Guangdong Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital

Guangzhou, China

Guangdong Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital

Guangzhou, China
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Jiang M.,Chinese Institute of Clinical Medicine | Zha Q.,Jiangxi TCM Institute | He Y.,Guangdong Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital | Lu A.,Chinese Institute of Clinical Medicine | Lu A.,Shanghai University
Journal of Ethnopharmacology | Year: 2012

Ethnopharmacological relevance: The exploration of risk factors on the gastrointestinal adverse drug reactions (GI ADRs) and hepatic ADRs in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with traditional Chinese medicien (CM) and convertional Western Medicien (WM) therapy will benifit the clincial drug administration. Methods: A multi-center, randomized-clinical trial was conducted on RA patients in China. After 12 and 24 weeks of treatment, the efficacy and safety of WM therapy and CM therapy were evaluated. The Chi-square and logistic regression were conducted to analyze the correlations between the biological parameters, CM symptoms and the ADRs. Results: 505 patients were recruited from 9 centers and randomly assigned into WM therapy group (n = 251) or CM group (n = 254). 397 of them completed the 24 week treatment (194 in WM and 203 in CM group). Total ADRs incidence and withdrawal rates were similar in two groups. For the patients treated with WM, logistic regression analysis showed that CRP level was negatively related to GI ADRs (p < 0.05), dizziness was positively related to GI ADRs (p < 0.05); and IgG level and chills were positively related to hepatic ADRs (p < 0.01, p < 0.05). In the patients treated with CM, no laboratory measurements were found related with GI ADRs and hepatic ADRs, lassitude and nocturia were risk factors for GI ADRs, cold extremities for hepatic ADRs, respectively (p < 0.05). Conclusion: CRP in normal scale and dizziness were the risk factors for GI ADRs, higher IgG level and chills were the risk factors for hepatic ADRs in the RA patients treated with conventional WM therapy. Lassitude and nocturia were the risk factors for GI ADRs, and cold extremities were the risk factors for hepatic ADRs in the RA patients treated with CM therapy. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


Dong Q.,Nanjing Medical University | Tang G.,Anhui Medical University | He M.,First Peoples Hospital | Cai Y.,Nanjing Medical University | And 14 more authors.
BMC Medical Genetics | Year: 2012

Background: Plasma level of total homocysteine (tHcy) is negatively correlated with kidney function in general population. However, the causal mechanism of this correlation is poorly understood. The purpose of this study is to investigate the association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T gene polymorphism, which is a major genetic determinant of the plasma tHcy level, with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in Chinese.Methods: A total of 18 814 hypertensive patients (6 914 males, 11 900 females) were included in the study.Results: Association between the eGFR and MTHFR C677T genotype was examined by sex-specific regression analyses. In males, TT genotype was associated with 1.37 ml/min/1.73 m2 decrease in eGFR (p = 0.004) and with an increased risk (OR = 1.32, p = 0.008) for the lowest quintile of eGFR after adjusting for age, BMI, and blood pressures. However, such association was not observed in females (p > 0.05). This association suggests MTHFR C677T polymorphism may play a role in the regulation of eGFR in males.Conclusions: MTHFR 677 T is a risk allele for decreased kidney function in Chinese males, implicating this gene in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD). © 2012 Dong et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Zhang C.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Zha Q.-L.,Nanchang University | He Y.-T.,Guangdong Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital | Jiang M.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Year: 2011

Objective: The extraarticular symptoms are important in the pattern differentiation of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and the present study is designed in an attempt to find the associations between the extraarticular symptoms and American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Response in 194 cases of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with biomedicine. Methods: The data were obtained from a randomized clinical trial. One hundred ninety-four RA patients were treated with the biomedical therapy (diclofenec, methotrexate and sulfasalazine). ACR20 response in 24 weeks was used for the efficacy evaluation. Eighteen symptoms (including 13 extraarticular symptoms) that TCM practitioners focus on were collected for exploration on the association between the symptoms and the efficacy of the biomedical therapy with association rules method. Results: After 24 weeks, a total of 135 patients receiving biomedicine had achieved an ACR20 response. The association rules analysis on each symptom showed that soreness in the waist was more associated with ACR20 response, but with lower support (selected sample size based, 20.10% and 14.95% respectively); cold intolerance and cold joint were found to be associated with ACR20 response with higher support (48.97% and 53.61% respectively), and the confidences (predicted effective rate) were 73.08% and 71.23% respectively. The associations between combination of symptoms (among them, there was at least one extraarticular symptom) and ACR20 response indicated that cold intolerance or cold joint with higher confidence and support were the most important extraarticular symptoms. Conclusion: The RA patients with "cold intolerance" and "cold joints", which are the extraarticular symptoms that TCM practitioners focus on, may show higher ACR20 response when treated with the biomedical approach.


