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Fan J.-P.,Nanchang University | Zhang L.,Nanchang University | Zhang X.-H.,Nanchang University | Huang J.-Z.,Guangzhou Institute for Drug Control | And 4 more authors.
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry | Year: 2012

In this work, molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction (MISPE) has been used to selectively enrich, purify, or remove synephrine from Aurantii Fructus Immaturus. To this end, a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) was prepared by self-assembly from the template synephrine, the functional monomer methacrylic acid, and the crosslinker ethylene glycol dimethacrylate in 1:4:20 molar ratio. Subsequent molecular interrogation of the MIP binding sites revealed preferential structural selectivity for synephrine relative to other structurally related naturally occurring compounds (i.e. octopamine and tyramine ). This selectivity was subsequently exploited to achieve substantial sample clean-up of extracts of crude Aurantii Fructus Immaturus and Aurantii Fructus Immaturus stir-baked with bran. The purity of synephrine in the extracts after MISPE represented approximately 24.21-fold enrichment of the synephrine in the untreated extracts of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus stir-baked with bran. High recoveries (85-90%) from the samples proved that the method was valid for selective enrichment, purification, or removal of synephrine from Aurantii Fructus Immaturus. © 2011 Springer-Verlag. Source


Hou J.,South China Agricultural University | Hou J.,Guangzhou Institute for Drug Control | Yang X.,South China Agricultural University | Zeng Z.,South China Agricultural University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy | Year: 2013

Objectives: To investigate the occurrence of plasmid-mediated fosfomycin resistance genes among Escherichia coli from food animals in China. Methods: A total of 892 E. coli isolates collected from individual pigs (n=368), chickens (n=196), ducks (n=261), geese (n=35), pigeons (n=20) and partridges (n=12) in Guangdong Province during 2002-08 were screened for the presence of fosA3, fosA and fosC2 by PCR amplification and sequencing. The clonal relationship of fosA3-positive isolates, plasmid content and other associated resistance genes were also characterized. Results: Twelve (1.3%) E. coli isolates showed resistance to fosfomycin and 10 (1.1%) isolates (4 from pigs, 2 from chickens, 2 from ducks, 1 from a goose and 1 from a pigeon) were positive for fosA3. None of the E. coli isolates was positive for fosA or fosC2. All of the isolates carrying fosA3 were CTX-M producers, and three of them carried rmtB. Most of the fosA3-harbouring isolates were found to be clonally unrelated. The fosA3 genes were flanked by IS26. Two fosA3 genes co-localized with rmtB and blaCTX-M-65 on indistinguishable F33:A-:B- plasmids that carried three addiction systems (pemI/pemK, hok/mok/sok and srnB). Four, one and one fosA3 genes were found to be associated with IncN (ST8 type), IncI1 and F2:A-:B- plasmids, respectively. Conclusions: We discovered that fosA3 is always associated with blaCTX-M, which facilitates its quick dispersal. The emergence of fosA3 in food animals could impact on human medicine by the potential transfer of resistance through the food chain. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved. Source


Fan J.-P.,Nanchang University | Cao J.,Nanchang University | Zhang X.-H.,Nanchang University | Huang J.-Z.,Guangzhou Institute for Drug Control | And 6 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2012

Ionic liquid (IL) based ultrasonic assisted extraction (ILUAE) was developed for the effective extraction of puerarin from Radix Puerariae Lobatae (RPL). The ILUAE parameters including the type of ILs, IL concentration, RPL amount, ultrasonic power and time were optimized by single-factor experiment and response surface methodology. Under the optimized experimental conditions, the best results were obtained using RPL amount 0.43 g in 10 mL 1.06 mol L -1 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide aqueous solution, ultrasonic time 27.43 min and ultrasonic power 480 W. Scanning electron microscope images of RPL samples were obtained to provide visual evidence of the sonication effect. Compared with the conventional ultrasonic assisted extraction and refluent extraction, the proposed ILUAE offered shorter extraction time and remarkable higher efficiencies due to the higher penetration ability and solubility of IL and the cavitation phenomenon produced in the solvent by the passage of an ultrasonic wave, which further supported the suitability of the proposed approach. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Peng Y.,Sun Yat Sen University | Chen X.,Sun Yat Sen University | Liu Q.,Southern Medical University | Zhang X.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 11 more authors.
Leukemia | Year: 2015

Refractory chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is a significant complication resulting from allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have shown promise for treating refractory cGVHD, but the favorable effects of MSCs therapy in cGVHD are complex and not fully understood. In this prospective clinical study, 20 of 23 cGVHD patients had a complete response or partial response in a 12-month follow-up study. The most marked improvements in cGVHD symptoms were observed in the skin, oral mucosa and liver. Clinical improvement was accompanied by a significantly increased number of interleukin (IL)-10-producing CD5+ B cells. Importantly, CD5+ B cells from cGVHD patients showed increased IL-10 expression after MSCs treatment, which was associated with reduced inflammatory cytokine production by T cells. Mechanistically, MSCs could promote the survival and proliferation of CD5+ regulatory B cells (Bregs), and indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase partially participates in the MSC-mediated effects on Breg cells. Thus, CD5+ Breg cells may have an important role in the process of MSC-induced amelioration of refractory cGVHD and may provide new clues to reveal novel mechanisms of action for MSCs. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. Source


Yan X.-H.,Guangzhou Institute for Drug Control | Liu H.-L.,CAS Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica | Huang H.,CAS South China Sea Institute of Oceanology | Li X.-B.,CAS South China Sea Institute of Oceanology | Guo Y.-W.,CAS Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica
Journal of Natural Products | Year: 2011

Eight new marine steroids, characterized by either the presence of an aromatic ring or a cross-conjugated dienone system in ring A, were isolated from the Hainan soft coral Dendronephthya studeri Ridley. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of detailed spectroscopic analysis and by comparison of their NMR data with those reported in the literature. © 2010 The American Chemical Society and American Society of Pharmacognosy. Source

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