Ludhiana, India

Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal science University ) is a veterinary university in Ludhiana, Punjab, India. It was a part of Punjab Agricultural University and was established on 9 August 2005 to serve the society by promoting the livestock production, health and prevention of diseases through integrated teaching and extension programs. The mission of the College of Veterinary Science is to produce Veterinary graduates, scientists and extension workers for promoting better livestock health, by prevention of disease, increasing production and reproduction of livestock, thus improving the quality of rural life in Punjab. Wikipedia.

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Singh B.B.,Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University | Gajadhar A.A.,Canadian Food Inspection Agency
Acta Tropica | Year: 2014

Evolving land use practices have led to an increase in interactions at the human/wildlife interface. The presence and poor knowledge of zoonotic pathogens in India's wildlife and the occurrence of enormous human populations interfacing with, and critically linked to, forest ecosystems warrant attention. Factors such as diverse migratory bird populations, climate change, expanding human population and shrinking wildlife habitats play a significant role in the emergence and re-emergence of zoonotic pathogens from India's wildlife. The introduction of a novel Kyasanur forest disease virus (family flaviviridae) into human populations in 1957 and subsequent occurrence of seasonal outbreaks illustrate the key role that India's wild animals play in the emergence and reemergence of zoonotic pathogens. Other high priority zoonotic diseases of wildlife origin which could affect both livestock and humans include influenza, Nipah, Japanese encephalitis, rabies, plague, leptospirosis, anthrax and leishmaniasis. Continuous monitoring of India's extensively diverse and dispersed wildlife is challenging, but their use as indicators should facilitate efficient and rapid disease-outbreak response across the region and occasionally the globe. Defining and prioritizing research on zoonotic pathogens in wildlife are essential, particularly in a multidisciplinary one-world one-health approach which includes human and veterinary medical studies at the wildlife-livestock-human interfaces. This review indicates that wild animals play an important role in the emergence and re-emergence of zoonotic pathogens and provides brief summaries of the zoonotic diseases that have occurred in wild animals in India. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University | Date: 2010-09-16

Provided herein is a modified method of agglutination to detect infections caused by microorganisms including the steps of staining the test serum, plasma or blood or purified antibodies with a protein stain; mixing serum, plasma or blood with stained antibodies with an equal quantity of colored antigen particles on a glass slide; adding diluted Antiglobulin conjugated with Biotin to the mixture; subjecting the mixture to the step of mixing, adding diluted Avidin (preferably tagged with a visible indicator) to the mixture and thoroughly mixing all the ingredients.

Tewari A.,Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University | Gill J.P.S.,Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Veterinary World | Year: 2014

Aim: In this study, sub-acute toxicity of deltamethrin on hematological and biochemical blood parameters of male albino Swiss mice was evaluated. Materials and Methods: Generally, the maximum permissible residue level (MRL) of deltamethrin for food products lies between 0.01 to 0.5 mg/kg body weight. So the mice were exposed orally with two doses of pesticide i.e. 0.1 and 0.5 mg/kg body weight. The doses were given on a daily basis for a period of 15 days and 30 days respectively. Ground nut oil was used as control treatment. Samples of blood were collected at the end of the treatment. Hepatotoxicity was evaluated by quantitative analysis of the serum enzymes alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALKP), total bilirubin (TBIL) and serum urea. Alterations of hematological parameters were analysed by total leukocyte, differential leukocyte count and hemoglobin levels. Results: Significant increase in the levels of hepatic enzymes (ALT, AST, ALKP) were observed for both doses, but no considerable differences were found by histological analysis. The hematological parameters showed significant alterations for 0.5 mg/kg body weight dose which is indicated by leukocytosis, lymphocytosis and neutropenia in long duration study. Conclusions: The results indicated that even very low dose of deltamethrin can promote hematological and hepatic alterations. Thus it is imperative to do further studies on the detrimental effect of the low levels of pyrethroid commonly present in our food, which further necessitate the reduction of maximum permissible levels of residual synthetic pyrethroid levels in foods and feed. © The authors.

