St. Peter, MN, United States

Gustavus Adolphus College
St. Peter, MN, United States

Gustavus Adolphus College is a private liberal arts college affiliated with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America located in St. Peter, Minnesota, United States. A coeducational, four-year, residential institution, it was founded in 1862 by Swedish Americans. To this day the school is firmly rooted in its Swedish and Lutheran heritage. The premier event on campus is the annual Nobel Conference, which features Nobel Laureates and other world-renowned scholars explaining their expertise to a general audience. Wikipedia.

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News Article | April 17, 2017
Site:, a leading resource provider for higher education and career information, has analyzed more than a dozen metrics to rank Minnesota’s best universities and colleges for 2017. Of the 32 four-year schools on the list, Gustavus Adolphus College, St. Catherine University, Saint John’s University, University of Minnesota Twin Cities and The College of Saint Scholastica came in as the top five. 32 two-year schools also made the list, and Hennepin Technical College, Hibbing Community College, North Hennepin Community College, Rochester Community and Technical College and Minnesota State and Technical College were ranked as the best five. A full list of the winning schools is included below. “Creating a healthy, diversified workforce requires a community with a strong educational foundation,” said Wes Ricketts, senior vice president of LearnHowToBecome.Org. “Minnesota provides a variety of college options, and the schools on our list show which offer the best combination of quality education and positive post-college stats for students.” To be included on the “Best Colleges in Minnesota” list, schools must be regionally accredited, not-for-profit institutions. Each college is also analyzed based on more than a dozen data points that include the annual alumni earnings 10 years after entering college, employment resources, student/teacher ratio, graduation rate and financial aid availability. Complete details on each college, their individual scores and the data and methodology used to determine the “Best Colleges in Minnesota” list, visit: Minnesota’s Best Four-Year Colleges for 2017 include the following schools: Augsburg College Bemidji State University Bethany Lutheran College Bethel University Carleton College College of Saint Benedict Concordia College at Moorhead Concordia University-Saint Paul Crown College Gustavus Adolphus College Hamline University Macalester College Martin Luther College Metropolitan State University Minneapolis College of Art and Design Minnesota State University Moorhead Minnesota State University-Mankato North Central University Saint Cloud State University Saint John’s University Saint Mary's University of Minnesota Southwest Minnesota State University St Catherine University St Olaf College The College of Saint Scholastica University of Minnesota-Crookston University of Minnesota-Duluth University of Minnesota-Morris University of Minnesota-Twin Cities University of Northwestern-St Paul University of St Thomas Winona State University Minnesota’s Best Two-Year Colleges for 2017 include: Alexandria Technical & Community College Anoka Technical College Anoka-Ramsey Community College Central Lakes College Century College Dakota County Technical College Fond du Lac Tribal and Community College Hennepin Technical College Hibbing Community College Inver Hills Community College Itasca Community College Lake Superior College Leech Lake Tribal College Mesabi Range Community and Technical College Minneapolis Community and Technical College Minnesota State College - Southeast Technical Minnesota State Community and Technical College Minnesota West Community and Technical College Normandale Community College North Hennepin Community College Northland Community and Technical College Northwest Technical College Pine Technical Community College Rainy River Community College Ridgewater College Riverland Community College Rochester Community and Technical College Saint Paul College South Central College St Cloud Technical and Community College Vermilion Community College White Earth Tribal and Community College About Us: was founded in 2013 to provide data and expert driven information about employment opportunities and the education needed to land the perfect career. Our materials cover a wide range of professions, industries and degree programs, and are designed for people who want to choose, change or advance their careers. We also provide helpful resources and guides that address social issues, financial aid and other special interest in higher education. Information from has proudly been featured by more than 700 educational institutions.

