Gujarat Cancer Research Institute

Ahmadābād, India

Gujarat Cancer Research Institute

Ahmadābād, India
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AlSalhi M.,King Saud University | Masilamani V.,King Saud University | Trinka V.,Thendrel Inc. | Elangovan M.,Thendrel Inc. | And 2 more authors.
Technology in Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2011

This paper pertains to a new technique based on fluorescence emission spectra (FES), and stokes shift spectra (SSS) of blood plasma, acetone extract of cellular fraction, and urine. These samples were collected from 60 cancer patients of different etiology and 60 age adjusted controls for a single blind study. A set of ratio parameters were obtained from the above spectra (FES and SSS of above three sets of samples), based on the relative intensity of biofluorophores like tryptophan, tyrosine, flavin etc. It was found that these biofluorophores go out of proportion for malignancy of any etiolology. The study was done in two phases: calibration and validation. Based on a certain set of ratios obtained by simple statistical analysis, in the calibration phase, the blinded samples of validation phase were spectrally analysed and classified as normal or malignant. The scoring done by independent oncologists (who were not involved in any part of this new technique) yielded an overall sensitivity of 87%, and specificity of 83%. The result indicate that new optical spectroscopic techniques could be a simple, non-invasive protocol for detection of cancers, particularly in symptomatic cases; or for monitoring the post treated cases of cancer. ©Adenine Press (2011).


Harjani R.R.,Gujarat Cancer & Research Institute | Gururajachar J.M.,Ms Ramaiah Medical College | Krishnaswamy U.,St Johns National Academy Of Health Science
Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy | Year: 2016

Aim The aim of this prospective study was to assess Somnolence Syndrome (SS) in patients undergoing radiation to the brain. Background SS is one of the sequelae of radiation to the brain, which is observed within three months of radiation. This is a self-limiting condition and a failure to diagnose leads to unnecessary investigations. This study was undertaken to objectively and subjectively analyze the occurrence, clinical presentation and severity of SS. Materials and methods Thirty-three patients receiving radiation to the brain were included in the study. Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was used for subjective assessment and the Littman Somnolence Syndrome (LSS) scale was used for objective assessment of SS. Sleep Latency Test (SLT) was used to quantify SS. Results VAS scores showed an initial fall until week 3, followed by a plateau and a sudden increase after week 10. LSS scale at week 11 and 12 showed that 13 patients (43.3%) had grade 2, 5 (16.7%) had grade 3; and 2 (6.7%) had grade 4 SS. SLT revealed a shift of predominant sleep pattern from NREM 1 to NREM 2 at 6 weeks after radiation with a p value of 0.0412. Conclusions An insight into SS, its features, frequency of occurrence and self limiting nature can prevent anxiety and unwarranted investigations in the immediate post radiation period. © 2016 Greater Poland Cancer Centre


PubMed | Ms Ramaiah Medical College, St Johns National Academy Of Health Science and Gujarat Cancer & Research Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Reports of practical oncology and radiotherapy : journal of Greatpoland Cancer Center in Poznan and Polish Society of Radiation Oncology | Year: 2016

The aim of this prospective study was to assess Somnolence Syndrome (SS) in patients undergoing radiation to the brain.SS is one of the sequelae of radiation to the brain, which is observed within three months of radiation. This is a self-limiting condition and a failure to diagnose leads to unnecessary investigations. This study was undertaken to objectively and subjectively analyze the occurrence, clinical presentation and severity of SS.Thirty-three patients receiving radiation to the brain were included in the study. Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was used for subjective assessment and the Littman Somnolence Syndrome (LSS) scale was used for objective assessment of SS. Sleep Latency Test (SLT) was used to quantify SS.VAS scores showed an initial fall until week 3, followed by a plateau and a sudden increase after week 10. LSS scale at week 11 and 12 showed that 13 patients (43.3%) had grade 2, 5 (16.7%) had grade 3; and 2 (6.7%) had grade 4 SS. SLT revealed a shift of predominant sleep pattern from NREM 1 to NREM 2 at 6 weeks after radiation with a An insight into SS, its features, frequency of occurrence and self limiting nature can prevent anxiety and unwarranted investigations in the immediate post radiation period.


