San Donato Milanese, Italy
San Donato Milanese, Italy

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Malaguarnera M.,University of Catania | Vacante M.,University of Catania | Russo C.,University of Catania | Malaguarnera G.,University of Catania | And 6 more authors.
BioMed Research International | Year: 2013

Lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) is an LDL-like molecule consisting of an apolipoprotein B-100 (apo(B-100)) particle attached by a disulphide bridge to apo(a). Many observations have pointed out that Lp(a) levels may be a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Lp(a) inhibits the activation of transforming growth factor (TGF) and contributes to the growth of arterial atherosclerotic lesions by promoting the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells and the migration of smooth muscle cells to endothelial cells. Moreover Lp(a) inhibits plasminogen binding to the surfaces of endothelial cells and decreases the activity of fibrin-dependent tissue-type plasminogen activator. Lp(a) may act as a proinflammatory mediator that augments the lesion formation in atherosclerotic plaques. Elevated serum Lp(a) is an independent predictor of coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction. Furthermore, Lp(a) levels should be a marker of restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, saphenous vein bypass graft atherosclerosis, and accelerated coronary atherosclerosis of cardiac transplantation. Finally, the possibility that Lp(a) may be a risk factor for ischemic stroke has been assessed in several studies. Recent findings suggest that Lp(a)-lowering therapy might be beneficial in patients with high Lp(a) levels. A future therapeutic approach could include apheresis in high-risk patients in order to reduce major coronary events. © 2013 Michele Malaguarnera et al.

Butera G.,GUCH Unit | Saracino A.,GUCH Unit | Danna P.,Sacco Hospital | Sganzerla P.,Treviglio Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2013

Background Transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a widespread procedure. However the "quest" for the ideal device is still ongoing. Here we present the procedural and early results of transcatheter closure of PFO with the GORE® Septal Occluder. Methods Three Italian centers participated in a registry and collected data from 122 consecutive patients undergoing PFO closure by using GSO device. Indication for closure was previous stroke or transient cerebral ischemia in 110 and migraine in 12 subjects. Results The procedure was successful in all patients. The procedure was performed under general anesthesia, fluoroscopic, and trans-esophageal echocardiographic imaging in 80 subjects while it was performed with local anesthesia, fluoroscopic, and intracardiac echocardiographic monitoring in 42 subjects. Twenty patients received a 20 mm device, 70 patients received a 25 mm device, and 32 received a 30 mm device. Procedure and fluoroscopy times were 30 ± 20 and 5 ± 4 min, respectively. In three cases, the implanted device was retrieved because of unsatisfactory position. Four subjects (2.5%) experienced vascular complications. During a median follow-up of 9 months (range 1-18 months) seven patients experienced atrial arrhythmias and four of them required medical treatment. At six months follow-up, at chest X-ray in two cases there was evidence of fracture of two wires of the device. Devices were stable and no treatment was required. Moderate residual shunting was found in two patients at 6- and 12-months follow-up. No other complication occurred. Conclusion GORE® Septal Occluder is an easy, safe, and effective device in closing PFO. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Butera G.,GUCH Unit | Manica J.L.,GUCH Unit | Chessa M.,GUCH Unit | Piazza L.,GUCH Unit | And 4 more authors.
Expert Review of Medical Devices | Year: 2012

Aortic coarctation comprises approximately 7% of all known congenital heart defects. Surgery and balloon angioplasty have been performed for many years but are associated with a significant incidence of recoarctation and aneurysm formation. Although bare-stent implantation decreases the incidence of recoarctation, the risk of aortic dissection or aneurysm formation is not eliminated. Described initially to treat patients with coexistent aneurysm of the aortic wall, we currently believe that covered-stent implantation for aortic coarctation should play a more important role. Our increasing experience from expanding their indication to deal with complications from previous interventions, associated defects or particular anatomical situations has led us to conclude that most of cases of aortic coarctation in adolescents and adults should be treated by the implantation of covered stents. © 2012 Expert Reviews Ltd.

Percutaneous treatment of aortic coarctation is a widely used option. Covered stents have increased the profile of efficacy and safety of this procedure. Here we report on a 32-year-old woman with significant aortic recoarctation associated with aortic wall aneurysm and close proximity of both lesions to the origin of both the subclavian arteries. It was decided to manually and partially uncover the proximal part of the stent to have a hybrid stent that could act as a bare stent at the level of the origin of the subclavian arteries and as a covered stent at the level of the aneurysm. © Cambridge University Press, 2014.

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