Gyeongsangnamdo Livestock Promotion Research Institute

Sancheong, South Korea

Gyeongsangnamdo Livestock Promotion Research Institute

Sancheong, South Korea

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PubMed | Gyeongsangnamdo Livestock Promotion Research Institute
Type: | Journal: Journal of animal science and technology | Year: 2015

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on the performance of lactating sows and piglets as well as the immunity of piglets suckling from sows fed CLA. Eighteen multiparous Duroc sows with an average body weight (BW) of 232.06.38 kg were randomly selected and assigned to two dietary treatments (n=9 for each treatment), control (no CLA addition) and 1% CLA supplementation. For the control diet, CLA was replaced with soybean oil. Experimental diets were fed to sows during a 28-day lactation period. Litter size for each sow was standardized to nine piglets by cross-fostering within 24 hours after birth. Sow milk and blood samples were taken from sows and piglets after 21 and 27 days of lactation, respectively. Loss of BW was significantly (p<0.05) higher in sows fed control diet compared to sows fed CLA diet. Piglet weights at weaning and weight gain during suckling were significantly (p < 0.05) higher in sows fed CLA compared to sows fed control diet. Serum non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) and urea nitrogen concentrations were significantly (p < 0.05) lower in sows fed CLA than in sows fed soybean oil. IgG concentrations of the groups supplemented with CLA increased by 49% in sow serum (p < 0.0001), 23% in milk (p < 0.05), and 35% in piglet serum (p < 0.05) compared with the control group. Sows fed CLA showed an increase of 10% in milk yield compared with sows fed soybean oil (p < 0.05), even though there was no difference in daily feed intake between the treatments. Milk fat content was significantly (p < 0.05) lower in sows fed CLA than in sows fed soybean oil. Solid-not-fat yield was significantly (p < 0.05) higher in sows supplemented with CLA than in sows fed control diet and also protein-to-fat ratio in milk was significantly (p < 0.05) higher in sows fed CLA compared with the control group. The results show that CLA supplementation to sows increased milk yield without losing BW during lactation, whereas soybean oil supplementation resulted in severe BW loss.


Bang W.Y.,Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology | Kim S.W.,Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology | Kwon S.G.,Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology | Hwang J.H.,Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology | And 8 more authors.
Animal Genetics | Year: 2013

Using a methyl-DNA immunoprecipitation technique in combination with next-generation deep sequencing, we conducted comprehensive DNA methylation profiling of liver genomes from three pig breeds: Berkshire, Duroc and Landrace. The profiles revealed that the distribution patterns of methylation signals along the genome are conserved among the three pig breeds. Specifically, many signals in coding genes were found in introns, and most signals in the repetitive elements were identified in non-long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons such as long and short interspersed repetitive elements, implying a significant association with alternative splicing and expression of retrotransposable elements respectively. Differentially methylated regions among the three pig breeds were identified in the non-LTR retrotransposons, suggesting that they may lead to differential retrotransposable element activity. Altogether, this study provides advanced swine methylome data and valuable resources for understanding the function of DNA methylation in the evolutionary divergence of different pig breeds. © 2013 The Authors, Animal Genetics © 2013 Stichting International Foundation for Animal Genetics.


Kwon S.G.,Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology | Kwon S.G.,South Korean National Institute of Animal Science | Kwon S.G.,Gyeongsangnamdo Livestock Promotion Research Institute | Bang W.Y.,Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology | And 35 more authors.
Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics | Year: 2013

The NADPH-dependent reduction activities of two paralogous pig AKR1C1s with and without 19 additional amino acid residues in C-terminus were evaluated against steroid hormones including 5α-dihydrotestosterone, testosterone, progesterone, androstenedione and 5α-androstane-3,17-dione, which act as substrates of the AKR1C1s. Among the hormones, the AKR1C1s exhibited the highest activity against 5a-dihydrotestosterone and the lowest activity against testosterone and progesterone. Furthermore, the AKR1C1s showed the largest differential activities against 5α-dihydrotestosterone, but no such change of activities was found against progestrone and testosterone. These results suggest that the C-terminal region of AKR1C1 plays an important effect in the reduction activities of pig AKR1C1. Thus, the differential activities of two AKR1C1 paralogs observed in the present study provide important insights in understanding the molecular evolution.

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