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Jimenez-Wences H.,Autonomous University of Guerrero | Martinez-Carrillo D.N.,Autonomous University of Guerrero | Peralta-Zaragoza O.,National Health Research Institute | Campos-Viguri G.E.,Autonomous University of Guerrero | And 6 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2016

Abnormal expression and promoter methylation of microRNAs (miRNAs) are common events during cervical carcinogenesis. Worldwide, infection by types 18 and 16 of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) is considered the major risk factor for cervical cancer development. It has been reported that expression of the miRNAs can be deregulated by specific HPV genotypes. In this study we analyzed the promoter methylation of 22 miRNAs and the expression of three miRNAs in 10 non-squamous intraepithelial lesions (Non-SIL) without HPV16 infection, and 7 Non-SIL, 16 low-grade SIL (LSIL) and 16 cervical cancer samples, all with HPV16 infection. The methylation status was determined using Human Cancer miRNA EpiTect Methyl II Signature PCR Array and the expression of miR-124, miR-218 and miR-193b was determined by qRT-PCR using individual TaqMan assays. Comparisons of groups defined were performed using the Fisher exact test for categorical variables and Mann-Whitney test for continuous variables. A p-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. The methylation levels of miR-124-2, miR-218-1, miR-218-2 and miR-34b/c promoters were significantly higher in cervical cancer than in LSIL samples. The methylation levels of miR-193b promoter were significantly lower in cervical cancer than in LSIL samples. The expression of miR-124 and miR-218 was significantly lower in cervical cancer than in LSIL samples. The expression of miR-193b was significantly higher in cervical cancer than in LSIL and Non-SIL samples. Our results suggest that the abnormal promoter methylation and expression of miR-124, miR-218 and miR-193b are common events during cervical carcinogenesis.

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