PubMed | Guizhou Liberation Army Hospital of The Second Group of The Third Camp, Shanxi Medical University, Guiyang Medical College Guiyang and Luzhou Medical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of clinical and experimental pathology | Year: 2015
To investigate the expression and correlation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-7 and interleukin (IL)-15 in human osteoarthritis (OA).From October 2013 to December 2014, 30 patients with OA were enrolled. In addition, anther 30 patients with simple meniscus injury were collected as a control group. There were no significant differences in age and gender between the two groups. Articular cartilage tissue was obtained from both OA patients and control group patients. Protein, mRNA, and serum expression levels of MMP-7 and IL-15 in the both two groups were determined by immunohistochemical (IHC), in situ hybridization, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) assay, respectively. Additionally, correlation between MMP-7 and IL-15 expression level in cartilage tissue and serum was assessed using Pearson correlation analysis.Protein, mRNA, and serum expression levels of MMP-7 and IL-15 in patients with OA were all significantly increased in OA patients compared with the control group. Besides, there were strong positive relationships between articular MMP-7 level and serum MMP-7 level (R(2) = 0.573, P = 0.018), between articular IL-15 level and serum IL-15 level (R(2) = 0.861, P = 0.023), and between serum IL-15 level and serum MMP-7 level (R(2) = 0.602, P = 0.012).These results suggest that MMP-7 and IL-15 might play important roles in the pathogenesis of OA, and IL-15 and MMP-7 has positive correlation in OA.
PubMed | The First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical College Kunming 650032, Guiyang Medical College Guiyang and PLA Fourth Military Medical University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of clinical and experimental medicine | Year: 2015
To evaluate the therapeutic effects of AACB/BMP/bFGF, a novel tissue-engineered bone, in repairing femoral head defect and necrosis in dog models.Dog models of avascular necrosis of femoral head (ANFH) were established by liquid nitrogen freezing method. Group A was untreated; Groups B, C, and D were implanted with AACB, AACB/BMP, and AACB/BMP/bFGF complex, respectively; Group E was grafted with autologous cancellous bone. Samples were collected at 3 w, 6 w, and 12 w after operation. A series of examinations were carried out to investigate the effects of the materials in repairing femoral head defect, including anatomical observation, X-ray examination, histological analysis, and vascular immunohistochemical staining.Our results indicated that, compared with AACB alone and AACB/BMP, AACB/BMP/bFGF complex could exert the most efficient therapeutic effects in dog ANFH models. X-ray examination further confirmed that AACB/BMP/bFGF complex could effectively repair the injuries in dog ANFH models, almost to a comparable level with cancellous bone autografts. Moreover, histological analysis indicated that AACB/BMP/bFGF complex greatly enhanced the new bone formation, which would contribute to the healing of ANFH. Furthermore, vascular immunohistochemical staining revealed that AACB/BMP/bFGF complex could significantly stimulate the revascularization in defect areas, reflecting the post-injury healing process in these models.AACB/BMP/bFGF complex has great potential in repairing femoral head defect by enhancing osteogenesis and revascularization. The novel tissue-engineered bone would be widely used in clinical applications for ANFH treatment, especially as an alternative for autografts.