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Hawalli, Kuwait

Gulf University for Science & Technology is the first private university established in Kuwait. It has a dual-enrollment agreement with the University of Missouri–St. Louis. Wikipedia.

This paper examines the effects of oil price shocks on the real GDP of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. The empirical method used is the nonlinear cointegrating autoregressive distributed lag (NARDL) model of Shin et al. (2013) in which short-run and long-run nonlinearities are introduced via positive and negative partial sum decompositions of the explanatory variable(s). The results suggest evidence of asymmetries in all the cases. We find significant positive oil price changes in all the cases with the expected positive sign, implying that increases in oil price lead to increases in real GDP. Conversely, negative oil price changes are significant for only Kuwait and Qatar with the expected positive sign, suggesting that decreases in oil price lead to decreases in their real GDP. Further analysis implemented using panel data shows that positive oil prices changes increase real GDP and negative changes decrease real GDP. Overall, the results suggest that positive oil price changes have a considerably larger impact on real GDP than negative changes. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Kisswani K.M.,Gulf University for Science and Technology
Energy Policy

In this paper I use quarterly and monthly data from 1994 to 2014 to test if OPEC acts as a cartel, and therefore, it affects oil prices through members' coordination. I use Engle and Granger two-step approach, Johansen cointegration test and Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) bounds testing approach of cointegration to examine the long-run relation between OPEC production and each member's production as an evidence of coordination. Besides, I apply Granger causality and Toda and Yamamoto tests to check the direction of causality between the OPEC production and oil prices (U.K. Brent and Dubai Fateh). The findings show no evidence of cointegration between the production of the members and that of OPEC, indicating no cartel behavior exists. Moreover, the results show that OPEC production does not cause oil prices; rather it is the other way around. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd Source

Adjerid S.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Temimi H.,Gulf University for Science and Technology
Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering

We present a new discontinuous Galerkin method for solving the second-order wave equation using the standard continuous finite element method in space and a discontinuous method in time directly applied to second-order ode systems. We prove several optimal a priori error estimates in space-time norms for this new method and show that it can be more efficient than existing methods. We also write the leading term of the local discretization error in terms of Lobatto polynomials in space and Jacobi polynomials in time which leads to superconvergence points on each space-time cell. We discuss how to apply our results to construct efficient and asymptotically exact a posteriori estimates for space-time discretization errors. Numerical results are in agreement with theory. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. Source

Mostafa M.M.,Gulf University for Science and Technology
Expert Systems with Applications

Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), this study aimed at investigating the neural mechanisms associated with human and non-human sounds' perception in advertising. The study employed a block design paradigm in which participants heard human versus non-human sounds in different sets of advertisements. The results showed that, compared to nonhuman sounds, human sounds elicited greater activation in several areas in or around the primary auditory cortex (t > 5.16, p < 0.001). This result suggests that different types of sounds are processed in different functional brain pathways. The existence of voice-selective areas in the brain lends strong support to the face perception neurocognitive model which proposes that visual, affective and linguistic information are processed in different cortical regions in the brain. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Mostafa M.M.,Gulf University for Science and Technology
International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology

The aim of this paper is to empirically evaluate whether the process of globalisation, through which countries become increasingly interconnected, is related to pro-environmental intentions. Due to the hierarchical nature of the data, the study uses a multilevel modelling approach to cross-culturally test the impact of globalisation on pro-environmental intentions. Using an updated indicator of globalisation, the results from 25 nations show that economic, social and political openness are not related to pro-environmental intentions, as measured by willingness to sacrifice to protect the environment. This result implies that concern for the environment is a global phenomenon and not unique to the wealthy and more globalised nations. The findings of this paper highlight the importance of simultaneously assessing individual- and contextual-level variables in determining pro-environmental intentions across nations. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

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