GuangXi Center for Birth Defects Research and Prevention

Nanning, China

GuangXi Center for Birth Defects Research and Prevention

Nanning, China
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Fan X.,Childrens Hospital | Fan X.,GuangXi Center for Birth Defects Research and Prevention | Fu C.,Childrens Hospital | Fu C.,GuangXi Center for Birth Defects Research and Prevention | And 21 more authors.
Clinica Chimica Acta | Year: 2017

Background Gene variants have been reported to be associated with congenital hypothyroidism (CH), the purpose of this study was to analyze the mutation spectrum and prevalence of 12 known causative genes (TSHR, PAX8, NKX2.1, NKX2.5, FOXE1, DUOX2, TG, TPO, GLIS3, NIS, SLC26A4 and DEHAL1) in CH in China. Methods Peripheral venous blood samples were collected from the patients. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes. All exons and their exon-intron boundary sequences of the 12 known CH associated genes in 66 CH patients were screened by next-generation sequencing (NGS). Results NGS analysis of 12 known CH associated genes revealed that 32 patients (32/66, 48.5%) were detected to have at least one potentially functional variant. 21, 9, 1, 1, 1 and 1 patients were found to have potential pathogenic variants in DUOX2, TG, PAX8, SLC26A4, TSHR and TPO genes, respectively. Novel variants included one DUOX2 and one TPO missense variants of unknown significance (VUS). Conclusion Our study expands the mutation spectrum of DUOX2 and TPO genes. 48.5% CH patients had at least one potential pathogenic variant. We found relatively high frequency of DUOX2 (31.8%) and TG (13.6%) mutations in our cohort. © 2017


Liu H.,Guangxi Medical University | Lv P.,Guangxi Medical University | Wu H.,Guangxi Medical University | Zhang K.,Guangxi Medical University | And 4 more authors.
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2017

Derived from Rhodiola rosea L., which is a popular plant in Eastern Europe and Asia, salidroside has pharmacological properties including antiviral, anticancer, hepatoprotective, antidiabetic, and antioxidative effects. Recent studies show that salidroside has neurotrophic and neuroprotective effects. However, the effect of salidroside on Schwann cells (SCs) and the underlying mechanisms of the salidroside-induced neurotrophin secretion have seldom been studied. In this study, the effect of salidroside on the survival, proliferation, and gene expression of Schwann cells lineage (RSC96) was studied through the examinations of the cell viability, proliferation, morphology, and expression of neurotrophic factor related genes including BDNF, GDNF, and CDNF at 2, 4, and 6 days, respectively. These results showed that salidroside significantly enhanced survival and proliferation of SCs. The underlying mechanism might involve that salidroside affected SCs growth through the modulation of several neurotrophic factors including BDNF, GDNF, and CDNF. As for the concentration, 0.4 mM, 0.2 mM, and 0.1 mM of salidroside were recommended, especially 0.2 mM. This investigation indicates that salidroside is capable of enhancing SCs survival and function in vitro, which highlights the possibility that salidroside as a drug agent to promote nerve regeneration in cellular nerve scaffold through salidroside-induced neurotrophin secretion in SCs. © 2017 Hui Liu et al.


Fu C.,Childrens Hospital | Fu C.,Guangxi Center for Birth Defects Research and Prevention | Xie B.,Childrens Hospital | Xie B.,Guangxi Center for Birth Defects Research and Prevention | And 21 more authors.
BMJ Open | Year: 2016

Objectives: Defects in the human thyroid peroxidase (TPO) gene are reported to be one of the causes of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) due to dyshormonogenesis. The aim of this study was to examine the TPO mutation spectrum and prevalence among patients with CH in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China and to define the relationships between TPO genotypes and clinical phenotypes. Methods: Blood samples were collected from 192 patients with CH in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China and genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leucocytes. All exons of the 10 common CH-associated genes including TPO together with their exon-intron boundaries were screened by next-generation sequencing (NGS). The effect of the novel TPO mutation was investigated by 'in silico' studies. Results: NGS analysis of TPO in 192 patients with CH revealed 3 different variations in 2 individuals (2/192, 1%). Sequencing other CH candidate genes in the patients with TPO variants revealed that patient 1 was homozygous for c.2422delT TPO mutation combined with double heterozygous DUOX2 pathogenic variants (p.R683L/p.L1343F) and patient 2 was triallelic for TPO pathogenic variants (p.R648Q/p.T561M/p. T561M). The present study identified a novel TPO variation c.1682C>T/p.T561M; and four known mutations: c.2422delT/p.C808Afs?24 and c.1943C>T/p.R648Q in TPO, c.2048G>T/p.R683L and c.4027C>T/p.L1343F in DUOX2. Conclusions: Our study indicated that the prevalence of TPO mutations was 1% among studied Chinese patients with CH. More than two variations in one or more CH-associated genes can be found in a single patient, and may, in combination, affect the phenotype of the individual. A novel TPO variation c.1682C>T/p. T561M was found, thereby expanding the mutational spectrum of the gene. © 2016, BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


