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Zhang W.S.,Guangzhou Occupational Diseases Prevention and Treatment Center
Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases | Year: 2012

To study the correlation between noise and blood pressure and/or hypertension, and its age characteristic. The pure tone audiometric and blood pressure examinations were performed in 14537 workers from 157 factories. Hearing impairment was used as a surrogate indicator of cumulated noise exposure. The associations of hearing impairment and duration of noise exposure with blood pressure and hypertension were analyzed respectively after age and gender stratification. Most of the objects were males (81.2%), younger than 35 years old (77.8%), and the duration of exposure to noise was less than 5 years (73.6%). The prevalence of hearing impairment in males was significantly higher than that in males, and increased with age and duration of noise exposure. Only in males with age younger than 35 years old, the systolic and diastolic blood pressures of subjects with sensorineural hearing loss significantly enhanced, and the diastolic blood pressure and prevalence of hypertension increased with duration of noise exposure. The risk of hypertension in males with sensorineural hearing loss significantly increased, the odds ratios in subjects with age younger than 35 years old and with age older than 35 years old were 3.0 (95%CI: 1.5 ∼ 6.1) and 2.1 (95%CI: 1.2 ∼ 3.4), respectively. The severe hearing impairment induced by noise was associated with hypertension. It is suggested that people should pay attention to the effects of noise on hypertension in young workers. Source


Wu L.,Guangzhou Occupational Diseases Prevention and Treatment Center
Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases | Year: 2013

In order to study the feature of T cell TCR-CD3 complex-mediated gene in lead poisoning patients. Real-time PCR with SYBR Green I technique was used for determination of the expression levels of CD3 genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 46 cases lead poisoning patients (11 cases in observation group and 35 cases in mild lead poisoning group) and 31 cases in control group. The median expression levels of CD3γ gene in observation group and mild lead poisoning group (6.89%, 5.87 %) were higher than the control group (P < 0.05). The median expression levels of CD3δ gene in observation group and mild lead poisoning group (0.54%, 0.70%) were lower than the control group (P < 0.05). The median expression levels of CD3ε gene in observation group and mild lead poisoning group (10.22%, 6.08%) were higher than the control group (P < 0.05). A significant Positive correlation was found between CD3γ, CD3ε and seniority in lead poisoning patients. A significant negative correlation was found between CD3ε and blood ZPP, urea δ-ALA (r = -0.358, P < 0.05; r = -0.385, P < 0.05), but there was no significant correlation between them after controlling for blood lead, urea lead. The expression levels of CD3 genes prove to be a descending order of CD3γ, CD3ε, CD3δ in control group, while it was changed for CD3ε, CD3γ, CD3δ in the observation group as well as in mild lead poisoning group. Expression of T cell TCR-CD3 complex-mediated gene was changed in lead poisoning patients, it might be related to the body immunodeficiency. The expression level of CD3ε gene can be used as sensitive immune function screening indicator in Lead poisoning patients. Source


Heys M.,University of Hong Kong | Jiang C.,Guangzhou Occupational Diseases Prevention and Treatment Center | Schooling C.M.,University of Hong Kong | Zhang W.,Guangzhou Occupational Diseases Prevention and Treatment Center | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Epidemiology | Year: 2010

Inadequate childhood nutrition is associated with poor short-term academic and cognitive outcomes. Dietary supplementation with meat is associated with better cognitive outcome in children. Whether childhood nutrition has life long effects on cognitive function is unclear. We examined the association of childhood meat eating with adulthood cognitive function in southern China where the older population lived through significant hardship during their early years. Multivariable linear regression was used in a cross-sectional study of 20,086 Chinese men and women aged iobank Cohort Study (phases 2 and 3) 2005-8. We assessed the association of childhood meat eating with delayed 10-word and immediate recall score. Adjusted for age, sex, education, childhood and adulthood socio-economic position and current physical activity, childhood meat eating almost daily, when compared to yearly or never childhood meat eating, was positively associated with delayed recall score (additional number of words recalled out of 10 = 0.22 [95% confidence interval = 0.11-0.31]). Similarly adjusted, childhood meat eating about once a month, about once a week and almost daily were positively associated with immediate recall score (additional number of words recalled out of 30 = 0.38 [0.23-0.54], 0.73 [0.56-0.89] and 0.76 [0.55-0.98] respectively). More frequent childhood meat eating was associated with better cognition through to old age. If confirmed, these results highlight the importance of adequate childhood nutrition and they also emphasise the childhood and adolescent antecedents of adult disease, with corresponding public health implications for healthy aging. © 2010 The Author(s). Source


Heys M.,University of Hong Kong | Jiang C.,Guangzhou Occupational Diseases Prevention and Treatment Center | Cheng K.K.,University of Birmingham | Zhang W.,Guangzhou Occupational Diseases Prevention and Treatment Center | And 4 more authors.
Psychoneuroendocrinology | Year: 2011

Background: Estrogen has neurotrophic and neuroprotective properties in animal and in vitro studies. Epidemiological studies are inconclusive, but suggest a positive association between endogenous estrogen exposure (measured by reproductive period, the number of years between menarche and menopause) and later life cognitive function. Methods: Structural equation modeling was used in a cross-sectional study of 11,094 naturally postmenopausal multiparous Chinese older (≥50 years) women from the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study (phases 2 and 3) to assess the interrelationship of four proxies of higher endogenous estrogen exposure (longer reproductive period, older age of first pregnancy, lower parity and shorter average duration of breast feeding per child) with immediate and the delayed 10-word recall score in phases 2 and 3, and with the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) score in phase 3 (5641 women). Results: Adjusted for age, education, childhood and adulthood socio-economic position and physical activity, longer reproductive period was associated with higher scores (0.02 words per year, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.008-0.02 for delayed recall and 0.05 MMSE score, 95%CI 0.04-0.07, respectively). Lower parity and shorter average duration of breast-feeding per child were also associated with better cognitive function. Conclusions: In a large cohort of naturally postmenopausal Chinese women proxies of greater endogenous estrogen exposure were associated with better cognitive function. These findings support biological evidence for a cognitively protective role of endogenous estrogen. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Heys M.,University of Hong Kong | Jiang C.,Guangzhou Occupational Diseases Prevention and Treatment Center | Cheng K.K.,University of Birmingham | Zhang W.,Guangzhou Occupational Diseases Prevention and Treatment Center | And 3 more authors.
Annals of Epidemiology | Year: 2010

Purpose: Earlier pubertal maturation in women may be associated with better cognition. It is unclear whether or not this also occurs in men. We tested the hypothesis that earlier pubertal development in men was associated with better cognition in later adulthood in a developing Chinese population. Methods: Multivariable linear regression was used in cross-sectional study of 2463 older, Chinese men from the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study. Mean pubertal age was calculated as the mean of recalled ages of first nocturnal emission, voice breaking and pubarche. We assessed the association of mean pubertal age with delayed 10-word recall and mini-mental state examination (MMSE) scores. Results: Adjusted for age and education, 1 year earlier mean pubertal age was associated with higher delayed 10-word recall (0.06 [95% confidence interval = 0.02-0.10]) and higher MMSE (0.08 [0.03-0.13]) scores. Additional adjustment for childhood and adulthood socio-economic position, sitting height, and leg length did not change the results. Conclusions: These preliminary findings suggest earlier maturation in men is associated with better cognitive function in later adulthood. Whether pubertal timing is a marker of earlier life exposures or reflects a biological relation between somatrophic and/or gonadotrophic hormones and cognitive development is unclear. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. Source

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