PubMed | Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, G Kuppuswamy Naidu Memorial Hospital, Cachar Cancer Hospital and Research Center, Christian Medical College and 5 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: BMC women's health | Year: 2017

The lower incidence of breast cancer in Asian populations where the intake of animal products is lower than that of Western populations has led some to suggest that a vegetarian diet might reduce breast cancer risk.Between 2011 and 2014 we conducted a multicentre hospital based case-control study in eight cancer centres in India. Eligible cases were women aged 30-70 years, with newly diagnosed invasive breast cancer (ICD10 C50). Controls were frequency matched to the cases by age and region of residence and chosen from the accompanying attendants of the patients with cancer or those patients in the general hospital without cancer. Information about dietary, lifestyle, reproductive and socio-demographic factors were collected using an interviewer administered structured questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals for the risk of breast cancer in relation to lifelong vegetarianism, adjusting for known risk factors for the disease.The study included 2101 cases and 2255 controls. The mean age at recruitment was similar in cases (49.7years (SE 9.7)) and controls (49.8years (SE 9.1)). About a quarter of the population were lifelong vegetarians and the rates varied significantly by region. On multivariate analysis, with adjustment for known risk factors for the disease, the risk of breast cancer was not decreased in lifelong vegetarians (OR 1.09 (95% CI 0.93-1.29)).Lifelong exposure to a vegetarian diet appears to have little, if any effect on the risk of breast cancer.


PubMed | Pramukswami Medical College, MP Shah Medical College, Vs Medical College, Gujarat Cancer Research Institute and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical orthopaedics and trauma | Year: 2016

Leiomyoma is a benign tumor of smooth muscle origin and commonly diagnosed in the uterus, gastrointestinal tract, skin, and mucous membranes. To the best of our knowledge, the only reported intraosseous leiomyomas in extremities occurred in the proximal aspect and distal aspect of the femur, in the tibia, and in the ulna. We are not aware of any previous reports of intraosseous leiomyomas in the foot. The radiograph of the intraosseous leiomyoma shows unilocular or multilocular lytic lesion with sclerotic rim. Due to lack of definitive radiological features on magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography diagnosis of this rare tumor is established with histopathological study and immuno-histochemistry markers. Smooth muscle spindle cells and positive immunohistochemistry markers for muscle cells is hall mark for the diagnosis. The treatment of intraosseous leiomyoma is surgical intervention by excision with wide margin and curettage followed by filling the cavity. The diagnosis of this tumor is challenging due to its extraordinarily rare incidence. Intraosseous leiomyoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of intraosseous lesion with benign radiographic feature. We report of the first published case of primary intraosseous leiomyoma of calcaneum in a 22-year-old male patient.


Das U.,Gujarat Cancer Research Institute | Patel S.,Gujarat Cancer Research Institute | Dave K.,Gujarat Cancer Research Institute | Bhansali R.,Gujarat Cancer Research Institute
South Asian Journal of Cancer | Year: 2014

Aim: To assess the nutritional status of gynecological cancer patients using scored Patient Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) then compare it with the body mass index (BMI), hemoglobin, serum albumin, and approximate percentage weight lost in last 1 month so as to find any one parameter that can be used in place of the comprehensive assessment tool. Materials and Methods: Sixty gynecological cancer patients were assessed for their nutritional status using BMI, serum albumin, hemoglobin, percentage weight lost in last 1 month, and scored PG-SGA. Correlation, sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of the former four parameters compared to scored PG-SGA were calculated. Results: 88.33% of cases were at risk of or had some degree of malnutrition according to scored PG-SGA. Serum albumin level ≤ 2 g/dl had highest specificity and positive predictive value at 1, whereas percentage weight lost in last month had better overall sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of 0.5833, 0.9444, 0.875, and 0.7727, respectively. The Pearson′s correlation coefficient between scored PG-SGA and percentage weight lost in last 1 month was 0.784, highest among all the parameters. Conclusion: 88.33% of gynecologic cancer cases had some degree of malnutrition or were at risk of malnutrition. Approximate percentage weight lost in last 1 month, that is, ≥ 5% may be used in place of the comprehensive scored PG-SGA to triage the patients in case the latter is not used for some reason. Severe hypoalbuminemia ≤ 2 g/dl is an indicator of severe malnutrition in gynecologic cancer cases. © 2014. The South Asian Journal of Cancer.