News Article | May 1, 2017

BLOOMINGTON, Minn.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Minnesota Masonic Charities (MMC) today announced the recipients of its 2017 Scholarships Program. As part of its continuing commitment to building a better future for Minnesota, the nonprofit organization provides annual awards to some of the state’s most promising scholars. Since 2008, the organization has provided more than $2 million to fund Minnesota students seeking higher education. By 2018, Minnesota Masonic Charities plans to distribute $1 million annually in merit scholarship awards. “Our scholars reflect the values and character that are important to Masons,” said Eric Neetenbeek, Minnesota Masonic Charities president and CEO. “They demonstrate integrity and dedication – two traits we believe exemplify leadership. We have great faith in the individuals we select for these awards each year.” MMC offers up to 95 scholarship awards annually. The Signature, Legacy, Heritage and Vocational scholarships are made available to high school seniors on an equal opportunity basis, with no discrimination for age, gender, religion, national origin or Masonic affiliation; and an Undergraduate scholarship for up to 20 current college students is also available. All awards range from $1,000 to $5,000 per year, and students may renew their scholarship awards annually, provided they maintain scholastic performance. Please see the following page for a complete list of the 2017 Masonic Scholars. For more information about the Minnesota Masonic Charities Scholarships Program, please contact Kelly Johns, Director of Communications for MMC, at 952-948-6202 or Colton Mowers, Albert Lea (University of Wisconsin, Madison) Lucas Fleissner, Rochester (Iowa State University) Seth Cattanach, Lake Elmo (University of Notre Dame) Katelynne Schatz, Kettle River (College of St. Scholastica) Rachel Pompa, Hermantown (University of Minnesota, Duluth) Karli Weisz, Mora (University of North Dakota) Brock Drevlow, Theif River Falls (Johns Hopkins University) Jack Hedberg, Roseville (University of Minnesota, Twin Cities) Sophia Vrba, Maple Grove (University of Minnesota, Twin Cities) Za Vang, Minneapolis (University of St. Thomas) Sela Fadness, Austin (Hamline University) Tess Hatfield, Hill City (University of Wisconsin, Superior) Isabel Brown, White Bear lake (University of Minnesota, Twin Cities) Taylor Schmidt, Duluth (College of St. Scholastica) Jenifer Weyer, St. Cloud (Winona State University) Anthony Tran Vu, St. Paul (University of St. Thomas) Ryan McMahon, Mahtomedi (University of Minnesota, Twin Cities) Alex Sellner, Fairfax (Gustavus Adolphus College) Nathan Kuhn, Eagan (Southwest Minnesota State University) Caroline Sullivan, Fridley (University of Minnesota, Twin Cities)

Stoll D.R.,Gustavus Adolphus College
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry | Year: 2010

Comprehensive two-dimensional HPLC (2DLC) has been used very successfully in proteomics applications for over a decade. Increasingly we are seeing online, comprehensive 2DLC used for non-proteomic applications. This article gives an overview of the state of the art of this technique, with emphasis on current trends in theory and practice that are exciting and hold the most promise for advancing the performance of 2DLC. Specifically, the recently commercialized small, superficially porous packing materials are very well suited to use in the second dimension of online 2DLC where analysis speed is critical and largely dictates the performance of the 2DLC system. Further, the recent development of optimization schemes and associated software that support the use of different second-dimension elution modes in a single 2DLC analysis will improve the flexibility and effectiveness of 2DLC separations. Excluding separations of peptides, proteins, and polymers, 2DLC systems utilizing reversed-phase separation in one dimension, and either normal phase or reversed-phase in the other dimension continue to be the most popular. Although these systems have been applied mostly to complex biological materials, we are beginning to see applications in the analysis of pharmaceutical materials for ingredient purity and degradation profiling. The general lack of robust, easy-to-use commercially available software is arguably the greatest impediment to wider application of 2DLC methods. This situation is improving slowly, however, and at least two commercially available software packages have been described in the peer-reviewed literature. This is an exciting time in the development of online 2DLC. © Springer-Verlag 2010.

