Wang H.,Guiyang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine |
Tanaka Y.,Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine |
Kawauchi A.,Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine |
Miki T.,Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine |
And 2 more authors.
Neuroscience Research | Year: 2012
Acupuncture of the sacral vertebrae has therapeutic effects in patients with overactive bladders. The mechanism of these effects, however, remains unclear. The present study, using urethane-anesthetized rats, investigated the effects of acupuncture stimulation of the sacral vertebrae on bladder activity and bladder activity-related neurons in and around Barrington's nucleus. In 95 of 147 trials (64.6%), acupuncture stimulation of the sacral vertebrae for 1. min suppressed bladder contraction for 27-2347. s. Acupuncture-induced suppression of bladder contraction was blocked by intraperitoneal injection of bicuculline (Bic). Acupuncture stimulation strongly affected bladder activity-related neurons, including those which fired only prior to the start of contraction (Type E1), those whose firing was maintained during contraction (Type E2), and those whose firing was strongly suppressed during contraction (Type I). All Type E1 neurons and most (93.8%) Type E2 neurons decreased firing when bladder activity was suppressed by acupuncture stimulation. Four of 14 (28.6%) Type I neurons exhibited an excitatory response while 3 of 14 (21.4%) exhibited an inhibitory response. These findings suggest that acupuncture stimulation of the sacral vertebrae suppresses bladder contraction and changes the firing properties of bladder activity-related neurons in and around Barrington's nucleus, and that these changes are mediated by GABAergic systems. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd and the Japan Neuroscience Society.
He G.-Z.,Guiyang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Experimental Parasitology | Year: 2012
The amebiasis cysteine proteinase gene (ACP1) encoding an antigen from Entamoeba histolytica, as well as the recombinant ACP1, obtained by cloning and expression of the ACP1 gene in heterologous host Escherichia coli BL-21 (DE3), were used to evaluate their ability to induce immune protective responses in minipig against challenge infection in a minipig - E. histolytica model. There was a 64.52% reduction (P< 0.001) in the group of recovery of challenged E. histolytica compared with that in the control group. Specific anti-ACP1 antibodies from immune protected minipig had significantly higher levels of immunoglobulin G (IgG) (P< 0.001). Our data indicate recombinant ACP1 may be a potential target as a vaccine antigen. © 2011 Elsevier Inc..
Wang R.,Guizhou University |
Wang R.,Guiyang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine |
Hanna M.A.,University of Nebraska - Lincoln |
Zhou W.-W.,Guizhou University |
And 4 more authors.
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2011
A comparative study on the composition, biodiesel production and fuel properties of non-edible oils from Euphorbia lathyris L. (EL), Sapium sebiferum L. (SS), and Jatropha curcas L. (JC) was conducted. Under optimal conditions, the FAME content and yield of the three oils were greater than 97.5. wt.% and 84.0%, respectively. The best biodiesel was produced from EL due to its high monounsaturation (82.66. wt.%, Cn: 1), low polyunsaturation (6.49. wt.%, Cn: 2, 3) and appropriate proportion of saturated components (8.78. wt.%, Cn: 0). Namely, EL biodiesel possessed a cetane number of 59.6, an oxidation stability of 10.4. h and a cold filter plug point of -11 °C. However, the cetane number (40.2) and oxidative stability (0.8. h) of dewaxed SS kernel oil (DSSK) biodiesel were low due to the high polyunsaturation (72.79. wt.%). In general, the results suggest that E. lathyris L. is a promising species for biodiesel feedstock. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Li T.,CAS Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences |
Lin G.,Guiyang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine |
Zhang X.,CAS Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences |
Chen Y.,CAS Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences |
And 2 more authors.
Mycorrhiza | Year: 2014
Both arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and root hairs play important roles in plant uptake of water and mineral nutrients. To reveal the relative importance of mycorrhiza and root hairs in plant water relations, a bald root barley (brb) mutant and its wild type (wt) were grown with or without inoculation of the AM fungus Rhizophagus intraradices under well-watered or drought conditions, and plant physiological traits relevant to drought stress resistance were recorded. The experimental results indicated that the AM fungus could almost compensate for the absence of root hairs under drought-stressed conditions. Moreover, phosphorus (P) concentration, leaf water potential, photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, stomatal conductance, and water use efficiency were significantly increased by R. intraradices but not by root hairs, except for shoot P concentration and photosynthetic rate under the drought condition. Root hairs even significantly decreased root P concentration under drought stresses. These results confirm that AM fungi can enhance plant drought tolerance by improvement of P uptake and plant water relations, which subsequently promote plant photosynthetic performance and growth, while root hairs presumably contribute to the improvement of plant growth and photosynthetic capacity through an increase in shoot P concentration. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Cui S.,Guiyang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Zhen ci yan jiu = Acupuncture research / [Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan Yi xue qing bao yan jiu suo bian ji] | Year: 2012
Cupping therapy of Chinese medicine is able to relieve a variety of diseases or clinical conditions, which results from the comprehensive effects of multiple types of stimulation exerted onto the regional acupoint areas. Among the stimuli, the negative pressure from cupping is one of the main factors inducing therapeutic effects. In the present paper, the authors review development of researches on the underlying mechanism of therapeutic effects of cupping-negative pressure from 1) the factor of intra-cup negative pressure; 2) influence of intra-cup negative pressure on cup-blackspot formation; 3) influence of cupping on regional blood vessels and blood flow; 4) effect of cupping on regional ultrastructure of the capillary in the raw-surface tissue; 5) effect of cupping-negative pressure on regional endothelial cells; and 6) biological effects of negative pressure drainage. Generally, cupping induced negative pressure can dilate local blood vessels to improve microcirculation, promote capillary endothelial cells repair, accelerate granulation and angiogenesis, etc., in the regional tissues, normalizing the patients' functional state at last.