Fu C.,Childrens Hospital | Fu C.,GuangXi Center for Birth Defects Research and Prevention | Chen R.,Childrens Hospital | Chen R.,GuangXi Center for Birth Defects Research and Prevention | And 31 more authors.
Clinica Chimica Acta | Year: 2015

Background: The clinical presentation of patients with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) caused by paired box gene 8 (PAX8) pathogenic variants is variable and PAX8 mutation rates differ significantly among different populations. This study was set to examine the PAX8 mutation spectrum and prevalence among patients with CH in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. Methods: Peripheral venous blood samples were collected from the patients. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes. All exons of the 11 known CH associated genes including PAX8 together with their exon-intron boundaries were screened by next-generation sequencing (NGS). Permanent or transient CH was determined using the results of thyroid function tests after temporary withdrawal of l-thyroxine (l-T4) therapy at approximately 2. years of age. Results: Next generation sequencing analysis of PAX8 in 378 CH patients revealed five different mutations in nine individuals (two are siblings). The mutations included two known missense variants, namely c.92G > A (p.R31H) and c.91C > T (p.R31C), and one novel missense variant c.68G. > T (p.G23V), as well as two novel nonsense variants c.1090C > T (p R364X) and c.658C > T (p.R220X). The variant c.92G > A (p.R31H) is highly recurrent in our patient cohort but the clinical phenotypes vary greatly among those carrying this variant. PAX8 pathogenic variants were mainly associated with permanent CH. Conclusion: The prevalence of PAX8 pathogenic variants was 2.38% among patients with CH in Guangxi. Our study expanded the PAX8 mutation spectrum and provided the best estimation of PAX8 mutation rate among CH patients in Guangxi, China. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.


Fu C.,Childrens Hospital | Fu C.,GuangXi Center for Birth Defects Research and Prevention | Luo S.,Childrens Hospital | Luo S.,GuangXi Center for Birth Defects Research and Prevention | And 25 more authors.
Clinica Chimica Acta | Year: 2016

Background: Defects in the human dual oxidase 2 (DUOX2) gene are reported to be one of the major causes of congenital hypothyroidism (CH). This study was set to examine the DUOX2 mutation spectrum and prevalence among Chinese CH and subclinical congenital hypothyroidism (SCH) patients and to define the relationships between DUOX2 genotypes and clinical phenotypes. Methods: Peripheral venous blood samples were collected from 192 CH/SCH patients in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China. All exons and their exon-intron boundary sequences of the 11 known CH associated genes including DUOX2 were screened by next-generation sequencing (NGS). Results: NGS analysis of DUOX2 revealed 18 rare non-polymorphic variants in 57 CH/SCH patients. Sequencing of other CH candidate genes in the 57 patients revealed 2 thyroglobulin (TG) variants. All variants included 11 known mutations, 8 novel variants in DUOX2 and one novel variant in TG, among which three variants p.K530X, p.L1343F and p.R683L are highly recurrent in our patient cohort. 35 (83%) of the 42 patients with one or two DUOX2 pathogenic variants turned out to be SCH or transient congenital hypothyroidism (TCH), whereas 13 (87%) of the 15 patients with three or more DUOX2 pathogenic variants are associated with permanent congenital hypothyroidism (PCH). The accumulation of defects in DUOX2 contribute to the more severe disease regarding thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels, free thyroxine (FT4) levels and initial dose of l-thyroxine (L-T4). Conclusion: Our study expanded the mutational spectrum of the DUOX2 and TG genes and provided the best estimation of the DUOX2 mutation rate (29%) for CH/SCH patients in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China. Most one or two DUOX2 pathogenic variants turned out to be SCH or TCH, whereas patients with three or more DUOX2 pathogenic variants were mostly associated with PCH. The coexistence of multiple pathogenic variants may have contributed to the severity of the hypothyroid condition. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.