Bhargavan R.V.,Gujarat Cancer Research Institute
The Gulf journal of oncology | Year: 2012

This is a retrospective study of 57 patients with extremity soft tissue sarcomas treated at Gujarat Cancer Research Institute, Gujarat, India from January 2005 to December 2007. It aims to review the feasibility of limb sparing surgery for extremity soft tissue sarcoma in Indian population. Twenty-eight percent (28%) of tumors were located in the upper limbs and 72% in the lower extremities. The goal of treatment was limb salvage if feasible. The treatment consisted of amputation in 17 (30%) and local wide excision i.e. limb salvage surgery (LSS) in 40 (70%) patients. The most common histology was pleomorphic sarcoma (21%). Sixty-four percent (64%) of the patients were treated with surgery alone, 32% with surgery plus radiation and 4% with surgery plus systemic chemotherapy. Inadequate margins were present in 12% of the patients. All the patients were followed up for at least 2 years. Recurrence in the form of local and distant occurred in 39% of the patients. Local recurrence occurred in 18% of the patients who underwent LSS and in 35% of those who underwent amputation. Pulmonary metastasis was detected in 16% of patients. The 2 year mortality was 10.5% with the most common etiology being lung metastasis and the most common histology being leiomyosarcoma. We concluded that limb salvage surgery for soft tissue sarcoma is feasible in the Indian population (70%) although the rate is lower than that of world literature at 90%.


Sharma P.,Gujarat Cancer Research Institute | Trivedi P.,Gujarat Cancer Research Institute | Shah M.J.,Gujarat Cancer Research Institute
Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology | Year: 2014

Context: Brain metastases are the most common intracranial neoplasms. They are often the first symptom of systemic malignancy. Hence, immunohistochemistry (IHC) is of importance in evaluating the origin of brain metastases. Aims: The aim was to detect the primary site of brain metastases and evaluate the role of IHC in diagnosing the same. Materials and Methods: Data of 74 patients of brain metastases with unknown primary was analyzed. IHC was performed in these cases. The histopathological findings were correlated with clinical and radiological data. Results: Of 74 cases in which IHC was done; the most common primary site was lung (51 cases). Even after applying IHC, the primary could not be diagnosed in 10 cases. Conclusion: Brain metastases are often the first indicator of systemic malignancy. Lung is the most common primary site in cases with unknown primary, as deduced by IHC findings.


Sarkar M.,Indira Gandhi Medical College | Madabhavi I.,Gujarat Cancer Research Institute | Niranjan N.,Indira Gandhi Medical College | Dogra M.,Primary Health Center
Annals of Thoracic Medicine | Year: 2015

Auscultation of the lung is an important part of the respiratory examination and is helpful in diagnosing various respiratory disorders. Auscultation assesses airflow through the trachea-bronchial tree. It is important to distinguish normal respiratory sounds from abnormal ones for example crackles, wheezes, and pleural rub in order to make correct diagnosis. It is necessary to understand the underlying pathophysiology of various lung sounds generation for better understanding of disease processes. Bedside teaching should be strengthened in order to avoid erosion in this age old procedure in the era of technological explosion.


PubMed | Gujarat Cancer Research Institute
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Journal of cancer research and therapeutics | Year: 2016

Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common, malignant tumor of liver. Most cases of hepatocellular carcinoma are associated with either viral hepatitis or cirrhosis. But major risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma in developing countries is mainly chronic hepatitis B. Sorafenib is one of the first-line drug which has been extensively used in metastatic and inoperable hepatocellular carcinoma. We report a rare case of spontaneous deep venous thrombosis of bilateral lower limbs as an important unrecognized side effect of sorafenib.

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