Qin X.,Anhui Medical University | Zhang Y.,Peking University | Cai Y.,Guangdong Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital | He M.,The First Peoples Hospital of Lianyungang City | And 9 more authors.
Clinical Nutrition | Year: 2013

Background & aims: We aimed to examine the prevalence of obesity, abdominal obesity and associated factors in 17,656 Chinese hypertensive adults aged 45-75 years. Methods: A cross-sectional investigation was carried out in Lianyungang, China. Overweight or obesity was defined as a body mass index of ≥25kg/m2. Abdominal obesity was defined as a waist circumference ≥90cm for men and ≥80cm for women. Results: The prevalence of overweight or obesity and abdominal obesity was 54.4% (women 59.3% and men 46.0%) and 59.4% (women 73.8% and men 35.1%), respectively. In the multivariable logistic-regression models, higher hypertension grades and standard of living, greater red meat consumption, lower physical activity levels, and antihypertensive treatment were independently associated with overweight or obesity and abdominal obesity in both sexes. Inland residence (versus coastal) was an independent associated factor for abdominal obesity in both sexes. Furthermore, a positive family history of diabetes in both sexes, a positive family history of hypertension, men with a positive family history of coronary heart disease, and men with inland residence were all independently associated with overweight or obesity. Conclusions: We found a high prevalence of overweight or obesity and abdominal obesity in Chinese hypertensive adults, particularly in inland areas. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism.


He M.,First Peoples Hospital of Lianyungang City | Qin X.,Anhui Medical University | Cui Y.,Peking University | Cai Y.,Guangdong Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital | And 7 more authors.
American Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2012

We aimed to examine the prevalence of lower-extremity peripheral artery disease (LE-PAD) and its associated factors in 3,128 Chinese hypertensive adults 45 to 75 years old without known cardiovascular disease, PAD, chronic kidney disease, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. A cross-sectional investigation was carried out in a rural area of Lianyungang, China. An ankle-brachial index ≤0.90 in either leg was used to define LE-PAD. Prevalence of LE-PAD was 9.0% (10.0% in women and 7.4% in men). In the multivariable logistic regression model, odds ratios (95% confidence interval) of having LE-PAD, were 1.82 (1.27 to 2.61) for participants 65 to 75 versus 45 to 55 years old, 1.48 (1.00 to 1.20) for participants with a waist circumference <90 versus <90 cm, 1.47 (1.05 to 2.04) and 1.62 (1.15 to 2.27) for participants with grade 2 and 3 hypertension versus controlled blood pressure or grade 1 hypertension, 1.35 (1.00 to 1.83) and 1.61 (1.16 to 2.23) for participants with heart rate at rest 70 to 80 and <80 versus <70 beats/min, and 1.41 (1.00 to 1.97) for participants with poor versus good sleeping quality. For other risk factors, gender-related differences were observed. Adjusted odds ratios of having LE-PAD for men and women were 1.07 (0.66 to 1.74) and 0.65 (0.47 to 0.90) for inland versus coastal residents and 1.03 (0.57 to 1.86) and 1.62 (1.09 to 2.41) for participants with body mass index <25 versus <25 kg/m2. In conclusion, there was a high prevalence of LE-PAD in Chinese hypertensive adults without known cardiovascular disease, PAD, chronic kidney disease, diabetes, and dyslipidemia, particularly in women in coastal areas and in participants with higher heart rate and poor sleeping quality. Therefore, ankle-brachial index determinations should be encouraged in clinical practice in Chinese hypertensive adults. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Wang Y.,PLA General Hospital | Li X.,PLA General Hospital | Qin X.,Anhui Medical University | Cai Y.,Guangdong Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital | And 11 more authors.
British Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2013

We aimed to investigate the prevalence of hyperhomocysteinaemia (total plasma homocysteine (tHcy) ≥ 10 μmol/l) and its major determinants in rural Chinese hypertensive patients. A cross-sectional investigation was carried out in Lianyungang of Jiangsu province, China. This analysis included 13 946 hypertensive adults. The prevalence of hyperhomocysteinaemia was 51·6 % (42·7 % in women and 65·6 % in men). The OR of hyperhomocysteinaemia were 1·52 (95 % CI 1·39, 1·67) and 2·32 (95 % CI 2·07, 2·61) for participants aged 55-65 and 65-75 v. 45-55 years; 1·27 (95 % CI 1·18, 1·37) for participants with a BMI ≥ 25 v. < 25 kg/m2; 1·14 (95 % CI 1·06, 1·23) for participants with v. without antihypertensive treatment; 1·09 (95 % CI 1·00, 1·18) for residents inland v. coastal; 0·89 (95 % CI 0·82, 0·97) and 0·83 (95 % CI 0·74, 0·92) for participants with moderate and high v. low physical activity levels; 1·54 (95 % CI 1·41, 1·68) and 2·47 (95 % CI 2·17, 2·81) for participants with a glomerular filtration rate 60-90 and < 60 v. ≥ 90 ml/min per 1·73 m2; and 1·20 (95 % CI 1·07, 1·35) and 3·81 (95 % CI 3·33, 4·36) for participants with CT and TT v. CC genotype at methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase 677C>T polymorphism, respectively. Furthermore, higher tHcy concentrations were observed in smokers of both sexes (men: geometric mean 12·1 (interquartile range (IQR) 9·2-14·5) v. 11·9 (IQR 9·3-14·0) μmol/l, P= 0·005; women: geometric mean 10·3 (IQR 8·3-13·0) v. 9·6 (IQR 7·8-11·6) μmol/l, P= 0·010), and only in males with hypertension grade 3 (v. grade 1 or controlled blood pressure) (geometric mean 12·1 (IQR 9·2-14·4) v. 11·7 (IQR 9·2-14·0), P= 0·016) and in male non-drinkers (yes v. no) (geometric mean 12·3 (IQR 9·4-14·8) v. 11·7 (IQR 9·1-13·9), P= 0·014). In conclusion, there was a high prevalence of hyperhomocysteinaemia in Chinese hypertensive adults, particularly in the inlanders, who may benefit greatly from tHcy-lowering strategies, such as folic acid supplementation and lifestyle change. Copyright © The Authors 2012.