Tewari A.,Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University | Abdullah S.,University of Bristol
Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2015

Food borne illnesses result from eating food or drinking beverages that are contaminated with chemical matter, heavy metals, parasites, fungi, viruses and Bacteria. Bacillus cereus is one of the food-borne disease causing Bacteria. Species of Bacillus and related genera have long been troublesome to food producers on account of their resistant endospores. Their spores may be present on various types of raw and cooked foods, and their ability to survive high cooking temperatures requires that cooked foods be served hot or cooled rapidly to prevent the growth of this bacteria. Bacillus cereus is well known as a cause of food poisoning, and much more is now known about the toxins produced by various strains of this species, so that its significance in such episodes are clearer. However, it is still unclear why such cases are so rarely reported worldwide. © 2014, Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India).

Ghuman S.P.S.,Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2010

The bovines are at a higher risk of uterine torsion around the start of parturition process. Various existing suppositions concerning the maternal and the fetal destabilizing factors liable for the occurrence of uterine torsion in bovines are unrealistic, however some of these have been justified by logical interpretations. Considerable correlation exists between the constriction of uterine blood vessels and the degree of uterine torsion. This is illustrated by the decrease in blood circulation to uterus with an increase in the degree of torsion. Pathological changes of uterus and cervix are severe with an increase in severity (higher degree of torsion persisting for a prolonged duration) of uterine torsion. The occurrence of uterine torsion increases adrenocortical activity and influences blood vascular cellular components as well as the metabolism of liver, kidney and muscular system. The recorded alterations in blood parameters are suggestive of deteriorating condition of the dam and thus help to decide about the institution of various therapies, viz. anti-stress, liver protection and electrolyte therapy. For considering the prognosis of a uterine torsion case at the time of presentation, the patients can be categorized into either of the 3 stages, viz. stage of positive prognosis, less positive prognosis or poor prognosis. Duration and degree of torsion is taken into account while deciding about the survival prognosis of unborn calf and dam as well as the future reproductive health of dam. Prognosis is best when duration of torsion is <36 h and worsens with the further elapse of time. Ovariohysterectomy is considered to increase the chances of survival of bovines with severe uterine torsion and uterine tissue compromise. At: the end, acute nature of this emergency warrants timely diagnosis and treatment.

Singh N.K.,Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University | Rath S.S.,Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine | Year: 2013

Objective: To determine the epidemiology of ixodid ticks in bovines of different agro-climatic zones of Punjab state, India. Methods: A total of 4 459 cattle of all age groups and sex were examined from eighteen districts of five major agro-climatic zones of Punjab state, India. Results: The overall prevalence of ixodid ticks, Rhipicephalus microplus (R. microplus), Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum (H. a. anatolicum) and mixed infestation were 58.06%, 50.16%, 11.34% and 3.45%, respectively. Among the various agro-climatic zones highest prevalence rate of R. microplus and H. a. anatolicum were recorded in submountain undulating region (79.36%) and western region (20.40%), respectively indicating that R. microplus prefers a hot and humid environment whereas, arid and semi arid conditions suit better for H. a. anatolicum. The overall prevalence of ixodid ticks was highest in monsoon season (83.74%), followed by summer (69.01%) and least in winters (31.64%) and a significant variation (P<0.01) was also observed; whereas, maximum prevalence of R. microplus and H. a. anatolicum were recorded in monsoon (72.42%) and summers (18.06%), respectively. Among the various age groups maximum tick infestation was recorded in calves <6 months of age (72.59%), followed by 6 months -1 year age group (61.74%) and least in >1year age group (55.02%) and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). Also a significantly higher (P<0.01) infestation rates of ixodid ticks was observed in males. Conclusions: The findings of the current study would provide a basis for evolving effective control strategy for the management of ticks in bovines of the region. © 2013 Hainan Medical College.

Pandey A.K.,Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Tropical animal health and production | Year: 2012

