Gyeongbuk Agricultural Technology Administration

Daegu, South Korea

Gyeongbuk Agricultural Technology Administration

Daegu, South Korea
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Reza M.A.,Kyungpook National University | Jo W.-S.,Gyeongbuk Agricultural Technology Administration | Park S.-C.,Kyungpook National University
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms | Year: 2012

The present study compares the antitumor activity of extracts from Auricularia auricula-judae, Phellinus gilvus, Ganoderma lucidum, and 100 Korean wild plants in the P388D1 macrophage cell line. The antitumor activity of A. auricula-judae extract (44.21%) did not differ significantly (P < 0.05) from those of Ph. gilvus (39.46%) and G. lucidum (36.64%) at 1 mg/mL of concentration. Among 100 wild plants, Morus bombycis f. kase, Draba nemorosa var. hebecarpa, Sedum oryzifolium, Lotus corniculatus var. japonicus, and Auricularia auricula-judae 70% ethanol extracts inhibited the viability of tumor cells by 41.85%, 37.31%, 30.29%, 31.98%, and 25.40% at 3 mg/mL of concentration, while inhibition concentration (IC50) values were 1.81, 1.49, 1.05, 1.10, and 0.72 mg/mL, respectively. In Sarcoma 180, NCI H358, and SNU 1 cell lines, the inhibitory activities of A. auricula-judae extract were 65.71%, 69.76%, and 68.01%, respectively. Taken together, the results obtained from the present study indicated that four plant extracts (4% of tested wild plants) and A. auricula-judae extract with similar levels of Ph. gilvus and G. lucidum extracts may be new potential antitumor agents. © 2012 Begell House, Inc.


Chang Z.-Q.,Kyungpook National University | Lee J.-S.,Kyungpook National University | Gebru E.,Kyungpook National University | Hong J.-H.,Bio Industry Center | And 3 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2010

β-Glucans are heterogeneous groups of glucose polymers found in the cell walls of fungi, plants and some bacteria. Our previous report showed that a novel β-1,3/1,6-glucan produced from Paenibacillus (P.) polymyxa JB115 can induce nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW264.7 cells. In the present study, the β-glucan significantly increased luciferase activity in cells transfected with NFκB or AP1, but not STAT1, reporter vector DNA, which contain their binding promoter site. All specific NFκB and MAPKs pathway inhibitors (pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate, AG490, U0126, SB203580 and SP600125) remarkably attenuated NO production induced by the β-glucan. Furthermore, Western blot analysis revealed that the stimulation of Raw264.7 cells by β-glucan induced phosphorylation of IκB and the consequent translocation of NFκB into the nucleus. Meanwhile, phosphorylation of ERK1/2, JNK/SAPK and p38 MAPKs in cytoplasm were also confirmed. All these results indicated that β-glucan from P. polymyxa JB115 activates macrophages through MAPKs and NFκB signaling pathway. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Jo W.-S.,Gyeongbuk Agricultural Technology Administration | Park H.-N.,Gyeongbuk Agricultural Technology Administration | Cho D.-H.,Gyeongbuk Agricultural Technology Administration | Yoo Y.-B.,Mushroom | Park S.-C.,Kyungpook National University
Mycobiology | Year: 2011

The ability of Ganoderma to produce extracellular enzymes, including β-glucosidase, cellulase, avicelase, pectinase, xylanase, protease, amylase, and ligninase was tested in chromogenic media. β-glucosidase showed the highest activity, among the eight tested enzymes. In particular, Ganoderma neo-japonicum showed significantly stronger activity for β-glucosidase than that of the other enzymes. Two Ganoderma lucidum isolates showed moderate activity for avicelase; however, Ganoderma neojaponicum showed the strongest activity. Moderate ligninase activity was only observed in Ganoderma neo-japonicum. In contrast, pectinase, amylase, protease, and cellulase were not present in Ganoderma. The results show that the degree of activity of the tested enzymes varied depending on the Ganoderma species tested. © The Korean Society of Mycology.