Jiang M.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Jiang M.,Shanghai University | Zha Q.,Nanchang University | Lu C.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | And 4 more authors.
Complementary Therapies in Medicine | Year: 2011

Explore the associations between the tongue appearances in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and effective response (ACR20 response based on American College of Rheumatology) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with Chinese medicine (CM) and western biomedical combination therapy (WM). Methods: This study used the data from a previous multi-center randomized-controlled clinical trial. Data pertaining to tongue coating and tongue body color were collected. In order to simplify the tongue diagnosis for easily understood by biomedical professionals, only two typical tongue coating (white and yellow) and four typical tongue body colors (purple, pink, pale and red) were identified for this analysis. 170 cases with clear tongue coating and 198 cases with clear tongue body color in TCM treatment (Glucosidorum Tripterygll Totorum tablets and Yishen Juanbi tablets) group, 181 cases with identified tongue coating and 189 cases with identified tongue body color in WM treatment (diclofenec, methotrexate and sulfasalazine) group were included for the analysis. The ACR20 response at 12 weeks and 24 weeks were used as an outcome measure of efficacy. The effective rates in patients with different tongue appearances were analyzed with Chi-square method and the association between the changes of tongue coating/body color and the ACR20 response was analyzed with a repeated measures logistic regression analysis. Results: At 12 weeks, the ACR20 responses in the patients treated with CM and WM therapy were 33.6% and 53.0%, respectively, and at 24 weeks, they were 57.9% and 84.3%, respectively. RA patients with white tongue coating showed higher effective rate than those patients with yellow tongue coating in the treatment with WM intervention (p<0.05), and there was no difference in the patients with CM intervention. Further association analysis showed that TCM would be less effective for the patients with pale tongue body (p=0.0323), and WM would be less effective for the patients with purple or red tongue body (p=0.0291 and 0.0027, respectively). Conclusion: TCM was less effective for the patients with pale tongue body, and WM was be less effective for the patients with purple or red tongue body, or white tongue coating. The results suggest that tongue coating and body color might be used to help identify a subset of RA patients both for CM and WM interventions. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.


Chen Y.,Southern Medical University | Chen Y.,Guangdong Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital | Liao N.,Southern Medical University | Liao N.,Guangzhou Medical College | And 3 more authors.
Gene | Year: 2015

This study aims to determine the relationship between Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines (DARC) and keloid pathogenesis. DARC expression was determined by immunohistochemistry, real-time PCR, and Western blot analysis. Cell proliferation was assessed by CCK-8 assay. Cell migration and invasion abilities were measured by the shift assay. Levels of CC chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2), CXC chemokine ligand 8 (CXCL8), and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) were detected by real-time PCR and ELISA. Our results showed that DARC levels were elevated in human keloid fibroblasts. After knocking down DARC, cell proliferation was not altered, whereas the migration and invasion abilities of keloid fibroblasts were significantly elevated. Additionally, the mRNA expression levels of CCL2, CXCL8, and MMP2 were not influenced by DARC knockdown. However, the secretion of CCL2, but not CXCL8 or MMP2, was significantly increased after DARC knockdown. Our results suggest that DARC might inhibit the secretion of CCL2. Moreover, DARC knockdown increases the migration and invasion abilities of keloid fibroblasts. © 2015 Elsevier B.V..


PubMed | Guangzhou Medical College, Southern Medical University and Guangdong Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Gene | Year: 2015

This study aims to determine the relationship between Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines (DARC) and keloid pathogenesis. DARC expression was determined by immunohistochemistry, real-time PCR, and Western blot analysis. Cell proliferation was assessed by CCK-8 assay. Cell migration and invasion abilities were measured by the shift assay. Levels of CC chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2), CXC chemokine ligand 8 (CXCL8), and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) were detected by real-time PCR and ELISA. Our results showed that DARC levels were elevated in human keloid fibroblasts. After knocking down DARC, cell proliferation was not altered, whereas the migration and invasion abilities of keloid fibroblasts were significantly elevated. Additionally, the mRNA expression levels of CCL2, CXCL8, and MMP2 were not influenced by DARC knockdown. However, the secretion of CCL2, but not CXCL8 or MMP2, was significantly increased after DARC knockdown. Our results suggest that DARC might inhibit the secretion of CCL2. Moreover, DARC knockdown increases the migration and invasion abilities of keloid fibroblasts.

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