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Yang L.,The Third Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College | Yang L.,Guizhou Provincial Cardiovascular Institute | Guan H.,Peking Union Medical College | He J.,The Third Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College | And 7 more authors.
Cell Biology International | Year: 2012

We have investigated whether VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) regulates the proliferative capacity and eNOS (endothelial nitric oxide synthase)/NO (nitric oxide) pathway of EPCs (endothelial progenitor cells) by activating CaN (calcineurin)/NFAT (nuclear factor of activated T-cells) signalling. EPCs were obtained from cultured mononuclear cells isolated from the peripheral blood of healthy adults. Treatment with VEGF (50 ng/ml) potently promoted CaN enzymatic activity, activation of NFAT2, cell proliferation, eNOS protein expression and NO production. Pretreatment with cyclosporin A (10 mg/ml), a pharmacological inhibitor of CaN or 11R-VIVIT, a special inhibitor of NFAT, completely abrogated the aforementioned effects of VEGF treatment and increased apoptosis. The results indicate that VEGF treatment promotes the proliferative capacity of human EPCs by activating CaN/NFAT signalling leading to increased eNOS protein expression and NO production. © The Author(s) Journal compilation © 2012 Portland Press Limited.

Zhang C.,Guizhou Provincial Cardiovascular Institute | Yi W.,Guizhou Provincial Cardiovascular Institute | Cai Y.,Guizhou Provincial Cardiovascular Institute | Fang S.,Guizhou Provincial Cardiovascular Institute | And 3 more authors.
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and effectiveness of a novel method for the selective transcoronary closure of small coronary arteries by the intraluminal application of radiofrequency (RF) energy. Twenty-six small (diameter of 1-2 mm) coronary artery branches were selected in 13 dogs. An RF electrode wire (CRW-Zcy) was placed into the target vessel and a coronary balloon was used to transiently block the blood flow and limit damage to the proximal vessel. A therapeutic dosage of 20-30 W of RT energy every 10-30 sec (selected according the diameter of the target artery) was discharged via the CRW-Zcy inside a microcatheter two or three times in order to achieve arterial closure. A high dosage of 60 W every 120 sec of RF energy was used to conduct the safety study. All 26 branches were successfully closed resulting in the complete blockage of the antegrade and retrograde flows. The area of injury was limited to the target artery and the supplied myocardium. High-dose RF did not cause injury to the adjacent vessels and myocardium. The animals tolerated the procedure well without any untoward systemic effects. A follow-up angiography at two weeks revealed no evidence of recanalization or retrograde filling of the target artery. Percutaneous transluminal radiofrequency closure is a safe and effective interventional approach for closing the small coronary arteries, and is potentially valuable for further investigation.

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