The current study was aimed to establish the impact of progesterone supplementation (norgestomet progestagen) between days 4 to 10 post-ovulation on subsequent luteal profile and conception rate in buffaloes. The 28 Murrah buffaloes of second to fourth parity, having normal reproductive organs, were estrus synchronized by double PGF(2α) protocol at 11 days apart. The buffaloes were inseminated during mid- to late estrus and thereafter repeated at 24 h interval. The buffaloes were randomly assigned into two groups: (1) control (no treatment, n = 14) and (2) treatment group (CRESTAR ear implant, n = 14). The CRESTAR ear implant (3 mg, norgestomet progestagen) was inserted subcutaneous between days 4 to 10 post-ovulation. The ovaries were scanned at estrus and thereafter on days 4, 10, 16, 21, and 40 post-ovulation to examine the preovulatory follicle (POF) and corpus luteum (CL) diameter. Each ultasonography was followed by blood sample collection for analysis of plasma progesterone concentrations following ovulation. The conception rate was similar (p > 0.05) between treated and control buffaloes. The pregnant buffalo of the control group had larger (p < 0.05) POF diameter than nonpregnant counterparts. The CL diameter was similar (p > 0.05) in both treated and untreated control as well as in their pregnant and nonpregnant buffaloes of the respective groups. The plasma progesterone concentrations were higher (p < 0.05) in the treatment group on the day 10 post-ovulation as compared to the control buffaloes. It is concluded that norgestomet supplementation had no impact on conception rate and CL diameter but enhances the plasma progesterone concentrations following treatment in buffaloes.

Gill K.K.,Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University | Dumka V.K.,Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology | Year: 2013

The effects of various pesticides and minerals on biochemical parameters have been explored in different species, but hardly any data exist regarding the combined toxicological effect of pesticides and minerals on these parameters in animals. The present study investigated the effects of fipronil and fluoride co-exposure on biochemical parameters in buffalo calves. Twenty-four healthy male buffalo calves divided into four groups were treated for 98 consecutive days. Group I, receiving no treatment served as the control. Animals of groups II and III were orally administered with fipronil @ 0.5. mg/kg/day and sodium fluoride (NaF) @ 6.67. mg/kg/day, respectively, for 98 days. An additional group IV was co-administered fipronil and NaF at the same dosages as groups II and III. Administration of fipronil alone produced mild toxic signs, significant elevation in plasma proteins, blood glucose, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and significant decline in the plasma cholesterol levels. NaF exposure produced toxic signs specifically of muscle weakness and brown and black discoloration of teeth. Significant elevation was seen in whole blood cholinesterase, BUN and creatinine levels. However, it produced significant decline in blood glucose, cholesterol and plasma protein levels. Combined exposure to fipronil and sodium fluoride produced toxic signs with greater intensity while biochemical alterations produced were similar to those that were produced by their individual exposures. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Surasani V.K.R.,Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Food Engineering Reviews | Year: 2016

Food extrusion provides a great versatility for the development of low-cost, high-nutritive and convenient food products such as cereal-based snacks and food products. Extruded snacks are gaining importance nowadays due to their peculiar taste, texture and convenience. Extruded products contain low levels of protein, which makes it necessary to fortify them with protein-rich diets. One of the possible ways for alleviating this problem is to utilize fish and fish proteins to enrich cereal-based extruded products. Demand for fish meat and fish meat-based products is increasing day by day, and utilization of bycatch, low-cost and underutilized fish and shellfish is a major current issue. Utilizing fish meat and fish portions to develop extruded products will add value to the low-cost and underutilized fish and shellfish, thus promoting their utilization. The major factors during extrusion processing which affect the physical and chemical properties of the final product are high barrel temperature, feed moisture, composition of raw materials (protein and starch mainly) and the screw speed. Extrusion processing and changes in the ingredients will influence the system variables as well as product characteristics. In this view, the present article describes in detail about food extrusion process, application of food extrusion to develop fish meat-based extruded products, quality of fish-based extruded products and future prospects of the technology. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York

Biswas A.K.,Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University | Chatli M.K.,Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University | Sahoo J.,Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Food Chemistry | Year: 2012

The aim of this study was to investigate the antioxidant activity of different solvent extracts of curry and mint leaf and their effect on colour and oxidative stability of raw ground pork meat stored at 4 ± 1 °C. The results indicated that among the two individual leaf categories, the ethanol extract of curry leaf (EHEC) and the water extract of mint leaf (WEM) showed higher DPPH and ABTS + activity. EHEC also exhibited the highest total phenolic contents while these were the lowest for WEM. WEM showed the highest superoxide anionic scavenging activity (%). The pork meat samples treated with EHEC and WEM showed a decrease in the Hunter L- and a-values and a increase in b-value during storage at 4 °C. However, the pH and TBARS values were higher in control samples irrespective of storage periods. In conclusion, EHEC and WEM have the potential to be used as natural antioxidants to minimise lipid oxidation of pork products. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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