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Ma B.,The third the Peoples Hospital of Bengbu | Li M.,Anhui Provincial Hospital | Zhang L.,Lanxi Peoples Hospital | Huang M.,The third the Peoples Hospital of Bengbu | And 6 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2015

The pathogenesis of osteosarcoma involves complex genetic and epigenetic factors. This study was to explore the impact and clinical relevance of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), Taurine up-regulated gene 1 (TUG1) on patients with osteosarcoma. Seventy-six osteosarcoma tissues and matched adjacent normal tissues were included for analysis. The plasma samples were obtained from 29 patients with osteosarcoma at pre-operation and post-operation, 42 at newly diagnosed, 18 who experienced disease progression or relapse, 45 post-treatment, 36 patients with benign bone tumor, and 20 healthy donors. Quantitative real-time reverse transcript polymerase chain reactions were used to assess the correlation of the expression levels of TUG1 with clinical parameters of osteosarcoma patients. TUG1 was significantly overexpressed in the osteosarcoma tissues compared with matched adjacent normal tissues (P < 0.01) and was closely correlated with tumor size, post-operative chemotherapy, and Enneking surgical stage. Upregulation of TUG1 strongly correlated with poor prognosis and was an independent prognostic indicator for overall survival (HR = 2.78, 95% CI = 1.29–6.00, P = 0.009) and progression-free survival (HR = 1.81, 95% CI = 1.01–3.54, P = 0.037). Our constructed nomogram containing TUG1 had more predictive accuracy than that without TUG1 (c-index 0.807 versus 0.776, respectively). In addition, for plasma samples, TUG1 expression levels were obviously decreased in post-operative patients (mean ΔCT −4.98 ± 0.22) compared with pre-operation patients (mean ΔCT −6.09 ± 0.74), and the changes of TUG1 expression levels were significantly associated with disease status. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis demonstrated that TUG1 could distinguish patients with osteosarcoma from healthy individuals compared with alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (the area under curve 0.849 versus 0.544). TUG1 was overexpressed in patients with osteosarcoma and strongly correlated with disease status. In addition, TUG1 may serve as a molecular indicator in maintaining surveillance and forecasting prognosis. © 2015 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) Source

Deng B.,Guizhou Province Osteological Hospital | Qiu B.,Guizhou Province Osteological Hospital
Tumor Biology | Year: 2015

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignant bone tumor, notorious for its metastasis. We have recently shown that shikonin, an effective constituent extracted from Chinese medicinal herb, induces necroptosis in OS cells. Nevertheless, the effects of low-dose shikonin on the invasiveness of OS cells are unknown. Here, we showed that shikonin dose-dependently decreased OS cell invasiveness in both scratch wound healing assay and transwell cell migration assay. Moreover, the direct target of shikonin on cell invasiveness was found to be matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13. Further, the inhibitory effects of shikonin on cell invasiveness were completely abolished in MMP13-overexpressing OS cells. Together, these data suggest that shikonin may suppress OS invasiveness through MMP13 suppression. Thus, our data highlight a previous unappreciated role for shikonin in suppressing OS cell metastasis. © 2015, International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM). Source

Deng B.,Guizhou Province Osteological Hospital | Feng Y.,Guizhou Province Osteological Hospital
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry | Year: 2015

Background/Aims: Osteosarcoma (OS) is a primary malignant bone tumor in humans, and is notorious mainly for its distal metastases. We have recently shown that Shikonin, an effective constituent extracted from Chinese medicinal herb, inhibits OS cell invasion through suppression of matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP13). However, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Methods: Here, we studied the levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-induced protein 8-like 2 (TIPE2) in OS cells upon Shikonin treatment. TIPE2 levels were adapted in OS cell lines through transfection with plasmids carrying transgene or short-hairpin interference RNA (shRNA), and the effects of TIPE2 adaptation on MMP13 and cell invasiveness were evaluated by RT-qPCR, Western blot, ELISA and transwell cell migration assay, respectively. TIPE2 levels in OS specimens from patients were examined and correlated with cancer metastases and patient survival. Results: We found that Shikonin dose-dependently decreased MMP13 levels, and increased TIPE2 levels in two OS cell lines, U2OS and SaOS-2. Overexpression of TIPE2 in U2OS significantly suppressed MMP13 levels and cell invasiveness. Depletion of TIPE2 in SaOS-2 cells significantly increased MMP13 levels and cell invasiveness. Moreover, TIPE2 levels in OS specimens were significantly decreased, compared to adjacent non-cancer bone tissue. Lower TIPE2 levels correlated with higher incidence of metastases and worse 5-year survival. Conclusion: TIPE2 mediates the suppressive effects of Shikonin on MMP13 in osteosarcoma cells, and TIPE2 may be a novel therapeutic target for OS. © 2015 The Author(s) Published by S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

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