Jo W.-S.,Gyeongbuk Agricultural Technology Administration | Park H.-N.,Gyeongbuk Agricultural Technology Administration | Cho D.-H.,Gyeongbuk Agricultural Technology Administration | Yoo Y.-B.,Mushroom | Park S.-C.,Kyungpook National University
Mycobiology | Year: 2011

To determine the optimal media conditions for the detection of the extracellular cellulase activity in Ganoderma neo-japonicum, we varied three media conditions: dye reagent, pH, and temperature. We evaluated the use of four dyes, Congo red, phenol red, remazol brilliant blue, and trypan blue. To observe the effect of pH on the chromogenic reaction, we tested media ranging from 4.5 to 8.0. To research the effect of temperature on the clear zone and the fungus growing zone, we tested temperatures ranging from 15 to 35°C. On the whole, the best protocol called for Ganoderma neo-japonicum transfer onto media containing Congo red with a pH of 7.0, followed by incubation at 25°C for 5 days. Our results will be useful to researchers who study extracellular enzyme activity in Ganoderma neo-japonicum. © The Korean Society of Mycology.


Reza M.A.,Kyungpook National University | Hossain M.A.,Kyungpook National University | Lee S.-J.,Kyungpook National University | Yohannes S.B.,Kyungpook National University | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms | Year: 2014

In this study, a dichloromethane fraction (DCMF) from 70% Auricularia auricula-judae ethanol extract showed the highest level of antitumor activity compared to other solvent fractions (ethyl acetate, butanol, and water). The DCMF was found to have more potent antitumor activity against broncheoalveolar cancer (half maximal inhibitory concentration = 57.2 μg/mL) and gastric cancer cells (half maximal inhibitory concentration = 73.2 μg/mL) compared to the other solvent fractions, although all fractions inhibited the proliferation of the tumor cells in a dose-dependent manner. We further analyzed the DCMF composition by gas chromatography-coupled mass spectroscopy. Based on the results of this analysis, an antitumor active component (diazane) was identified in the DCMF. However, we found that diazane alone had a lower level of antitumor activity than the DCMF. These findings indicate that other unknown components of the DCMF also are responsible for the cytotoxic effects of DCMF against tumor cells. Semiquantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis demonstrated that DCMF induced cytotoxicity or tumor cell apoptosis as a result of the downregulation of Bcl-2 expression and p53 overexpression. Taken together, our study results demonstrated that the DCMF may be used as a functional additive for enhancing antioxidant activities and suppressing tumor growth in the body. © 2014 Begell House, Inc.


PubMed | Kyungpook National University, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Iowa State University, Weizmann Institute of Science and Gyeongbuk Agricultural Technology Administration
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of medicinal mushrooms | Year: 2015

Obesity, a rapidly growing threat to human health worldwide, is responsible for a large proportion of the total burden of disease. Therefore, obesity control could be a vital scheme to prevent many diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the activities and mechanism of Auricularia auricula-judae 70% ethanol extract (AAE) in preventing hypolipidemic and hepatic steatosis. A normal diet (ND) and a high-fat diet (HFD) with or without 0.1% (w/w), 0.3% (w/w), and 1% (w/w) AAE were given to male C57BL/6 mice. Plasma lipids and liver enzymes were measured and tissue sections of liver were examined. Further mechanistic studies of mouse 3T3-L1 adipocytes were performed in vitro by verifying triglyceride, glycerol, and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity and messenger RNA expression of adipogenic and lipogenic genes using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction amplification. Body weight and adipose tissue mass were significantly reduced in mice fed an ND and a HFD plus AAE compared with mice fed an HFD. In AAE-supplemented groups, plasma lipids and liver enzymes decreased dose-dependently. AAE suppressed the expression of adipogenic/lipogenic genes (PPAR, C/EBP, FAS) in 3T3-L1 cells without cytotoxicity. These findings suggest that AAE may reduce the risk of hepatic steatosis by modulating plasma lipids via the regulation of adipogenic/lipogenic transcriptional factors. AAE may have interesting applications to improve plasma lipids and liver enzymes.


