Cheong Y.W.,Gyeonggi Science High School |
Lee S.-W.,Seoul National University
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2012
We derive a tight bound between the quality of estimating a quantum state by measurement and the success probability of undoing the measurement in arbitrary dimensional systems, which completely describes the tradeoff relation between the information gain and reversibility. In this formulation, it is clearly shown that the information extracted from a weak measurement is erased through the reversing process. Our result broadens the information-theoretic perspective on quantum measurement as well as provides a standard tool to characterize weak measurements and reversals. © 2012 American Physical Society.
Park G.,Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute |
Park G.,Korea University |
Oh I.-H.,Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute |
Park J.M.S.,Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Crystal Growth | Year: 2016
Neutron scattering studies on low-dimensional quantum spin systems require large-size single-crystals. Single-crystals of (CH3)2NH2CuCl3 showing low-dimensional magnetic behaviors were grown by a slow solvent evaporation method in a two-solvent system at different temperature settings. The best results were obtained for the bilayer solution of methanol and isopropanol with a molar ratio of 2:1 at 35°C. The quality of the obtained single-crystals was tested by powder and single-crystal X-ray diffraction and single-crystal neutron diffraction. In addition, to confirm structural phase transitions (SPTs), thermal analysis and single-crystal X-ray diffraction at 300 K and 175 K, respectively, were conducted, confirming the presence of a SPT at Tup=288 K on heating and Tdown=285 K on cooling. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Chung B.,Pohang University of Science and Technology |
Shin G.W.,Pohang University of Science and Technology |
Hwang H.S.,Pohang University of Science and Technology |
Chung Y.-J.,Catholic University of Korea |
And 2 more authors.
Analytical Biochemistry | Year: 2012
The H1N1 influenza virus has spread worldwide to become pandemic. Here, we developed a new method to discriminate various types of influenza A, including H1N1, using stuffer-free multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification based on a conformation-sensitive separation method, namely capillary electrophoresis-single-strand conformation polymorphism. Unlike conventional methods, our approach precisely detects five relevant gene markers permitting confirmation of infection. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Ham S.W.,Gyeonggi Science High School |
Sim J.K.,Sungkyunkwan University |
Kim Y.D.,Sungkyunkwan University
Applied Chemistry for Engineering | Year: 2013
In the present work, electroless plating was used for coating thin films consisting mainly of Ni and P on carbon fiber. Structural changes appeared upon the post-annealing at various temperatures of the Ni-P film on carbon fiber was studied using various analysis methods. Scanning, a flat surface structure of Ni-P film on carbon fiber was found after electroless plating of Ni-P film on carbon fiber without post-annealing, whereas annealing at 350 °C resulted the formation of porous structures. With increasing the annealing temperature to 650 °C with an interval of 50 °C, the pore size increased, but the density decreased. X-ray diffraction (XRD) showed the existence of metallic Ni, and Ni-P compounds before post-annealing, whereas the post-annealing resulted in the appearance of NiO peaks, and the decrease in the intensity of the peak of metallic Ni. Using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), phosphorous oxides were detected on the surface upon annealing at 650 °C, and 700 °C, which can be attributed to the phosphorous compounds originally existing in the deeper layers of the Ni films, which undergo sublimation and escape from the film upon annealing. Escape of phosphorous species from the bulk of Ni-P film upon annealing could leave a porous structure in the Ni films. Porous materials can be of potential applications in diverse fields due to their interesting physical properties such as high surface area, and methods for fabricating porous Ni films introduced here could be easily applied to a large-scale production, and therefore applicable in diverse fields such as environmental filters.
Yoo H.-J.,Gyeonggi Science High School |
Chung O.-S.,Chungnam Development Institute |
Seo M.,Dankook University
Korean Journal of Parasitology | Year: 2012
Migratory birds have been suspected as playing a central role in transmission of various trematodes, but few surveys have been undertaken in the Republic of Korea. In the present study, we describe new fauna of microphallid flukes in Korea. Two species of microphallids were found in the intestines of 2 migratory bird species, namely the red necked stints (Calidris ruficollis) and the terek sandpiper (Xenus cinereus), in a coastal area of Gunsan-si, Jeollabuk-do. The microphallids recovered from the latter were 451 μm in length and 217 μm in width, and the eggs were very small, 13 μm by 8 μm. They had the characteristic extracecal vitellaria intruding into the median posttesticular area, belonging to Endocotyle incana. Another microphallids were discovered from both migratory birds, 417 μm in length and 249 μm in width. The cirrus was projecting into the genital atrium in form of male papilla, and bounded by a muscular flap, termed pseudogonotyl. They were identified as Spelotrema pseudogonotyla in consideration of the distinctive male papilla and pseudogonotyl. Besides these flukes, Maritrema obstipum and Gynaecotyla squatarolae also were recovered. This paper is in fact the first report on the presence of Spelotrema and Endocotyle in Korea. © 2012, Korean Society for Parasitology.