PubMed | Peoples Hospital of Guangxi Autonomous Region, Guangxi Medical University, GuangXi Center for Birth Defects Research and Prevention and Harvard University
Type: | Journal: Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry | Year: 2016

Defects in the human TSHR gene are reported to be one of the causes of CH due to thyroid dysgenesis, the purpose of this study was to examine the TSHR mutation spectrum and prevalence in congenital hypothyroidism (CH) and subclinical congenital hypothyroidism (SCH) patients in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China and to evaluate the genotype-phenotype correlations.Blood samples were collected from 384 patients including 240 CH and 144 SCH patients in Guangxi, China. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes. All exons of the 11 known CH associated genes including TSHR together with their exon-intron boundaries were screened by next-generation sequencing (NGS).NGS analysis of TSHR revealed nine different variants in ten individuals. Six (4.2%) of 144 patients with SCH were found to harbor monoallelic TSHR variants. Four (1.6%) of 240 patients with CH harbored TSHR variants combined with another monoallelic mutation in either DUOX2 or TG gene. The present study identified five novel variants c.1838A>G (p.Y613C), c.1576G>A (p.A526T), c.2087T>G (p.F696C), c.1631G>A (p.G544E) and c.2051C>A (p.A684D) in TSHR, seven known pathogenic variants c.1349G>A (p.R450H), c.326G>A (p.R109Q), c.2066T>G (p.V689G) and c.2272G>A (p.E758K) in TSHR, IVS3+2T>G in TG, and c.1588A>T (p.K530X) and c.2635G>A (p.E879K) in DUOX2. The previously reported hotspot mutation p.R450H was found in only one SCH patient.The prevalence of TSHR mutations was 1.6% in CH patients and 4.2% in SCH patients in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China. Monoallelic TSHR pathogenic variants were associated with SCH, while TSHR pathogenic variants combined with monoallelic mutations in DUOX2 or TG gene might contribute to CH. Our study expands the TSHR mutation spectrum and provides the best estimation of mutation rate for SCH and CH patients in this Chinese population.


Fu C.,Childrens Hospital | Fu C.,GuangXi Center for Birth Defects Research and Prevention | Wang J.,Childrens Hospital | Wang J.,GuangXi Center for Birth Defects Research and Prevention | And 31 more authors.
Clinica Chimica Acta | Year: 2016

Background Defects in the human TSHR gene are reported to be one of the causes of CH due to thyroid dysgenesis, the purpose of this study was to examine the TSHR mutation spectrum and prevalence in congenital hypothyroidism (CH) and subclinical congenital hypothyroidism (SCH) patients in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China and to evaluate the genotype-phenotype correlations. Methods Blood samples were collected from 384 patients including 240 CH and 144 SCH patients in Guangxi, China. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes. All exons of the 11 known CH associated genes including TSHR together with their exon-intron boundaries were screened by next-generation sequencing (NGS). Results NGS analysis of TSHR revealed nine different variants in ten individuals. Six (4.2%) of 144 patients with SCH were found to harbor monoallelic TSHR variants. Four (1.6%) of 240 patients with CH harbored TSHR variants combined with another monoallelic mutation in either DUOX2 or TG gene. The present study identified five novel variants c.1838A > G (p.Y613C), c.1576G > A (p.A526T), c.2087T > G (p.F696C), c.1631G > A (p.G544E) and c.2051C > A (p.A684D) in TSHR, seven known pathogenic variants c.1349G > A (p.R450H), c.326G > A (p.R109Q), c.2066T > G (p.V689G) and c.2272G > A (p.E758K) in TSHR, IVS3 + 2T > G in TG, and c.1588A > T (p.K530X) and c.2635G > A (p.E879K) in DUOX2. The previously reported hotspot mutation p.R450H was found in only one SCH patient. Conclusion The prevalence of TSHR mutations was 1.6% in CH patients and 4.2% in SCH patients in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China. Monoallelic TSHR pathogenic variants were associated with SCH, while TSHR pathogenic variants combined with monoallelic mutations in DUOX2 or TG gene might contribute to CH. Our study expands the TSHR mutation spectrum and provides the best estimation of mutation rate for SCH and CH patients in this Chinese population. © 2016

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