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Luo C.,Guangxi University | He X.-H.,Guangxi University | He X.-H.,Guangxi Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology Laboratory | Chen H.,Guangxi University | And 2 more authors.
Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution | Year: 2012

Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is one of the most economically grown fruits in the tropical and subtropical areas around the world. In the present study, start codon targeted (SCoT) markers were employed to investigate the genetic diversity of 73 mango accessions obtained from Guangxi province, China. A total of 275 bands were amplified by thirty-four SCoT primers, of which 203 (73.82%) were polymorphic. Genetic similarity between accessions was in the range of 66.2-94.2% with an average of 78.8%. The observed highest genetic similarity value (94.2%) was found between 'Ren Mian Mango' and 'Hong Hua Mango', the observed lowest genetic similarity value (66.2%) was found between'Xia Mao Xiang Mango' and 'India No. 15'. These coefficients were utilized to construct a dendrogram using the unweighted pair group of arithmetic means. All the accessions were grouped into four (A, B, C, D) clusters and correspond well with their geographical origin and their known history. These results have an important implication for mango's rue germplasm characterization, improvement, management and conservation. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source


Luo C.,Guangxi University | He X.-H.,Guangxi University | He X.-H.,Guangxi Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology Laboratory | Hu Y.,Guangxi University | And 3 more authors.
Gene | Year: 2014

Differential display is a powerful technique for analyzing differences in gene expression. Oligo-dT cDNAstart codon targeted marker (cDNA-SCoT) technique is a novel, simple, cheap, rapid, and efficient method for differential gene expression research. In the present study, the oligo-dT anchored cDNA-SCoT technique was exploited to identify differentially expressed genes during several stress treatments in mango. A total of 37 primers combined with oligo-dT anchor primers 3side amplified approximately 150 fragments of 150. bp to 1500. bp in length. Up to 100 fragments were differentially expressed among the stress treatments and control samples, among which 92 were obtained and sequenced. Out of the 92 transcript derived fragments (TDFs), 70% were highly homologous to known genes, and 30% encoded unclassified proteins with unknown functions. The expression pattern of nine genes with known functions involved in several abiotic stresses in other species was confirmed by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) under cold (4. °C), salinity (NaCl), polyethylene glycol (PEG, MW 6000), and heavy metal treatments in leaves and stems at different time points (0, 24, 48, and 72. h). The expression patterns of the genes (TDF4, TDF7, TDF23, TDF45, TDF49, TDF50, TDF57, TDF91 and TDF92) that had direct or indirect relationships with cold, salinity, drought and heavy metal stress response were analyzed through qRT-PCR. The possible roles of these genes are discussed. This study suggests that the oligo-dT anchored cDNA-SCoT differential display method is a useful tool to serve as an initial step for characterizing transcriptional changes induced by abiotic stresses and provide gene information for further study and application in genetic improvement and breeding in mango. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source


Liu Z.-L.,Guangxi University | Luo C.,Guangxi University | Dong L.,Guangxi University | Van Toan C.,Guangxi University | And 3 more authors.
Gene | Year: 2014

The Rab family, the largest branch of Ras small GTPases, plays a crucial role in the vesicular transport in plants. The members of Rab family act as molecular switches that regulate the fusion of vesicles with target membranes through conformational changes. However, little is known about the Rab5 gene involved in fruit ripening and stress response. In this study, the MiRab5 gene was isolated from stress-induced Mangifera indica. The full-length cDNA sequence was 984. bp and contained an open reading frame of 600. bp, which encoded a 200 amino acid protein with a molecular weight of 21.83. kDa and a theoretical isoelectric point of 6.99. The deduced amino acid sequence exhibited high homology with tomato (91% similarity) and contains all five characteristic Rab motifs. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that MiRab5 was ubiquitously expressed in various mango tree tissues at different levels. The expression of MiRab5 was up-regulated during later stages of fruit ripening. Moreover, MiRab5 was generally up-regulated in response to various abiotic stresses (cold, salinity, and PEG treatments). Recombinant MiRab5 protein was successfully expressed and purified. SDS-PAGE and western blot analysis indicated that the expressed protein was recognized by the anti-6-His antibody. These results provide insights into the role of the MiRab5 gene family in fruit ripening and stress responses in the mango plant. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source


Luo C.,Guangxi University | He X.-H.,Guangxi University | He X.-H.,Guangxi Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology Laboratory | Chen H.,Guangxi University | And 2 more authors.
Biologia Plantarum | Year: 2013

Actin is the most abundant protein in eukaryotic cells and is a key cytoskeletal component controlling cell morphology and motility. In this study, four MiACT genes were isolated from mango by homological cloning and designated as MiACT1, MiACT4, MiACT7, and MiACT9. Sequence alignments and phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the four MiACT genes of mango were highly similar to each other at the nucleotide and amino acid levels. All of four MiACT proteins showed high similarity to the known actin proteins from other species. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction revealed that the four MiACT genes were constitutively and stably expressed in all organs tested. Application of plant growth regulators and four stress treatments had a remarkable effect on the expression of MiACT4, MiACT7 and MiACT9, whereas expression of MiACT1 was unresponsive. In contrast, the expression profiles of the four MiACT genes were not regulated by diurnal rhythms. Moreover, the expression of MiACT1 was not affected by heavy metal treatments and the transcript level of MiACT1 was rather stable in different days during the post-harvest period either under treatment or not. Our results suggest that the four actin genes play important roles throughout the entire life cycle of mango; the constitutively and stably expressed MiACT1 is the best candidate as an internal standard for differential gene expression analysis in mango. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Source


Saxena K.B.,Indian International Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics | Ravikoti V.K.,Indian International Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics | Dalvi V.A.,Guangxi Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology Laboratory | Pandey L.B.,Maharashtra Hybrid Seed Company Ltd | Gaddikeri G.,Maharashtra Hybrid Seed Company Ltd
Journal of Heredity | Year: 2010

Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] is a unique food legume because of its partial (20-30%) outcrossing nature, which provides an opportunity to breed commercial hybrids. To achieve this, it is essential to have a stable male-sterility system. This paper reports the selection of a cytoplasmic-nuclear male-sterility (CMS) system derived from an interspecific cross between a wild relative of pigeonpea (Cajanus sericeus Benth. ex. Bak.) and a cultivar. This male-sterility source was used to breed agronomically superior CMS lines in early (ICPA 2068), medium (ICPA 2032), and late (ICPA 2030) maturity durations. Twenty-three fertility restorers and 30 male-sterility maintainers were selected to develop genetically diverse hybrid combinations. Histological studies revealed that vacuolation of growing tetrads and persistence of tetrad wall were primary causes of the manifestation of male sterility. Genetic studies showed that 2 dominant genes, of which one had inhibitory gene action, controlled fertility restoration in the hybrids. The experimental hybrids such as TK 030003 and TK 030009 in early, ICPH 2307 and TK 030625 in medium, and TK 030861 and TK 030851 in late maturity groups exhibited 30-88% standard heterosis in multilocation trials. © The American Genetic Association. 2010. All rights reserved. Source

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