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Kwak H.S.,Dankook University | Seo J.S.,Gyeonggi do Agricultural Research and Extension Services | Hur Y.,Dankook University | Shim H.-S.,BHD Brewery Co. | And 3 more authors.
Journal of the Institute of Brewing | Year: 2015

The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of yeast strains on the physicochemical characteristics, methanol and acetaldehyde profiles, and volatile compounds of Korean rice distilled spirits. Ten yeast strains were employed for the brewing of distilled spirits and the resulting products were filtered and distilled twice. The amounts of methanol and acetaldehyde for the ten yeasts showed different profiles. Higher amounts of methanol were detected for strains CL, CY, DV, BD, ED and LP, while EC, D2, D4 and RH had <2 mg L-1 methanol content. Strains D2, BD and ED produced the lowest amounts of acetaldehyde. The head portions of the spirits, which started in the fraction that contained <5 mg L-1 of acetaldehyde, were between 7.7% (BD) and 18.2% (LP) of the total fractions. Strains D2, CL and CY produced more alcohol in the body fraction than the other yeasts. The major volatile compounds were esters in the form of fatty acid ethyl esters, such as ethyl palmitate, ethyl myristate and ethyl oleate. Isoamyl alcohol, which is an important volatile compound for rice wine, occupied 0.91-2.24% of the relative peak areas. Strain D2, of the strains tested, appeared to be the most appropriate yeast for Korean distilled spirit based on alcohol production and the high relative peak area of volatile compounds, except for ethanol. Strains CL and CY could also be considered for producing high-quality Korean rice distilled spirits with efficiency and flavour. © 2015 The Institute of Brewing & Distilling.

Kim D.C.,Chungcheongnam do Agricultural Research and Extension Services | Choi H.G.,Chungcheongnam do Agricultural Research and Extension Services | Pak H.S.,Chungcheongnam do Agricultural Research and Extension Services | Lee Y.H.,Chungcheongnam do Agricultural Research and Extension Services | And 3 more authors.
Korean Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology | Year: 2015

The new garden chrysanthemum (Dendranthema grandiflorum Ramat.) cultivar ‘Nuri Ball’ was developed at Yesan Chrysanthemum Experiment Station of Chungcheongnam-do Agricultural Research and Extension Services in 2011. ‘Nuri Ball’ was bred through a cross between the ‘02-145-01’ line as the female parent with yellow flower color and ‘02-04-32’ as the male plant with white flower color in 2004. Three years of adaptation trials were conducted from 2006 to 2009 under natural conditions. This study compared the external shape type with that of ‘White Miri’ and conducted ploidy and RAPD (Random amplified polymorphic DNA) marker analyses. These tests showed that ‘Nuri Ball’ cultivar has its own characteristics compared with the control ‘White Miri’. ‘Nuri Ball’ was a shrub type variety with semi-double flowers of 4.0 cm in width with white petals. It could produce 1025.2 flowers per plant in autumn. Compared with the control ‘White Miri’, ‘Nuri Ball’ was similar in terms of shape and color of flowers, but was different in flower size and number. The natural flowering time of ‘Nuri Ball’ was late September. It had very vigorous growth and an early budding plant. ‘Nuri Ball’ was demonstrated to be a new cultivar based on ploidy test and RAPD analysis. ‘Nuri Ball’ is intended for use as a bed chrysanthemum and expected to contribute to farm incomes in landscaping. © 2015 Korean Society for Horticultural Science.

