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Dai Y.,Guangxi Key laboratory of Metabolic Diseases Research
Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia | Year: 2014

Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is a complex trait regulated by the interaction among multiple physiologic regulatory systems and probably involving numerous genes, which leads to inconsistent findings in genetic studies. One possibility of failure to replicate some single-locus results is that the underlying genetics of IgAN nephropathy is based on multiple genes with minor effects. To learn the association between 23 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 14 genes predisposing to chronic glomerular diseases and IgAN in Han males, the 23 SNPs genotypes of 21 Han males were detected and analyzed with a BaiO gene chip, and their associations were analyzed with univariate analysis and multiple linear regression analysis. Analysis showed that CTLA4 rs231726 and CR2 rs1048971 revealed a significant association with IgAN. These findings support the multi-gene nature of the etiology of IgAN and propose a potential gene-gene interactive model for future studies. Source


Sui W.,Jinan University | Liu F.,Jinan University | Chen J.,Guangxi Key laboratory of Metabolic Diseases Research | Ou M.,Guangxi Key laboratory of Metabolic Diseases Research | Dai Y.,Jinan University
Methods in Molecular Biology | Year: 2014

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disease, which predominantly occurs in females and is characterized by autoantibody production against a host of nuclear self-antigens and deposition of proinflammatory immune complexes in the organs including kidney glomeruli. MicroRNAs are small noncoding intracellular RNAs that modulate gene expression at the posttranslational level. Microarray technology is in widespread use for analysis of microRNA (miRNA) gene expression because of its flexibility and accurate high throughput. RNA microarray technology is based on nucleic acid hybridization between a mixture of labeled RNA targets and their corresponding complementary probes. This article offers a technological overview of microarray technology for analysis of microRNA gene expression in kidney biopsies from SLE patients. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source


Sui W.,Jinan University | Liu F.,Jinan University | Chen J.,Guangxi Key laboratory of Metabolic Diseases Research | Ou M.,Guangxi Key laboratory of Metabolic Diseases Research | Dai Y.,Jinan University
Methods in Molecular Biology | Year: 2014

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disease, and correct judgment of SLE activity is very important in guiding precise clinical treatment. Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) could serve as potential biomarkers of disease activity or status in SLE, and here we describe a modified qRT-PCR method for detecting them. Stem loop has become one of the most powerful methods for determining miRNA expression because it is highly sensitive and accurate and requires only small amount of sample. In this chapter, we focus on a stem-loop reverse transcription-bound SYBR green qRT-PCR protocol for evaluating a particular circulating miRNA species in SLE patients. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source


Sui W.,Guangxi Key laboratory of Metabolic Diseases Research | Hou X.,Guangxi Key laboratory of Metabolic Diseases Research | Hou X.,Guangxi Normal University | Che W.,Guangxi Key laboratory of Metabolic Diseases Research | And 3 more authors.
Genes and Immunity | Year: 2013

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by the production of autoantibodies directed against nuclear self-Antigens and circulating immune complexes. This results in damages to various organs or systems, including skin, joints, kidneys and the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations of SLE could be diverse, including glomerulonephritis, dermatitis, thrombosis, vasculitis, seizures and arthritis. The complicated pathogenesis and varied clinical symptoms of SLE pose great challenges in the diagnosis and monitoring of this disease. Unfortunately, the etiological factors and pathogenesis of SLE are still not completely understood. It is noteworthy that recent advances in our understanding of the biological omics and emerging technologies have been providing new tools in the analyses of SLE, such as genomics, epigenomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics and so on. In this article, we summarize our current knowledge in this field for a better understanding of the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment for SLE. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Source


Sui W.G.,Guangxi Key laboratory of Metabolic Diseases Research | He H.Y.,Guangxi Normal University | Yan Q.,Guangxi Key laboratory of Metabolic Diseases Research | Chen J.J.,Guangxi Key laboratory of Metabolic Diseases Research | And 2 more authors.
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research | Year: 2014

Membranous nephropathy (MN), characterized by the presence of diffuse thickening of the glomerular basement membrane and subepithelial in situ immune complex disposition, is the most common cause of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in adults, with an incidence of 5-10 per million per year. A number of studies have confirmed the relevance of several experimental insights to the pathogenesis of human MN, but the specific biomarkers of MN have not been fully elucidated. As a result, our knowledge of the alterations in histone methylation in MN is unclear. We used chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by highthroughput sequencing (ChIP-seq) to analyze the variations in a methylated histone (H3K9me3) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 10 MN patients and 10 healthy subjects. There were 108 genes with significantly different expression in the MN patients compared with the normal controls. In MN patients, significantly increased activity was seen in 75 H3K9me3 genes, and decreased activity was seen in 33, compared with healthy subjects. Five positive genes, DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 6 (DGCR6), sorting nexin 16 (SNX16), contactin 4 (CNTN4), baculoviral IAP repeat containing 3 (BIRC3), and baculoviral IAP repeat containing 2 (BIRC2), were selected and quantified. There were alterations of H3K9me3 in MN patients. These may be candidates to help explain pathogenesis in MN patients. Such novel findings show that H3K9me3 may be a potential biomarker or promising target for epigenetic-based MN therapies. Source

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