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Ahmadabad, India

Chellapandi P.,Gujarat Vidyapith University | Prabaharan D.,Bharathidasan University | Uma L.,Bharathidasan University
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology | Year: 2010

Overall measurement of methanogenic activity of sludge and or slurry is thought as a key for understanding the basic physiology of anaerobic consortia involved in anaerobic digestion process of an alternative biomass. In this study, the methanogenic activity of biogas plant slurry was used to evaluate the anaerobic digestion of ossein factory wastes such as sinews and primary clarified bone waste (PCBW) and cyanobacterial biomass in standard assay conditions. A maximum methanogenic activity was reported here when ossein factory wastes mixed with cyanobacterial biomass in specific proportions in which sinews and PCBW alone also favored to a significant methane yield. Cyanobacterial biomass alone did not give a desirable methanogenic activity. Approximately 48% of total solids were destroyed from these wastes after 30 days. This study gives information on the use of these wastes with suitable proportions for taking an effort in a large-scale anaerobic digestion in an effective way of ossein factory. © 2009 Humana Press. Source

Chellapandi P.,Gujarat Vidyapith University
Journal of environmental science & engineering | Year: 2012

The objective of the present work was to evaluate the ossein factory wastes, which include primary clarified bone waste (PCBW) and sinews for methane production, by monitoring methanogenic activity of predigested biogas plant slurry. A specific methanogenic activity of biogas plant slurry (anaerobic seed) was measured at 38 degrees C using different proportions of ossein factory wastes in an assay medium. The pH of slurry was intensively maintained until course of digestion. A moderate proportion of both substrates showed a maximum methane production at 20 days of incubation in batch mode. However, a maximum cumulative methane yield achieved by biogas plant slurry on PCBW was low as compared to sinews. The best organic matter degradation was achieved even at a high proportion of ossein factory wastes used in digesters. These substitutes would be useful, without seriously reducing total gas production, for methane production if they partially mixed with cattle dung. As a result of this preliminary study, we suggest that ossein factory wastes are potential alternative sources for biogas production in ossein factory. Source

Singh K.M.,Anand Agricultural University | Ahir V.B.,Anand Agricultural University | Tripathi A.K.,Anand Agricultural University | Ramani U.V.,Anand Agricultural University | And 8 more authors.
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2012

The complex microbiome of the rumen functions as an effective system for the conversion of plant cell wall biomass to microbial proteins, short chain fatty acids and gases. In this study, metagenomic approaches were used to study the microbial populations and metabolic potential of the microbial community. DNA was extracted from Surti Buffalo rumen samples (four treatments diet) and sequenced separately using a 454 GS FLX Titanium system. We used comparative metagenomics to examine metabolic potential and phylogenetic composition from pyrosequence data generated in four samples, considering phylogenetic composition and metabolic potentials in the rumen may remarkably be different with respect to nutrient utilization. Assignment of metagenomic sequences to SEED categories of the Metagenome Rapid Annotation using Subsystem Technology (MG-RAST) server revealed a genetic profile characteristic of fermentation of carbohydrates in a high roughage diet. The distribution of phylotypes and environmental gene tags (EGTs) detected within each rumen sample were dominated by Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria in all the samples. The results of this study could help to determine the role of rumen microbes and their enzymes in plant polysaccharide breakdown is fundamental to understanding digestion and maximising productivity in ruminant animals. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011. Source

Shah N.K.,Gujarat Vidyapith University
2014 International Conference on Computing for Sustainable Global Development, INDIACom 2014 | Year: 2014

Virtualization is very important factor to reduce cost of data warehouse deployment. It can reduce cost as well as tremendous pressure of managing devices, storage servers, application models and man power. In current era, data warehouse is very effective concept that can make huge impact in organizational decision support system. Unlike database systems, data warehouse systems take large amount of time and cost to deploy and develop in-house system for an organization. This is the reason that people now think about cloud computing as a solution of the problem instead of implementing their own data warehouse system. This paper is about, how cloud computing environment can be established as an alternative of data warehouse system. It will also throw some light about better environment choice for the organizational need. Organizational data warehouse and EC2 (Elastic Cloud Computing) are discussed with different parameters like ROI, security, scalability, robustness of data, maintenance of system etc. Paper will help in comparative analysis of both the systems. © 2014 IEEE. Source

Parikh A.,Gujarat Vidyapith University | Patel K.,Sudan University of Science and Technology | Shah B.,E infochips
2015 International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communications and Informatics, ICACCI 2015 | Year: 2015

Animal husbandry and dairy development generate gainful employment in the rural India. There is a huge gap between the information available and information utilization between stakeholders involved in this area. By taking steps to make better health care, proper insemination technique and information management of cattle may increase milk production. It also improves the breed quality and production. This paper proposes the innovative ways of intervention of information and communication technology to bridge the gap between stakeholders involved in this area. That is a collaborative approach to manage cattle health care related services to the cattle owners based on web services and Services Oriented Architecture (SOA) approach. This paper provides methodology and concept of the technical solutions proposed and planned to overcome the cattle owner and stakeholders' difficulties. So that animal husbandry becomes an encouraging and lucrative business opportunities for young rural people to start their own ventures in their village. © 2015 IEEE. Source

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