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Bose N.,Gujarat Medical Education and Research Society | Kanzariya H.,PSMC
Indian Journal of Anaesthesia | Year: 2014

Therapeutic transfusion techniques such as apheresis and phlebotomy are frequently used in intensive care units. Use of the apheresis technique for the treatment of various diseases in critically ill patients is growing day by day. There are increasing evidences for using apheresis as a primary therapy or as an adjunct to other therapies for various diseases such as thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, haemolytic uremic syndrome, drug toxicities, autoimmune disease, sepsis and fulminant hepatic failure. Apheresis is an invasive procedure. It has significant physiologic consequences, so the care of these patients requires continuous supervision. Phlebotomy is performed as an intervention for some disease management. Its use is nowadays restricted to conditions such as polycythaemia, haemochromatosis and porphyria cutanea tarda. In this review, we have looked at various indications, procedure and complications of apheresis and phlebotomy in critical care unit. © 2014, Indian Society of Anaesthetists. All rights reserved. Source


Deshpande S.,Gujarat Medical Education and Research Society | Patel N.,New York University | Godbole V.,Gujarat Medical Education and Research Society | Champaneri V.,Gujarat Medical Education and Research Society | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Background: Hypertension (HTN) is a major risk factor contributing to premature mortality from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease.To decrease morbidity and mortality from HTN, timely diagnosis of the disease and its complications, urgent treatment and referrals are required. General Practioners (GPs) are the first tier of the health care system in India and have a wide scope of practice. It is important to know the awareness and approach of primary care physicians to hypertension in their daily practice as compared to standard practice recommendations and guidelines, to identify targets for improvements. With this objective we decided to interview them personally and analyse their approach. Materials and Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in 80 general practitioners (GPs) of the western part of Vadodara city with the use of a questionnaire prepared from JNC-7 guidelines and standard medical books. Seventy seven [97.55%] GPs completed the questionnaire and their responses were statistically analysed. Results: Twenty percent of GPs were not applying BP cuff properly for BP measurement. Only 18% and 16.6% could diagnose isolated diastolic hypertension (IDH) and isolated systolic hypertension respectively (ISH) and 21% and 29% would have considered treatment of IDH and ISH respectively.48% consider treating pre-hypertension using non-pharmacological measures. Only 21% use thiazide diuretics for uncomplicated HTN and 50% use beta-blockers in coronary artery disease patients. Conclusion: In our study, most of the GPs in western Vadodara are well aware and updated about the initial lab investigations,non-pharmacological measures and complications of HTN but lack an effective approach towards history taking for HTN,technique for measurement of blood pressure, diagnosis and treatment of IDH and ISH. Pre-hypertension and systolic and diastolic hypertension is under-treated and thiazide diuretics are underutilized. This study can be used to identify targets and approaches to improve hypertension management at the primary care level. Source

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