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Ma X.-Y.,Guanghua Integrative Medicine Hospital | Bao H.-J.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Cui L.,Henan University | Zou J.,Shanghai JiaoTong University

This study was designed to explore the feasibility of using autologous rabbit adipose derived stem cells (rASCs) as seed cells and polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) as a scaffold for repairing corneal stromal defects. rASCs isolated from rabbit nape adipose tissue were expanded and seeded on a PLGA scaffold to fabricate cell-scaffold constructs. After 1 week of cultivation in vitro, the cell-scaffold complexes were transplanted into corneal stromal defects in rabbits. In vivo, the autologous rASCs-PLGA constructed corneal stroma gradually became transparent without corneal neovascularization after 12 weeks. Hematoxylin and eosin staining and transmission electron microscopy examination revealed that their histological structure and collagen fibril distribution at 24 weeks after implantation were similar to native counterparts. As to the defect treated with PLGA alone, the stromal defects remained. And scar tissue was observed in the untreated-group. The implanted autologous ASCs survived up to 24 weeks post-transplantation and differentiated into functional keratocytes, as assessed by the expression of aldehyde-3-dehydrogenase1A1 (ALDH1A1) and cornea-specific proteoglycan keratocan. Our results revealed that autologous rASCs could be one of the cell sources for corneal stromal restoration in diseased corneas or for tissue engineering of a corneal equivalent. © 2013 Ma et al. Source

Zhao H.,Guanghua Integrative Medicine Hospital | Zhao H.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Wang D.,Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Fu D.,Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Xue L.,Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Rheumatology International

Given that ankylosing spondylitis (AS) occurs in approximately 5 out of 1,000 adults of European descent and the unclear pathogenesis, the aim of the research was to further predict the molecular mechanism of this disease. The Affymetrix chip data GSE25101 were available from Gene Expression Omnibus database. First of all, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified by Limma package in R. Moreover, DAVID was used to perform gene set enrichment analysis of DEGs. In addition, miRanda, miRDB, miRWalk, RNA22 and TargetScan were applied to predict microRNA-target associations. Meanwhile, STRING 9.0 was utilized to collect protein–protein interactions (PPIs) with confidence score >0.4. Then, the PPI networks for up- and down-regulated genes were constructed, and the clustering analysis was undergone using ClusterONE. Finally, protein-domain enrichment analysis of modules was conducted using DAVID. Total 145 DEGs were identified, including 103 up-regulated and 42 down-regulated genes. These DEGs were significantly enriched in phosphorylation (p = 1.21E−05) and positive regulation of gene expression (p = 1.25E−03). Furthermore, one module was screened out from the up-regulated network, which contained 39 nodes and 205 edges. Moreover, the nodes in the module were significantly enriched in ribosomal protein (RPL17, ribosomal protein L17 and MRPL22, mitochondrial ribosomal protein L22) and proteasome (PSMA6, proteasome subunit, alpha type 6, PSMA4)-related domains. Our findings that might explore the potential pathogenesis of AS and RPL17, MRPL22, PSMA6 and PSMA4 have the potential to be the biomarkers for the disease. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Li S.,Shanghai Skin Disease Hospital | Wang X.,Shanghai Skin Disease Hospital | Gao Y.,Shanghai Skin Disease Hospital | Chen S.,West Dermatology | And 3 more authors.
Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology

Background: Many scholars concentrate on skin barrier disruption of sensitive skin, but few focus on its increased neuronal sensitivity. Objective: To study the possibility of using current perception threshold (CPT) measurement for the quantitative evaluation of skin neuronal sensitivity combined with stinging test. Methods: The amount of 50 mL 10% lactic acid was applied on each side of the nasolabial fold at random. Subjects assessed stinging based on a 4-point scale at 30 s, 2.5 min and 5.0 min. CPT and transepidermal water loss (TEWL) were measured before and after stinging test. Subjects were divided into different groups based on their response to lactic acid. Results: There was a positive correlation between CPTbefore and the sum of clinical scores (CSs). While the beginning time of stinging (BT) was shortened, the CPTbefore decreased and TEWL increased. Conclusion: Different degrees of skin susceptibility can be reflected by BT. CPT can be useful for the quantitative evaluation of skin neuronal sensitivity. Source

Bao C.-H.,Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Zhao J.-M.,Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Liu H.-R.,Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Lu Y.,Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | And 11 more authors.
World Journal of Gastroenterology

AIM: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of acupuncture and moxibustion for the treatment of active Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: Ninety-two patients were equally and randomly divided into the treatment group and received herb-partitioned moxibustion combined with acupuncture, and the control group received wheat bran-partitioned moxibustion combined with superficial acupuncture. The patients received three treatment sessions per week for 12 wk and were followed up for 24 wk. The main outcome was evaluated using the CD Activity Index (CDAI) score, and the secondary outcomes were evaluated using laboratory indicators such as hemoglobin (HGB), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate, quality-of-life, endoscopic ratings, and intestinal histology scores. RESULTS: The CDAI scores of both the treatment and control groups were significantly reduced after treatment compared with those measured before treatment. However, the degree of improvement in the treatment group was significantly greater than that of the control group. The improvement in symptoms in patients of the treatment group was sustained at follow-up, whereas that of the control group was not. The overall efficacy of the treatment was significantly greater than that of the control. Both groups demonstrated significant improvements in quality-of-life ratings after treatment, but the improvement was significantly greater in the treatment group than in the control group. In addition, the patients in the treatment group showed significantly increased HGB and significantly decreased CRP levels and histopathological scores at the end of treatment, whereas the control group did not exhibit significant changes. CONCLUSION: Moxibustion with acupuncture provided significant therapeutic benefits in patients with active CD beyond the placebo effect and is therefore an effective and safe treatment for active CD. © 2014 Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Ma X.,Guanghua Integrative Medicine Hospital | Zou J.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | He L.,Guanghua Integrative Medicine Hospital | Zhang Y.,Chinese Academy of Sciences
Diagnostic Pathology

Background: To investigate the therapeutic effect of p38-MAPK inhibitor, SB203580, on dry eye in a mouse model of Sjögren's syndrome (MRL/lpr mice).Methods: 18 female BALB/c mice and 44 female MRL/lpr mice were included. Mice were randomly assigned to the control or treatment group. The expression of phospho-p38 MAPK in lacrimal glands of BALB/c mice was determined by Western blot analysis following IL-1β treatment at various time points. Different doses of SB203580 were injected into lacrimal glands of MRL/lpr mice and phenol red thread test was performed seven days post-injection. Moreover, the levels of acetylcholine and norepinephrine expression in lacrimal glands of MRL/lpr mice were measured using spectrofluoremetric assay and the histopathology of lacrimal glands was also evaluated.Results: The expression of p-p38 MAPK in lacrimal glands of BALB/c mice gradually increased following incubation with IL-1β ex vivo. Injection of SB203580 into lacrimal glands significantly improved the results of phenol red thread test in MRL/lpr mice. In addition, the secretions of acetylcholine and norepinephrine increased significantly compared to the control group. Less lymphocytes infiltration was observed in pathological section of lacrimal glands following SB203580 injection.Conclusions: Our results indicate that the activation of p38-MAPK pathway plays an important role in dry eye of a Sjögren's syndrome mouse model. Inhibition of p38-MAPK pathway by SB203580 might have potential therapeutic effect on Sjögren's syndrome associated dry eye. © 2014 Ma et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

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