Ghandinagar, India

Gujarat National Law University
Ghandinagar, India

Gujarat National Law University is a National Law University established under the Gujarat National Law University Act, 2003" in the state of Gujarat. It is one of the most prestigious law schools in India. The university is located at Gandhinagar, which is the capital of Gujarat and is located 7 kilometers north of the city of Ahmedabad. The statute provides that the Chief Justice of India or a Senior Supreme Court Judge serve as the Visitor of the university. The Vice-Chancellor, Dr. Bimal N. Patel, an internationally acclaimed scholar and United Nations civil servant serves as the chief administrator. The university started in 2004 and has five batches of 160 students each under training. The batch strength has been increased to 180 from 160 from the academic year 2013-2014. It is ranked as the 5th Best Law school in the country as of 2013. The university is recognized by the Bar Council of India and University Grants Commission . The university is also member of the Association of Indian Universities and the university is functioning as nodal agency to uplift the legal education in the State of Gujarat. It is ranked as the fastest growing law school in India. It is also listed in the prestigious List of Institutes of National Importance. Wikipedia.

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Varjani S.J.,Gujarat National Law University | Rana D.P.,Institute of Reservoir Studies IRS | Jain A.K.,Institute of Reservoir Studies IRS | Bateja S.,Institute of Reservoir Studies IRS | Upasani V.N.,Mg Science Institute
International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation | Year: 2015

Hydrocarbon pollution due to activities of petroleum industry is a major problem worldwide especially in developing countries like India. Hydrocarbon utilizing bacterial consortium (HUBC) consisting of six (06) bacterial isolates viz. Ochrobactrum sp. (01), Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (02) and P. aeruginosa (03) isolated from crude oil polluted sites of ONGC fields of Gujarat, India. The isolates were identified by using VITEK®2 Compact and 16S rDNA gene sequencing. Scale up study of crude oil degradation (K#X, 3% v/v) by HUBC using Bushnell-Hass medium was performed under optimized growth conditions up to 75 days. Gravimetric and gas chromatographic analysis showed 83.70% and 83.49% (C8-C35) degradation, respectively. Presence of paraffins (C20-C40) in crude oil causes well clogging problem during exploration activities. The HUBC utilized paraffin content of crude oil and hence can be used to solve this problem. The findings of ex-situ bioaugmentation studies by halotolerant HUBC suggests its utility for effective in situ bioremediation of hydrocarbon contaminated sites as well as management of sea surface oil spills. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Mathew T.,Gujarat National Law University | Sarkar A.,Space Applications Center
International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering | Year: 2012

Several space borne remote sensing techniques, using various frequency bands, have been developed to cover large areas quickly and in a cost-efficient way to monitor global processes over the ocean. Since a single circularly polarized beam can provide information of all stokes vectors, which can be used for polarimetric studies, this paper focuses on the effect of ocean surface interaction on polarization characteristics of a circularly polarized wave at microwave remote sensing bands. © 2012 CAFET-INNOVA TECHNICAL SOCIETY. All rights reserved.

Mathew T.,Gujarat National Law University | Sarkar A.,Space Applications Center
International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering | Year: 2010

Dielectric characteristics (viz., permittivity, dielectric loss) of saline ocean water in microwave frequency bands are influenced primarily by its salinity and temperature. This study brings out some of the anomalous behaviours of these characteristics through numerical computations using empirical relations, for some of the frequency bands used in microwave remote sensing. Unique characteristics of saline water at lower frequency like 1.4 GHz (frequency being used in the 'Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity' satellite mission) have been highlighted. © 2010 CAFET-INNOVA TECHNICAL SOCIETY. All rights reserved.

Dwivedi M.,Indian Institute of Public Administration | Kacker U.,Gujarat National Law University
Journal of Third World Studies | Year: 2013

The Indian Union premises its existence on the Nehruvian ideals of socialism and secularism with a few irritants of contemporary communal strife in the domestic milleu. Indo-US relations have undergone a remarkable transformation during the last fifteen years. Today, there is close cooperation between the two countries on the issues of far reaching consequences, such as the use of nuclear energy, space technology for peaceful purposes and missile defense. The emergence of a bipolar world during the Cold War between the superpowers enhanced the importance of the various developing countries in foreign affairs. The concept of economic aid as an effective goal in its own right was soon replaced by the notion of mutual security through alliances and alignments. More than food security, strategic concerns have always underscored the development of Indo-American relations.

Chatterjee J.,Gujarat National Law University
61st International Astronautical Congress 2010, IAC 2010 | Year: 2010

The 1967 Outer Space Treaty provides for liability of the state for any of its national activities in outer space whether such activities are performed by itself or by any other non-governmental agency. Article VI intentionally imposes a strict liability regime, rather than subjective responsibility, on the launching states since the treaty prohibits any space activity by a non-governmental entity unless it is authorised and continually supervised by that state. This paper focus on the requirement for a revised notion and distinct demarcation between the traditional concepts of 'responsibility' and 'liability' in order to effectively redress the legally entangled issues arising out of the rapid developments in the commercialised and privatised sector of space activities. Following a detailed analytical study of the existing literature on the point, it is asserted that the attribution of State responsibility for commercial acts done either by non-governmental entities or private agencies should be reconsidered thereby necessitating an attempt to explicitly confine the contours of the term 'national activities' and re-assess the scope of the concepts of 'launching State, 'appropriate State' and the 'State of registry'. Further, issues such as change of ownership of satellites in orbit and multi-State launching operations and the liability arising therefrom is addressed. It is concluded that in the light of recent State practice, a functional approach on a case by case basis to determine the 'launching State(s)', 'appropriate State(s)' and the 'State of Registry' for the purpose of attribution of international responsibility and attendant liability is suitable to cater to the contemporary commercialised and privatised scenario of activities in outer space. Furthermore, it would be prudent on the part of the international community to draw the threads from the international maritime and air law to amend and update the liability regime governing outer space activities so as to encourage further exploration and exploitation of outer space through private participation. Copyright ©2010 by Joyeeta Chatterjee. Published by the IAF.

Hariharan S.,Gujarat National Law University | Ghaya K.,Gujarat National Law University
European Energy and Environmental Law Review | Year: 2011

The article critically analyzes the evolution of competition law in the energy sector of the European Union. It highlights the efforts that are taken up by the European Commission to ensure that there is a single market for the energy sector. The article's scope spans from the natural monopoly days where the energy sector was controlled by the State to days of State-aid control. Inter alia, the paper mainly deals with the anti-competitive practices that the EU had to face in the energy sector and the measures that were adopted by the EC to see that there is free and fair competition in the energy sector, leading to the beneficial development of the ultimate consumer.

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