstrated in the adult, supporting that infertility is a feature of adult 45,X men with AZFa-c deletion. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Mazzanti L.,Marche Polytechnic University | Battino M.,Marche Polytechnic University | Nanetti L.,Marche Polytechnic University | Raffaelli F.,Marche Polytechnic University | And 6 more authors.
Endocrine | Year: 2015

Osteoporosis represents a serious health problem worldwide associated with an increased risk of fractures and mortality. Nutrition should form part of bone disease prevention strategies, especially in the light of the population ageing and the diet effect on bone health. Thus the study aimed at verifying whether 1 year of oral supplementation with either extra virgin olive oil (VOO) enriched with vitamins D3, K1 and B6 (VitVOO) or VOO used as placebo (PlaVOO) is able to modify some bone turnover and oxidative stress markers. Bone mineral density (BMD) was assessed in 60 healthy post-menopausal women together with the bone vitamin K status by measuring undercarboxylated osteocalcine (ucOC) plasma levels, the ratio between ucOC and carboxylated osteocalcine (UCR) and the relations with oxidative stress markers. After 1 year (T1), subjects taking VitVOO showed lower ucOC levels than those taking PlaVOO; the same trend was found for UCR. As far as BMD is concerned, a significant increase in T-score at T1 in VitVOO subjects compared to PlaVOO was found. All oxidative stress markers as thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, lipid hydroperoxides and conjugated dienes showed a significant reduction after VitVOO supplementation, whilst plasma total antioxidant capacity values was significantly increased in VitVOO group compared to PlaVOO group at T1. It might be suggested that the use of VitVOO in the diet of post-menopausal women could represent a proper tool for bone protection and a useful strategy against oxidative stress and related diseases, thus confirming the antioxidant role played by the added vitamins. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

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