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Horikoshi H.,Gunma Prefectural Cancer Center | Kikuchi A.,Kanazawa University | Onoguchi M.,Kanazawa University | Sjostrand K.,Technical University of Denmark | Edenbrandt L.,Gothenburg University
Annals of Nuclear Medicine | Year: 2012

Aim Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) software for bone scintigrams have recently been introduced as a clinical quality assurance tool. The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of two CAD systems, one based on a European and one on a Japanese training database, in a group of bone scans from Japanese patients. Method The two CAD software are trained to interpret bone scans using training databases consisting of bone scans with the desired interpretation, metastatic disease or not. One software was trained using 795 bone scans from European patients and the other with 904 bone scans from Japanese patients. The two CAD softwares were evaluated using the same group of 257 Japanese patients, who underwent bone scintigraphy because of suspected metastases of malignant tumors in 2009. The final diagnostic results made by clinicians were used as gold standard. Results The Japanese CAD software showed a higher specificity and accuracy compared to the European CAD software [81 vs. 57 % (p<0.05) and 82 vs. 61 % (p<0.05), respectively]. The sensitivity was 90 % for the Japanese CAD software and 83 % for the European CAD software (n.s). Conclusion The CAD software trained with a Japanese database showed significantly higher performance than the corresponding CAD software trained with a European database for the analysis of bone scans from Japanese patients. These results could at least partly be caused by the physical differences between Japanese and European patients resulting in less influence of attenuation in Japanese patients and possible different judgement of count intensities of hot spots © The Author(s) 2012. Source


Fujita A.,Gunma Prefectural Cancer Center
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery | Year: 2011

Elastofibroma is a tumor that is localized mainly at the subscapular region. We report 2 cases of subscapular elastofibromas. Case 1, 75-year-old woman was seen at the hospital because of a left dorsal tumor. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed the tumor of 6 cm in diameter in the inferior angle of left scapula. The patient underwent excision of the tumor. Case 2, 90-year-old man underwent excision a tumor of 5 cm in diameter in the inferior angle of right scapula simultaneously with the operation of right lung cancer. Histological examinations showed increased elastic fiber with elastica van Gieson staining. These specimens confirmed the diagnosis of elastofibroma There have been no signs of recurrence after surgery. Source


Kikuchi A.,Kanazawa University | Onoguchi M.,Kanazawa University | Horikoshi H.,Gunma Prefectural Cancer Center | Sjostrand K.,Technical University of Denmark | Edenbrandt L.,Gothenburg University
Nuclear Medicine Communications | Year: 2012

AIM: Automated segmentation of the skeleton is the first step for quantitative analysis and computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) of whole-body bone scans. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of differences in skeletal atlas on the automated segmentation of skeletons in a Japanese patient group. METHODS: The study was based on a bone scan CAD system that included a skeletal atlas obtained using 10 normal bone scans from European patients and 23 normal bone scans from Japanese patients. These were incorporated into the CAD system. The performance of the skeletal segmentation, based on either the European or the Japanese Atlas, was evaluated independently by three observers in a group of 50 randomly selected bone scans from Japanese patients. RESULTS: The skeletal segmentation was classified as correct in 41-44 of the 50 cases by the three observers using the Japanese atlas. The corresponding results were 15-18 of the 50 cases using the European atlas, and this difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). The anatomical areas most commonly classified as not correct were the skull, cervical vertebrae, and ribs. CONCLUSION: Automated segmentation of the skeleton in a Japanese patient group was more successful when the CAD system based on a Japanese atlas was used than when the corresponding system based on a European atlas was used. The results of this study indicate that it is of value to use a skeletal atlas based on normal Japanese bone scans in a CAD system for Japanese patients. © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams &Wilkins. Source


Tachibana K.,Kyorin University | Tachibana K.,University of Tsukuba | Minami Y.,University of Tsukuba | Shiba-Ishii A.,University of Tsukuba | And 5 more authors.
Lung Cancer | Year: 2012

Background: Signaling mediated by hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)/MET promotes multiple biological activities, including cell proliferation, motility, invasion, angiogenesis, and morphogenesis. Overexpression of HGF and MET and an increase of the MET gene copy number have recently been found in various cancers that had a poor outcome. Here we investigated the copy number of the MET gene and expression of MET and HGF in small pulmonary adenocarcinomas. Methods: Tumor tissues were obtained from 106 pulmonary small adenocarcinomas 2. cm or less in diameter. MET gene copy number, and the expression of MET and HGF, were analyzed using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Results: MET FISH-positive signals were observed in 11 (10.4%) of 106 cases. One case (0.9%) showed gene amplification and 10 (9.4%) exhibited high polysomy. High immunoreactivity for MET and HGF in tumor cells was found in 30 (28.3%) and 19 cases (17.9%), respectively. HGF was also expressed in stromal cells in 32 cases (30.2%). No cases of non-invasive adenocarcinoma (adenocarcinoma in situ, localized bronchioloalveolar carcinoma) showed MET FISH-positive signals or high expression of HGF in the tumor cells. Expression of both MET and stromal HGF was stronger in invasive than in non-invasive adenocarcinoma. MET FISH-positive signals and high immunoreactivity for MET and HGF in tumor cells were associated with factors indicative of poor prognosis such as pleural invasion, vascular invasion, lymphatic permeation, lymph node metastasis, and nuclear grading. Univariate and multivariate analyses that included these factors showed that all statuses except for MET and HGF immunoreactivity were significantly associated with an increased risk of death. However, multivariate analysis revealed no independent factors related to poor prognosis. Conclusion: Our results suggest that abnormality of the HGF/MET pathway occurs during the course of progression from non-invasive to invasive pulmonary adenocarcinoma. An increased MET gene copy number is indicative of a poor outcome in patients with small pulmonary adenocarcinomas. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source


Fujita A.,Gunma Prefectural Cancer Center
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery | Year: 2011

A 70-year-old man visited the Department of Head and Neck Surgery with a chief complaint of dysphagia. A tumor was observed in the epiglottis and vocal cord, and was diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma by biopsy. Computed tomography (CT) showed a tumor mainly in the vocal cord. CT scans revealed a tumor centered on the vocal cord, with bilateral cervical lymph node metastases and a well-circumscribed 20-mm tumor in the anterior mediastinum. Fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) showed uptake in the primary lesion, left cervical lymph nodes, and anterior mediastinal tumor, which suggested a lymph node metastasis but did not exclude thymoma. The patient underwent video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) resection of the anterior mediastinal tumor with total laryngectomy, total thyroidectomy, and bilateral cervical lymph node dissection. The final pathological diagnosis was laryngeal cancer (glottic cancer, pT4aN2M1, pStage IVC) with thymic metastasis (presenting as an anterior mediastinal tumor). Thymic metastasis of laryngeal cancer is rare, and appears difficult to preoperatively differentiate from other mediastinal tumors. Source

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