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Latrasse D.,8618 UniversiteParis Sud | Jegu T.,8618 UniversiteParis Sud | Meng P.-H.,8618 UniversiteParis Sud | Meng P.-H.,Guizhou Academy of Agricultural science | And 9 more authors.
Nucleic Acids Research | Year: 2013

Because regulation of its activity is instrumental either to support cell proliferation and growth or to promote cell death, the universal myo-inositol phosphate synthase (MIPS), responsible for myo-inositol biosynthesis, is a critical enzyme of primary metabolism. Surprisingly, we found this enzyme to be imported in the nucleus and to interact with the histone methyltransferases ATXR5 and ATXR6, raising the question of whether MIPS1 has a function in transcriptional regulation. Here, we demonstrate that MIPS1 binds directly to its promoter to stimulate its own expression by locally inhibiting the spreading of ATXR5/6-dependent heterochromatin marks coming from a transposable element. Furthermore, on activation of pathogen response, MIPS1 expression is reduced epigenetically, providing evidence for a complex regulatory mechanism acting at the transcriptional level. Thus, in plants, MIPS1 appears to have evolved as a protein that connects cellular metabolism, pathogen response and chromatin remodeling. © The Author(s) 2013.

Zhai R.,China National Rice Research Institute | Feng Y.,China National Rice Research Institute | Wang H.,ShenYang Agricultural University | Zhan X.,China National Rice Research Institute | And 8 more authors.
BMC Genomics | Year: 2013

Background: Heterosis is a phenomenon in which hybrids exhibit superior performance relative to parental phenotypes. In addition to the heterosis of above-ground agronomic traits on which most existing studies have focused, root heterosis is also an indispensable component of heterosis in the entire plant and of major importance to plant breeding. Consequently, systematic investigations of root heterosis, particularly in reproductive-stage rice, are needed. The recent advent of RNA sequencing technology (RNA-Seq) provides an opportunity to conduct in-depth transcript profiling for heterosis studies.Results: Using the Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform, the root transcriptomes of the super-hybrid rice variety Xieyou 9308 and its parents were analyzed at tillering and heading stages. Approximately 391 million high-quality paired-end reads (100-bp in size) were generated and aligned against the Nipponbare reference genome. We found that 38,872 of 42,081 (92.4%) annotated transcripts were represented by at least one sequence read. A total of 829 and 4186 transcripts that were differentially expressed between the hybrid and its parents (DGHP) were identified at tillering and heading stages, respectively. Out of the DGHP, 66.59% were down-regulated at the tillering stage and 64.41% were up-regulated at the heading stage. At the heading stage, the DGHP were significantly enriched in pathways related to processes such as carbohydrate metabolism and plant hormone signal transduction, with most of the key genes that are involved in the two pathways being up-regulated in the hybrid. Several significant DGHP that could be mapped to quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for yield and root traits are also involved in carbohydrate metabolism and plant hormone signal transduction pathways.Conclusions: An extensive transcriptome dataset was obtained by RNA-Seq, giving a comprehensive overview of the root transcriptomes at tillering and heading stages in a heterotic rice cross and providing a useful resource for the rice research community. Using comparative transcriptome analysis, we detected DGHP and identified a group of potential candidate transcripts. The changes in the expression of the candidate transcripts may lay a foundation for future studies on molecular mechanisms underlying root heterosis. © 2013 Zhai et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Song M.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Xu W.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Xiang Y.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Xiang Y.,Guizhou Academy of Agricultural science | And 3 more authors.
Plant Molecular Biology | Year: 2014

Jacalin-related lectins (JRLs) are carbohydrate-binding proteins widely present in plants and have one or more jacalin domains in common. However, JRLs' structural types and functions are still poorly understood. In the present study, a total of 67 wheat (Triticum aestivum) JRL genes were identified through an exhausted search of EST database coupling with genome walking using published 454 sequence reads of Chinese Spring. A comparison of the translated wheat JRL proteins with those from other plants showed plant JRLs generally had low sequence similarity within and between species but exhibited conserved modular domain structures. More JRL genes encoded multiple jacalin domains in Arabidopsis thaliana, whereas more genes encoded chimeric JRLs in cereal plants. Dirigent domain-containing JRL genes were Poaceae-specific and accounted for nearly half of the identified wheat JRL genes. The dirigent domains were evolutionarily significantly correlated with the covalently linked jacalin domains. A phylogenetic analysis showed JRL proteins have experienced a substantial diversification after speciation. Moreover, new structural features conserved across the taxa were identified. Digital expression analysis and RT-PCR assays showed the expression of wheat JRL genes was largely tissue specific, typically low, and mostly inducible by biotic and abiotic stresses and stress hormones. These results suggest plant JRLs are critical for plant adaptation to stressful environments. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Peng L.-J.,Guizhou University | Sun T.,Chongqing Entry Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau | Yang Y.-L.,Liupanshui Normal University | Cai L.,CAS Institute of Microbiology | And 4 more authors.
Mycoscience | Year: 2013

Twenty-six strains representing three species of Colletotrichum were isolated from leaf and fruit lesions of vitaceous plants in Guizhou and Yunnan provinces, China. The strains were characterized by morphology and phylogenetic analyses of actin, β-tubulin, calmodulin, glutamine synthetase, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and rDNA internal transcribed spacer gene sequences. The combined dataset showed that 20 of 26 strains represented a novel species, the rest being Colletotrichum fructicola (four strains) and Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (two strains). The new species is described herein as Colletotrichum viniferum. Its conidia, compared with similar Colletotrichum species are cylindrical and 12e 16 mm long. Based on pathogenicity tests, C. viniferum caused leaf spots and anthracnose of table grape but was not host-specific. © 2012 The Mycological Society of Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Wang J.,Chinese Academy of science | Wang J.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Feng X.,Chinese Academy of science | Anderson C.W.N.,Massey University | And 3 more authors.
Plant and Soil | Year: 2014

Aims: The thiosulphate induced accumulation of mercury by the three plants Brassica juncea var.LDZY, Brassica juncea var.ASKYC and Brassica napus var. ZYYC and the transformation of mercury fractionation in the rhizosphere of each plant was investigated in the field. Methods: Experimental farmland was divided into control and thiosulphate plots. Each plot was divided into three subplots with each planted with one of the plants. After harvesting, the mercury concentration in plants, mercury fractionation in rhizosphere soil before and after phytoextraction, and the vertical distribution of bioavailable mercury in bulk soil profiles was analyzed. Results: The cultivar B. juncea var.LDZY accumulated a higher amount of mercury in shoots than the other two plants. Thiosulphate treatment promoted an increase in the concentration of metal in plants and a transformation of Fe/Mn oxide-bound and organic-bound mercury (potential bioavailable fractions) into soluble and exchangeable and specifically-sorbed fractions in the rhizosphere. The observed increase in bioavailable rhizosphere mercury concentration was restricted to the root zone; mercury did not move down the soil profile as a function of thiosulphate application to soil. Conclusions: Thiosulphate-induced phytoextraction has the potential to manage environmental risk of mercury in soil by decreasing the concentration of mercury associated with potential bioavailable fraction that can be accumulated by crop plants. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

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