Moos D.C.,Gustavus Adolphus College
Computers and Education | Year: 2014

Think-aloud and self-report data from 85 undergraduates were used to examine the relationship between motivation constructs and metacognition during hypermedia learning. Participants used hypermedia for 30 min to learn about the circulatory system. Think-aloud data were collected during this 30-min learning task to determine the extent to which participants used metacognitive processes related to monitoring: their understanding, the environment, and goals. Additionally, participants completed a self-report questionnaire, which measured various motivation constructs. Results from stepwise regressions indicated that self-efficacy significantly predicted the extent to which participants monitored emerging understanding and relevancy of content in the environment. Additionally, results indicated that extrinsic motivation significantly predicted the extent to which participants monitored their learning task goals with hypermedia. Lastly, results indicated a significant, positive relationship between self-efficacy and prior domain knowledge. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Kloubec J.A.,Gustavus Adolphus College
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research | Year: 2010

Many claims have been made about the effectiveness of Pilates exercise on the basic parameters of fitness. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of Pilates exercise on abdominal endurance, hamstring flexibility, upper-body muscular endurance, posture, and balance. Fifty subjects were recruited to participate in a 12- week Pilates class, which met for 1 hour 2 times per week. Subjects were randomly assigned to either the experimental (n = 25) or control group (n = 25). Subjects performed the essential (basic) mat routine consisting of ;25 separate exercises focusing on muscular endurance and flexibility of the abdomen, low back, and hips each class session. At the end of the 12-week period, a 1-way analysis of covariance showed a significant level of improvement (p ≤ 0.05) in all variables except posture and balance. This study demonstrated that in active middle-aged men and women, exposure to Pilates exercise for 12 weeks, for two 60-minute sessions per week, was enough to promote statistically significant increases in abdominal endurance, hamstring flexibility, and upper-body muscular endurance. Participants did not demonstrate improvements in either posture or balance when compared with the control group. Exercise-training programs that address physical inactivity concerns and that are accessible and enjoyable to the general public are a desirable commodity for exercise and fitness trainers. This study suggests that individuals can improve their muscular endurance and flexibility using relatively low-intensity Pilates exercises that do not require equipment or a high degree of skill and are easy to master and use within a personal fitness routine. © 2010 National Strength and Conditioning Association.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: GEOBIOLOGY & LOW TEMP GEOCHEM | Award Amount: 137.36K | Year: 2012

This project will evaluate the role of riparian (riverbank) vegetation in the transfer of bioavailable forms of silica (Si) from land to sea via rivers. Plants absorb dissolved silica (DSi) from water and transform it into amorphous particles (ASi) that accumulate in soils. Therefore, one factor that can alter the flux of Si in rivers is a change in vegetation cover in the active riverbed. Changes in riparian vegetation may cause significant reductions in riverine Si transport for two reasons. First, plants sequester Si by transforming DSi into ASi. Second, vegetation leads to reduced river flow velocity and increased deposition of suspended sediment, including ASi. Two highly-impacted rivers, the Platte River in Nebraska and the Green River in Utah, will serve as case studies to quantify the effect that riparian vegetation in general, and the invasive species of grass Phragmites australis in particular, have on Si transport to the ocean. Measurement of three pools of ASi ? in riparian sediment, riparian vegetation, and suspended sediment in the river ? and DSi in the river will be used to determine the magnitude of the vegetation effect. This project will consider silicon geochemistry, plant identification and characterization, and particle transport and deposition to develop a holistic understanding of the physical-biological-biogeochemical interactions controlling riverine Si transport.

Rivers are the primary source of silicon to coastal ocean ecosystems, where it is often a limiting nutrient for important groups of phytoplankton. An array of human activities has decreased the delivery of Si from land to sea, which is a significant concern for marine ecosystems already under pressure from a variety of environmental changes. Human modifications to river flows may lead to conditions favoring the expansion of riparian vegetation, which may reduce Si transported by the river. Our research will be the first isolate the effects of riparian vegetation on Si transported by rivers, and to measure the total Si flux in two typical western U.S. rivers. Therefore, the work will improve our understanding of the land-river-sea continuum, and may inform policy decisions regarding rivers and coastal ocean resource management. This collaborative project brings together the expertise of the PI and six undergraduate researchers from Gustavus Adolphus College, a primarily undergraduate institution, and the co-PIs from Utah State University and the University of Aix-Marseille. The undergraduate researchers will be involved in all aspects of the project, ultimately including dissemination of results via publications, conference presentations and development of a college museum exhibit.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: Dynamics, Control and System D | Award Amount: 200.00K | Year: 2016