PubMed | Kyungpook National University, Gyeongbuk Agricultural Technology Administration and Myongji University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of medicinal mushrooms | Year: 2014

In this study, a dichloromethane fraction (DCMF) from 70% Auricularia auricula-judae ethanol extract showed the highest level of antitumor activity compared to other solvent fractions (ethyl acetate, butanol, and water). The DCMF was found to have more potent antitumor activity against broncheoalveolar cancer (half maximal inhibitory concentration = 57.2 g/mL) and gastric cancer cells (half maximal inhibitory concentration = 73.2 g/mL) compared to the other solvent fractions, although all fractions inhibited the proliferation of the tumor cells in a dose-dependent manner. We further analyzed the DCMF composition by gas chromatography-coupled mass spectroscopy. Based on the results of this analysis, an antitumor active component (diazane) was identified in the DCMF. However, we found that diazane alone had a lower level of antitumor activity than the DCMF. These findings indicate that other unknown components of the DCMF also are responsible for the cytotoxic effects of DCMF against tumor cells. Semiquantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis demonstrated that DCMF induced cytotoxicity or tumor cell apoptosis as a result of the downregulation of Bcl-2 expression and p53 overexpression. Taken together, our study results demonstrated that the DCMF may be used as a functional additive for enhancing antioxidant activities and suppressing tumor growth in the body.


PubMed | Kyungpook National University and Gyeongbuk Agricultural Technology Administration
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Mycobiology | Year: 2014

Mushrooms are a recognized component of the human diet, with versatile medicinal properties. Some mushrooms are popular worldwide for their nutritional and therapeutic properties. However, some species are dangerous because they cause toxicity. There are many reports explaining the medicinal and/or toxic effects of these fungal species. Cases of serious human poisoning generally caused by the improper identification of toxic mushroom species are reported every year. Different substances responsible for the fatal signs and symptoms of mushroom toxicity have been identified from various poisonous mushrooms. Toxicity studies of mushroom species have demonstrated that mushroom poisoning can cause adverse effects such as liver failure, bradycardia, chest pain, seizures, gastroenteritis, intestinal fibrosis, renal failure, erythromelalgia, and rhabdomyolysis. Correct categorization and better understanding are essential for the safe and healthy consumption of mushrooms as functional foods as well as for their medicinal use.


PubMed | Gyeongbuk Agricultural Technology Administration
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Mycobiology | Year: 2013

Phellinus genus belonged to Hymenochaetaceae of Basidiomycetes and has been well known as one of the most popular medicinal mushrooms due to high antitumor activity. This study was carried out to obtain the basic information for mycelial culture conditions of Phellinus linteus, P. baumii, and P. gilvus. According to colony diameter and mycelial density, the media for suitable mycelial growth of them were shown in MEA, glucose peptone, and MCM. The optimum temperature for mycelial growth was 30. Carbon and nitrogen sources were mannose and malt extract, respectively. The optimum C/N ratio was 10 : 1 to 5: 1 with 2% glucose concentration, vitamin was thiamine-HCl, organic acid was succinic acid, and mineral salt was MgSO47H2O.


PubMed | Gyeongbuk Agricultural Technology Administration
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Mycobiology | Year: 2013

Present experiments were conducted to determine the possibility of artificial culture with various sawdust of P. gilvus. The pH value was 6.0 of oak sawdust, 6.5 of mulberry sawdust, 6.6 of elm sawdust, 6.3 of acacia sawdust and 6.1 of apple tree sawdust. Mycelial density on elm sawdust and acacia sawdust were lower than those of oak sawdust, and apple sawdust. Weight of fresh fruiting body showed that 179 g on oak tree, 227 g on oak sawdust, 21 g on elm tree, 76 g on elm sawdust, 106 g on apple tree, and 170 g on apple sawdust. Among them, the yield of oak substrates was the highest whereas acacia sawdust was the lowest, and it is concluded that the yields of sawdust substrates were higher than log substrates. P. gilvus grown on various sawdusts and logs used in this study have shown similar in anti-tumor activity against P388.

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