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Guangzhou, China

Li C.,University of Kansas Medical Center | Yuan M.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Vaccinology and Molecular Diagnostics | Lu L.,University of Kansas Medical Center | Lu T.,University of Kansas Medical Center | And 6 more authors.
Virology | Year: 2014

Vietnam has a unique history in association with foreign countries, which may have resulted in multiple introductions of the alien HCV strains to mix with those indigenous ones. In this study, we characterized the HCV sequences in Core-E1 and NS5B regions from 236 Vietnamese individuals. We identified multiple HCV lineages; 6a, 6e, 6h, 6k, 6l, 6o, 6p, and two novel variants may represent the indigenous strains; 1a was probably introduced from the US; 1b and 2a possibly originated in East Asia; while 2i, 2j, and 2m were likely brought by French explorers. We inferred the evolutionary history for four major subtypes: 1a, 1b, 6a, and 6e. The obtained Bayesian Skyline Plots (BSPs) consistently showed the rapid HCV population growth from 1955 to 1963 until 1984 or after, corresponding to the era of the Vietnam War. We also estimated HCV growth rates and reconstructed phylogeographic trees for comparing subtypes 1a, 1b, and HCV-2. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. Source

Hu L.,CAS Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health | Yao W.,CAS Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health | Wang F.,CAS Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health | Rong X.,Guangzhou Blood Center | And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of chronic liver disease. However, little is known about the details of its assembly and secretion. Golgi-related proteins have been recently proven to have a key function in HCV secretion. Golgi protein 73 (GP73), a resident Golgi membrane protein, is a potential serum biomarker for the diagnosis of liver diseases and hepatocellular carcinoma. Previous studies have demonstrated the upregulation of GP73 in the liver samples and sera of HCV-infected patients. However, the function and regulatory mechanism of GP73 in HCV infection at the cellular level remain unknown. In this study, we examined the expression level of GP73 in HCV infected cells and its effect on HCV life cycle in cell culture systems. Both the protein expression and mRNA levels of GP73 significantly increased in HCV subgenomic replicon-harboring cells and HCV-infected cells, which imply that GP73 was upregulated by HCV infection. HCV production was significantly enhanced when GP73 was overexpressed, but dramatically inhibited when GP73 was silenced. However, the overexpression and knockdown of GP73 showed no evident effect on the entry, protein translation, RNA replication, and assembly of HCV, which indicates that GP73 enhanced the secretion process. Moreover, the coiled-coil domain of GP73 was required to increase HCV secretion. GP73 increased and interacted with apolipoprotein E, an identified host factor that assists in HCV secretion. These results demonstrate the critical function of GP73 in HCV secretion and provide new insights into the therapeutic design of antiviral strategies. © 2014 Hu et al. Source

Zhang R.,CAS Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health | Zhang R.,Hefei University of Technology | Rong X.,Guangzhou Blood Center | Pan W.,CAS Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health | And 2 more authors.
Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases | Year: 2011

Background: Humoral virus neutralizing activity is crucial in preventing influenza virus infection. However, the influenza neutralizing activity in the general population remains unclear. Methods: In this study we performed a serological survey of 200 blood donors from Guangzhou, China. Using a microneutralization (MN) assay, neutralizing activities against influenza A 2009 H1N1, H3N2 and H5N1 were measured. Anti-haemagglutinin antibody was assayed by haemagglutination inhibition (HI) test. Also, antibodies against M1 and M2 matrix proteins were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: By MN assay, 86% of the individuals showed neutralizing activity against H3N2, 11% against 2009 H1N1, and none against H5N1. The positive rate for H3N2 increased as the age of individuals increased. Interestingly, males displayed a 4 times higher positive rate against 2009 H1N1 than females. The results of ELISA revealed that 97.5% of the individuals had positive M1 titres and 21% had positive M2 titres. Furthermore, anti-haemagglutinin antibody had a much higher correlation with the neutralization activity than anti-M1 and anti-M2 antibodies. Conclusions: Neutralizing activities against H5N1 and 2009 H1N1 were low in the general population. Therefore, public health agencies should design strategies for preventing potential H5N1 and 2009 H1N1 pandemics. © 2011 Informa Healthcare. Source

Fu Y.,Guangzhou Blood Center | Wang Y.,Sun Yat Sen University | Xia W.,Guangzhou Blood Center | Pybus O.G.,University of Oxford | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Viral Hepatitis | Year: 2011

Recently, we studied hepatitis C virus (HCV) sera-prevalence among 559 890 first-time volunteer blood donors in China. From randomly selected 450 anti-HCV positive donors, we detected HCV RNA in 270 donors. In this study, we amplified HCV E1 and/or NS5B sequences from 236 of these donors followed by DNA sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. The results indicate new trends of HCV infection in China. The HCV genotype distribution differed according to the donors' region of origin. Among donors from Guangdong province, we detected subtypes 6a, 1b, 3a, 3b, 2a, and 1a at frequencies of 49.7%, 31.0%, 7.6%, 5.5%, 4.1%, and 2.1%, respectively. Among donors from outside Guangdong, we detected 1b, 2a, 6a, 3b, 3a, 6e, and 6n at frequencies 57.1%, 13.2%, 11.0%, 9.9%, 4.4%, 2.2%, and 2.2%, respectively. Although we found no significant differences among regions in age or gender, subtype 6a was more common (P < 0.001) in donors from Guangdong than those from elsewhere, whilst subtypes 1b (P < 0.02) and 2a (P < 0.001) were more frequent outside Guangdong. Disregarding origins, the male/female ratio was higher for subtype 6a-infected donors (P < 0.05) than for subtype 1b donors, whilst the mean age of subtype 2a donors was 8-10 years older (P < 0.05) than that for all other subtypes. Detailed phylogenetic analysis of our sequence data provides further insight into the transmission of HCV within China, and between China and other countries. The predominance of HCV 6a among blood donors in Guangdong is striking and mandates studies into risk factors for its acquisition. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source

Peng M.,Guangzhou Women and Childrens Medical Center | Liu L.,Guangzhou Women and Childrens Medical Center | Jiang M.,Guangzhou Women and Childrens Medical Center | Liang C.,Guangzhou Women and Childrens Medical Center | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences | Year: 2013

Measurement of carnitine and acylcarnitines in plasma is important in diagnosis of fatty acid β-oxidation disorders and organic acidemia. The usual method uses flow injection tandem mass spectrometry (FIA-MS/MS), which has limitations. A rapid and more accurate method was developed to be used for high-risk screening and diagnosis. Carnitine and acylcarnitines were separated by hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) without derivatization and detected with a QTRAP MS/MS System. Total analysis time was 9.0. min. The imprecision of within- and between-run were less than 6% and 17%, respectively. Recoveries were in the range of 85-110% at three concentrations. Some acylcarnitine isomers could be separated, such as dicarboxylic and hydroxyl acylcarnitines. The method could also separate interferent to avoid false positive results. 216 normal samples and 116 patient samples were detected with the validated method, and 49 patients were identified with fatty acid oxidation disorders or organic acidemias. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

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