Ultrasound imaging is an important technique utilized for medical diagnosis and damage detection in a variety of industrial applications. In most conventional ultrasound imaging systems, a pulse is emitted from an ultrasonic transducer, and transmitted or reflected ultrasound pulses are measured with a similar transducer. In this project, instead of using a conventional transducer, a laser-based system will be utilized to measure the ultrasound. This is a potentially transformative method that may have unique advantages relative to conventional methods, including reduction of measurement errors, and the ability to create full-field videos of traveling wavefronts. The project will address the fundamental challenges needed to enable laser-based ultrasonic measurements to be utilized for industrial applications and biomedical research. A strong outreach effort will use measured videos of acoustics fields to motivate secondary students to become interested in science and engineering. These videos will allow students to engage in topics such as how ultrasound imaging works, why shock waves produced by pile driving are of concern for marine life near construction sites, and how layering in the ocean is used for long-range communication by both the military and marine mammals.

To detect ultrasonic waves optically, the measurement arm of a laser interferometer is directed at a stationary retroreflective surface. When an acoustic wave passes through the measurement laser beam, the wave?s density variations produce phase shifts that can be detected by the interferometer. This project anticipates a wide range of outcomes. Interferometric measurements of ultrasonic fields have often been performed using a commercial laser Doppler vibrometer. However, vibrometers are engineered to measure vibrating surfaces; they are not optimized for measuring acoustic fields. The project will investigate designs for implementing an Open Source Acoustic Interferometric Detector to enable other researchers to construct a system optimized for interferometric measurements of ultrasound fields. An important outcome will be a protocol to actively monitor and control ultrasonic standing wave formation. This will produce a doubling of the force applied by ultrasound radiation force excitation. Other outcomes will enable multiple measurements to be combined to obtain high-fidelity and depth-sensitive interferometric measurements at higher frequencies than have been obtained in previous studies. These single-point and full-field measurements will not be susceptible to some of the artifacts observed when ultrasound is measured with conventional transducers. Interferometric measurements of ultrasonic fields will be used to investigate the fluid/structure interactions that lead to Mach shock formation when a wave pulse passes through an object.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS | Award Amount: 198.80K | Year: 2013

The goal of this research project is to obtain an understanding of how to fully characterize the dynamics of structures by using non-contacting ultrasonic radiation force excitation. Although modal analysis has matured significantly in the last three decades, existing empirical approaches do not effectively address the ultrasonic frequency range (above ~20kHz) which hinders quantitative validation of numerical structural models. This holds particularly true for small structures, such as engine turbine blades, that have very high, closely spaced, resonant frequencies and cannot be appropriately excited by using physical attachment. The project will address several critical needs that are required to move ultrasound radiation force excitation from being a qualitative laboratory technique into a methodology that can be widely adopted by the engineering community. One of these involves calibration and real-time monitoring of the imparted force by utilizing interferometric methods and innovative fiber-optic pressure sensors. Another major task involves correlation of resonant frequencies for structures excited in air and the same structures in water or other fluids. The combined measurement and modeling required for this task are important since the higher intensity available for the ultrasound radiation force excitation in water would allow shorter testing times, improved signal to noise ratios, and the possibility of driving structures with sufficient force to identify non-linearities for damage detection.

The research will have a broad impact in a wide range of applications since it will enable non-contact, high-frequency characterization of structural dynamics of small components that cannot be adequately characterized using conventional techniques. Ultrasound radiation force excitation techniques will aid in understanding the dynamics of turbine blades; this is of critical importance to help reduce high cycle fatigue failure, which has relevance to companies in the aviation and power generation industries. The techniques demonstrated will also be applied to hard-drive suspensions, naval propulsive components, and similar applications that would benefit from excitation without physical contact. Both graduate and undergraduate students involved in the research will be exposed to technical and nontechnical problems crucial to industry. A strong outreach effort will be implemented using planned demonstrations to motivate women, K-12 students, and underrepresented minority groups to become interested in science and engineering. Undergraduate music students, taking a general education course, will be exposed to the research results and have the opportunity to study vibrations of their instruments. The Principle Investigators will be developing a collection of videos, and corresponding curriculum guides, that will be posted on YouTube and related sites showing vibration of musical instruments, sporting equipment and other common objects. Outreach will also extend to national laboratories and companies that may benefit from understanding the new measurement approaches and analytical methods created, as well as local, regional, and national media so as to effectively capture the imagination of the general public.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: Chemical Measurement & Imaging | Award Amount: 212.76K | Year: 2015

