Barord G.J.,Gulf Marine Institute of Technology |
Barord G.J.,Alaskan Observers Inc. |
Keister K.N.,Gulf Marine Institute of Technology |
Lee P.G.,Gulf Marine Institute of Technology
Aquaculture International | Year: 2010
The purpose of this experiment was to observe the impact of stocking density on growth and food consumption of juvenile Sepia pharaonis reared at 23 and 28°C. Two groups of 32 cuttlefish each were reared in closed recirculating seawater systems with water temperatures of 23°C (group A) and 28°C (group B). Each group was divided into three treatments with two replicates per treatment: low-density (equivalent to 20 cuttlefish m-2), medium-density (equivalent to 100 cuttlefish m-2), and high-density (equivalent to 200 cuttlefish m-2). Measured amounts of live food were added three times a day and the wet body weight of each cuttlefish was measured once a week during the 42-day study. Cuttlefish in group B had higher growth rates and food consumption than cuttlefish in group A. The different stocking densities in group B affected the size of the cuttlefish whereas the stocking densities of the cuttlefish in group A treatments did not lead to different sizes between densities. Overall, the gross growth efficiency of the high-density treatments was lower than that of the low-density treatments, as was the weight of the cuttlefish in the high-density treatment. Although the wet weights of group A treatments were not significantly different (P > 0. 05), the wet weights of the cuttlefish in the high-density, group B, treatment were lower than those in the low and medium density treatments. This decrease in individual size suggests that stocking densities of 100 to 200 cuttlefish m-2 may interfere with growth. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.