He X.C.,Guiyang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica | Year: 2012
Astilbin in 28 Smilax glabra (red and white cross-section) from different sources was determined by HPLC. Pharmacodynamics and component of S. glabra was investigated through inflammation experiment (penetration type). The analysis was performed on a Hypersil ODS2 column (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) with the mobile phase of acetonitrile and 0. 1% acetic acid aqueous (21: 79) at a flow rate of 1.0 mL x min(-1). The detection wavelength was 291 nm, and the column temperature was 25 degrees C. Anti-inflammatory effect was compared from two type cross-section of Smilax glabra in capillary permeability experiment. Linear correlation was good in the range of 0.003 379-4.004 microg, and the average recoveries were 100.1%, 101.9%, 99.3%, respectively. The content of astilbin in white and red transverse section were 0.19%-2.46% and 2.10%-5.92%, respectively. Anti-inflammatory efficiency of sectioned red and white were were 21% and 32%, respectively. Astilbin content and anti-inflammatory effect is significantly different between red and white transverse section of S. glabra, the content of astilbin is not positively related with anti-inflammatory effect.
Zhou H.-P.,Guiyang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine
2013 25th Chinese Control and Decision Conference, CCDC 2013 | Year: 2013
In classical virus spread model, the virus spreading process is described by infected probability, this process ignored some spreading details and the duration of contact. For this reason, we proposed a delay included dynamic virus spreading model and simulated the viruses' spreading process by cellular automata method. The unexpected result shows that the individual's moving behavior can hinder the viruses' spreading process as delay is existed. This conclusion broke with the idea that individuals' moving behavior improves viruses' spreading process, which is helpful for people to understand viruses' spreading phenomenon. © 2013 IEEE.
Shao H.,Guiyang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Applied Mechanics and Materials | Year: 2013
Use accurate springback evaluation method to guide modifying die surfaces, that is the first pledge to rectify the springback of sheet metal stamping by mould compensation method. Aiming at the problems in springback evaluation of complex sheet metal stamping and to improve the simulation precision of finite element, presented the face-to-face selection methods to select reference points evaluating springback, then used this method on the spiral blade's reference points selecting and springback evaluation. Result shows that this method can determine the range of reference points evaluating springback rapidly and get a comparatively accurate result of springback evaluation. © (2013) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.
Yi H.C.,Guiyang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi = Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine / Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he xue hui, Zhongguo Zhong yi yan jiu yuan zhu ban | Year: 2011
To study the feasibility of repairing bone defect by combined autologous bone marrow transplantation, cuttebone, and sodium hyaluronate. Forty-eight New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into four groups. The 10-mm bone defect of the radial shaft animal model was established, with the periosteum remained. Rabbits of Group A were treated by autologous bone marrow transplantation, cuttlebone, and sodium hyaluronate. Those of Group B were treated by autologous bone marrow transplantation and cuttlebone. Rabbits of Group C were implanted with cuttlebone and sodium hyaluronate. And rabbits of Group D were taken as the blank control. There were twelve rabbits in each group. All rabbits were sacrificed, and the general histological examination, X-ray test, the pathohistological observation and scoring, the new born formation area measurement were performed at 2-week, 4-week, 8-week, and 12-week after transplantation respectively. The capacities for bone transplantation and defect repairing were compared and analyzed as well. The bone defect of Group A was completely repaired at week 12. The comprehensive indices at each time point were superior to those of the rest groups, showing statistical significance (P<0.05). The bone repair in Group B and Group C were somewhat poor, with the repairing effect inferior to that of Group A. The bone repairing was better in Group B than in Group C. Most portion of the bone defect in Group D was filled with fibrous tissue and muscular tissue, with little bone repairing. The combined autologous bone marrow transplantation, cuttlebone, and sodium hyaluronate showed obviously synergistically bone forming capacities. It could be taken as a substitute material for transplantation.
Yang X.F.,Guiyang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Zhen ci yan jiu = Acupuncture research / [Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan Yi xue qing bao yan jiu suo bian ji] | Year: 2010
To observe the effect of needle-implantation (NI) at "Neiguan" (PC 6) on the expression of myocardial transforming growth factor-beta 3 Protein(TGF-beta 3) and mRNA in Chinese miniswine with myocardial ischemia (MI) injury. A total of 32 Chinese Guizhou miniswine were randomly and equally divided into Sham-operation group, model group, NI-PC 6 group and NI-Geshu (BL17, NI-BL17) group. MI injury model was established by occlusion of the descending anterior branch of the left coronary artery. Two acupuncture needles (veterinary use) were separately and subcutaneously implanted into "Neiguan" (PC 6) and "Geshu" (BL17) areas for 7 days. TGF-beta 3 protein and mRNA expressions were determined by Western blot and real-time PCR techniques, separately. In comparison with the sham-operation (sham) group, TGF-beta 3 protein and mRNA expressions in model group were upregulated significantly (P < 0.05). While compared with the model group, myocardial TGF-beta3 mRNA expression was upregulated considerably in NI-PC 6 group (P < 0.01), rather than in NI-BL17 group (P > 0.05), and myocardial TGF-beta 3 expression in both NI-PC 6 and NI-BL17 groups was upregulated obviously (P < 0.01). Comparison between NI-PC 6 and NI-BL17 groups showed that the expression levels of myocardial TGF-beta 3 protein and mRNA were significantly higher in NI-PC 6 group than in NI-BL17 group (P < 0.05). Needle-implantation of "Neiguan" (PC 6) can upregulate myocardial TGF-beta 3 protein and mRNA expression in MI Chinese miniswine, which may contribute to its effect in improving the ischemic myocardial injury by way of enhancing the angiopoiesis.