In this project funded by the Chemical Measurement and Imaging program of the Chemistry Division, Professors Dwight Stoll of Gustavus Adolphus College and Sarah Rutan of Virginia Commonwealth University are studying fundamental aspects of the quantitative performance of two-dimensional liquid chromatography (2D-LC). This project uses the Grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with Industry (GOALI) program of the NSF to form an industry alliance with a leading liquid chromatography company, Agilent Tecnhologies. 2D-LC is an analytical methodology used for separation of inherently complex materials including urine, blood, urban wastewater, and the products of chemical and biological synthesis. This academic/industrial collaboration among Gustavus Adolphus College, Virginia Commonwealth University and Agilent Technologies is expected to lead to a deeper fundamental understanding of these limitations and support the development of novel technologies to improve the quantitative performance of 2D-LC.The broader impacts of the work include: wider application of 2D-LC as a high resolution separation technique across the life sciences and chemical industries; engagement of students at the high school, undergraduate, and graduate levels in cutting-edge research; and development of simulations that will facilitate more efficient and deeper learning about critical concepts in liquid chromatography.

The separation power of 2D-LC is well suited to better understand complex samples in fields ranging from medicine and pharmaceutical development to environmental chemistry. However, state-of-the-art 2D-LC currently suffers from poorer sensitivity and precision compared to more conventional methods, and this limits its scope of application. This project will leverage the strengths of the collaboration partners to address the limitations in quantitative performance of 2D-LC through a combination of complementary strategies. Simulations will be developed to better understand the underlying fundamental limitations of coupling the two dimensions in 2D-LC, novel valve technology will be developed and its performance characterized experimentally, and computer-based data analysis methods will be developed that enable better utilization of the multi-dimensional structure of data produced by 2D-LC methods. It is expected that the detection limits of 2D-LC will be improved at least five-fold, and that the quantitative precision will be improved so that it is competitive with conventional liquid chromatography.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: Environmental Chemical Science | Award Amount: 152.95K | Year: 2012

The Environmental Chemical Sciences Program in the Chemistry Division at the National Science Foundation supports the research of Professor Amanda Nienow from Gustavus Adolphus College who will explore the heterogeneous chemistry of pesticides sorbed to the crop/plant surfaces to which they are applied with a focus on the photolysis mechanisms and photoproducts formed when one class of pesticides, the imidazaolinone herbicides, is applied to plants. The photochemistry of some imidazolinone herbicides has been examined in aqueous systems but not on plant surfaces; this examination will provide insight into the photodegradation mechanisms and photoproducts of these herbicides at crop surfaces, thereby enhancing current understanding of the environmental chemistry of the imidazolinone herbicides. In addition, the knowledge gained from this work will inform reconnaissance missions for measurement of organic pollutants in the environment, provide a molecular understanding of the chemistry occurring at the plant surface, and potentially influence regulation of pesticide application.

This project will provide a more realistic picture of the environmental fate of pesticides by examining photolysis of pesticides sorbed to cuticular wax and plant foliage. The research has implications for environmental modeling and pesticide regulation. In addition, the methods and protocols developed under this project will be a model for studying a wide range of pesticides or other environmentally relevant organic molecules, and may be extended to study the photochemistry of organic molecules on other surfaces, (e.g., urban buildings). The undergraduates will participate in all aspects of this interdisciplinary project and will gain experience in a wide range of fields including spectroscopy, chromatography, microscopy, and statistical data analysis. The students experiences will improve their ability to plan, analyze, synthesize and communicate scientific results. In addition, they will gain experience presenting at national meetings and co-authoring peer reviewed journal articles. All of these experiences will position them well for future graduate studies or professional careers. The principal investigator is a faculty member early in her career, so this project will benefit her by supporting foundational research and establishment of a sustainable research program. The results will be disseminated through publications and presentations at scientific conferences. Aspects of the project will also be used to enhance the Chemistry Departments established community outreach into local elementary schools.

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