Won S.Y.,Gyeonggi do Agricultural Research and Extension Services | Seo J.S.,Gyeonggi do Agricultural Research and Extension Services | Kwak H.S.,Dankook University | Lee Y.,Dankook University | And 3 more authors.
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science | Year: 2015

The objective of this study was to compare the effects of adding lactic acid and pectinase, and chaptalization for the quality of apple wine and the production of hazardous compounds (methanol and acetaldehyde). The pH of all of the samples was below 4; therefore, mash seemed to be fermented without any issue. Total acidity was the highest in sample A due to lactic acid addition. Pre-treated groups (samples B, C, and D) showed higher total acidities than that of the control (P<0.05). Pre-treatments might influence the production of organic acids in apple wines. The control and pectinase added sample (sample B) had the lowest alcohol contents. Adding lactic acid produced more alcohol, and chaptalized samples produced more alcohol due to the addition of sugar. Adding pectinase with and without chaptalization was not effective for producing more alcohol. The control sample had significantly higher acetaldehyde content (2.39 mg/L) than the other samples (1.00∼2.07 mg/L); therefore, pre-treatments for apple wine fermentation produced a lower amount of acetaldehyde. Among the pre-treated samples, samples C and D showed the lowest acetaldehyde content of 1.00 mg/L and 1.16 mg/L, respectively. On the other hand, a significantly higher amount of methanol was generated for sample A (1.03 mg/L) and sample D (1.22 mg/L) than that of the control (0.82 mg/L) (P<0.05). Adding lactic acid or chaptalization was effective in reducing methanol and acetaldehyde in apple wines. Copyright © 2015 by The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition. All rights Reserved.

Kang W.S.,Seoul National University | Hong S.S.,Gyeonggi do Agricultural Research and Extension Services | Han Y.K.,Seoul National University | Kim K.R.,National Institute of Meteorological Research | And 2 more authors.
Plant Pathology Journal | Year: 2010

This paper describes a web-based information system for plant disease forecast that was developed for crop growers in Gyeonggi-do, Korea. The system generates hourly or daily warnings at the spatial resolution of 240 m×240 m based on weather data. The system consists of four components including weather data acquisition system, job process system, data storage system, and web service system. The spatial resolution of disease forecast is high enough to estimate daily or hourly infection risks of individual farms, so that farmers can use the forecast information practically in determining if and when fungicides are to be sprayed to control diseases. Currently, forecasting models for blast, sheath blight, and grain rot of rice, and scab and rust of pear are available for the system. As for the spatial interpolation of weather data, the interpolated temperature and relative humidity showed high accuracy as compared with the observed data at the same locations. However, the spatial interpolation of rainfall and leaf wetness events needs to be improved. For rice blast forecasting, 44.5% of infection warnings based on the observed weather data were correctly estimated when the disease forecast was made based on the interpolated weather data. The low accuracy in disease forecast based on the interpolated weather data was mainly due to the failure in estimating leaf wetness events. © The Korean Society of Plant Pathology.

Jang J.-H.,Daejeon University | Yi S.-H.,Korea Food Research Institute | Kim J.-H.,Korea Food Research Institute | Lee D.-H.,Gyeonggi do Agricultural Research and Extension Services | Lee J.-S.,Daejeon University
Korean Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2011

The goal of this study was to develop a high value Korean red wine possessing antihypertension activity. The effects of some medicinal plants and grapes on the alcohol fermentation process and the angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity of Vitis hybrid red wine were investigated. Various Vitis hybrid red wines were vinified by the fermentation of a mixture of Vitis hybrid must and some medicinal plants and grapes at 25°C for 10 days. Of these red wines, the Vitis hybrid-Vitis coignetiae red wine exhibited a high ethanol content of 12.0% and had a good level of acceptability. It also showed a high antihypertensive ACE inhibitory activity of 68.5%. After post-fermentation of 60 days, the ACE inhibitory activities of the Vitis hybrid-Vitis coignetiae red wine exhibited the highest ACE inhibitory activity of 80.7% (IC 50: 28 mg/mL) and also had the best acceptability. The C 18 solid phase extracts of the Vitis hybrid-Vitis coignetiae red wine, after 60 days post-fermentation, showed clear antihypertensive effects on spontaneously hypertensive rats. Our results reveal that the Vitis hybrid-Vitis coignetiae red wine has the potential to become a new functional red wine due to its good acceptability and high antihypertensive activity.

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