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Ludhiana, India

Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal science University ) is a veterinary university in Ludhiana, Punjab, India. It was a part of Punjab Agricultural University and was established on 9 August 2005 to serve the society by promoting the livestock production, health and prevention of diseases through integrated teaching and extension programs. The mission of the College of Veterinary Science is to produce Veterinary graduates, scientists and extension workers for promoting better livestock health, by prevention of disease, increasing production and reproduction of livestock, thus improving the quality of rural life in Punjab. Wikipedia.

Singh B.B.,Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University | Gajadhar A.A.,Canadian Food Inspection Agency
Acta Tropica | Year: 2014

Evolving land use practices have led to an increase in interactions at the human/wildlife interface. The presence and poor knowledge of zoonotic pathogens in India's wildlife and the occurrence of enormous human populations interfacing with, and critically linked to, forest ecosystems warrant attention. Factors such as diverse migratory bird populations, climate change, expanding human population and shrinking wildlife habitats play a significant role in the emergence and re-emergence of zoonotic pathogens from India's wildlife. The introduction of a novel Kyasanur forest disease virus (family flaviviridae) into human populations in 1957 and subsequent occurrence of seasonal outbreaks illustrate the key role that India's wild animals play in the emergence and reemergence of zoonotic pathogens. Other high priority zoonotic diseases of wildlife origin which could affect both livestock and humans include influenza, Nipah, Japanese encephalitis, rabies, plague, leptospirosis, anthrax and leishmaniasis. Continuous monitoring of India's extensively diverse and dispersed wildlife is challenging, but their use as indicators should facilitate efficient and rapid disease-outbreak response across the region and occasionally the globe. Defining and prioritizing research on zoonotic pathogens in wildlife are essential, particularly in a multidisciplinary one-world one-health approach which includes human and veterinary medical studies at the wildlife-livestock-human interfaces. This review indicates that wild animals play an important role in the emergence and re-emergence of zoonotic pathogens and provides brief summaries of the zoonotic diseases that have occurred in wild animals in India. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Ghuman S.P.S.,Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2010

The bovines are at a higher risk of uterine torsion around the start of parturition process. Various existing suppositions concerning the maternal and the fetal destabilizing factors liable for the occurrence of uterine torsion in bovines are unrealistic, however some of these have been justified by logical interpretations. Considerable correlation exists between the constriction of uterine blood vessels and the degree of uterine torsion. This is illustrated by the decrease in blood circulation to uterus with an increase in the degree of torsion. Pathological changes of uterus and cervix are severe with an increase in severity (higher degree of torsion persisting for a prolonged duration) of uterine torsion. The occurrence of uterine torsion increases adrenocortical activity and influences blood vascular cellular components as well as the metabolism of liver, kidney and muscular system. The recorded alterations in blood parameters are suggestive of deteriorating condition of the dam and thus help to decide about the institution of various therapies, viz. anti-stress, liver protection and electrolyte therapy. For considering the prognosis of a uterine torsion case at the time of presentation, the patients can be categorized into either of the 3 stages, viz. stage of positive prognosis, less positive prognosis or poor prognosis. Duration and degree of torsion is taken into account while deciding about the survival prognosis of unborn calf and dam as well as the future reproductive health of dam. Prognosis is best when duration of torsion is <36 h and worsens with the further elapse of time. Ovariohysterectomy is considered to increase the chances of survival of bovines with severe uterine torsion and uterine tissue compromise. At: the end, acute nature of this emergency warrants timely diagnosis and treatment.

Pandey A.K.,Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Tropical animal health and production | Year: 2012

The current study was aimed to establish the impact of progesterone supplementation (norgestomet progestagen) between days 4 to 10 post-ovulation on subsequent luteal profile and conception rate in buffaloes. The 28 Murrah buffaloes of second to fourth parity, having normal reproductive organs, were estrus synchronized by double PGF(2α) protocol at 11 days apart. The buffaloes were inseminated during mid- to late estrus and thereafter repeated at 24 h interval. The buffaloes were randomly assigned into two groups: (1) control (no treatment, n = 14) and (2) treatment group (CRESTAR ear implant, n = 14). The CRESTAR ear implant (3 mg, norgestomet progestagen) was inserted subcutaneous between days 4 to 10 post-ovulation. The ovaries were scanned at estrus and thereafter on days 4, 10, 16, 21, and 40 post-ovulation to examine the preovulatory follicle (POF) and corpus luteum (CL) diameter. Each ultasonography was followed by blood sample collection for analysis of plasma progesterone concentrations following ovulation. The conception rate was similar (p > 0.05) between treated and control buffaloes. The pregnant buffalo of the control group had larger (p < 0.05) POF diameter than nonpregnant counterparts. The CL diameter was similar (p > 0.05) in both treated and untreated control as well as in their pregnant and nonpregnant buffaloes of the respective groups. The plasma progesterone concentrations were higher (p < 0.05) in the treatment group on the day 10 post-ovulation as compared to the control buffaloes. It is concluded that norgestomet supplementation had no impact on conception rate and CL diameter but enhances the plasma progesterone concentrations following treatment in buffaloes.

Surasani V.K.R.,Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Food Engineering Reviews | Year: 2016

Food extrusion provides a great versatility for the development of low-cost, high-nutritive and convenient food products such as cereal-based snacks and food products. Extruded snacks are gaining importance nowadays due to their peculiar taste, texture and convenience. Extruded products contain low levels of protein, which makes it necessary to fortify them with protein-rich diets. One of the possible ways for alleviating this problem is to utilize fish and fish proteins to enrich cereal-based extruded products. Demand for fish meat and fish meat-based products is increasing day by day, and utilization of bycatch, low-cost and underutilized fish and shellfish is a major current issue. Utilizing fish meat and fish portions to develop extruded products will add value to the low-cost and underutilized fish and shellfish, thus promoting their utilization. The major factors during extrusion processing which affect the physical and chemical properties of the final product are high barrel temperature, feed moisture, composition of raw materials (protein and starch mainly) and the screw speed. Extrusion processing and changes in the ingredients will influence the system variables as well as product characteristics. In this view, the present article describes in detail about food extrusion process, application of food extrusion to develop fish meat-based extruded products, quality of fish-based extruded products and future prospects of the technology. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York

Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University | Date: 2010-09-16

Provided herein is a modified method of agglutination to detect infections caused by microorganisms including the steps of staining the test serum, plasma or blood or purified antibodies with a protein stain; mixing serum, plasma or blood with stained antibodies with an equal quantity of colored antigen particles on a glass slide; adding diluted Antiglobulin conjugated with Biotin to the mixture; subjecting the mixture to the step of mixing, adding diluted Avidin (preferably tagged with a visible indicator) to the mixture and thoroughly mixing all the ingredients.

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