Guangdong Research Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Guangzhou, China

Guangdong Research Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Guangzhou, China
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Zhang X.-T.,Guangdong Research Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Zhang X.-T.,University of Macau | Ma S.-W.,Qiqihar University | Jiao H.-Y.,Guangdong Research Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Zhang Q.-W.,University of Macau
Journal of Asian Natural Products Research | Year: 2012

Two new cycloartane glycosides were isolated from the aerial parts of Thalictrum fortunei (Ranunculaceae). The chemical structures of these compounds were elucidated as 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl (1 → 4)-β-D- fucopyranosyl-(22S,24Z)-cycloart-24-en-3β,22,26,30-tetraol 26-O-β-D-glucopyranoside and 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl (1 → 4)-b-D-fucopyranosyl-(22S,24Z)-cycloart-24-en-3β,22,26,29-tetraol 26-O-β-Dglucopyranoside by extensive 1D and 2D NMR methods, HR-ESI-MS, and hydrolysis. Their cytotoxic activities toward human hepatoma Bel-7402 cells, human colon carcinoma LoVo cells, and human non-small-cell lung cancer NCIH-460 cells were evaluated by MTT assay, respectively. © 2012 Taylor & Francis.


Chen Y.-G.,University of Macau | Li P.,University of Macau | Yan R.,University of Macau | Zhang X.-Q.,Jinan University | And 4 more authors.
Molecules | Year: 2013

Microctis Folium, the leaves of Microcos paniculata L., is a commonly used herbal tea material. The methanol extract of Microctis Folium and its principle compounds vitexin (1), isovitexin (2) and isorhamnetin 3-O-β-D-rutinoside (3) were investigated for their α-glucosidase inhibitory effects. The extract showed strong α-glucosidase inhibitory effect (IC50 = 61.30 μg/mL) and the three flavonoid glycosides 1-3 exerted satisfactory α-glucosidase inhibitory effects, with IC50 values of 244.0 μM, 266.2 μM and 275.4 μM, respectively. A simple and reliable HPLC-DAD method was developed for the quantification of the three flavonoid glycosides in Microctis Folium and applied successfully to determine contents of these components in samples collected from different locations. This study suggested that Microctis Folium may be a promising candidate for development of herbal antidiabetes drugs, and vitexin, isovitexin and isorhamnetin 3-O-β-D-rutinoside can be the biomarkers and chemical markers for this plant substance. © 2013 by the authors.


Zhang X.,Guangdong Research Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Zhao M.,Qiqihar University | Chen L.,South-Central University for Nationalities | Jiao H.,Guangdong Research Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine | And 3 more authors.
Molecules | Year: 2011

Thalictrum fortunei S. Moore, a perennial plant distributed in the southeastern part of China, has been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for thousands of years for its antitumor, antibacterial and immunoregulatory effects. In order to investigate the active components and the mechanism of the anti-tumor effects of Thalictrum fortunei, the growth inhibitory effects of eight triterpenoids isolated from the aerial parts of the plant on tumor cell lines were examined by 3-(4,5)-dimethylthiazoy1-3,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The MTT-assay results showed that the inhibitory activity of 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)-β-D-fucopyranosyl(22S,24Z) -cycloart-24-en-3β,22,26-triol 26-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (1) was stronger than that of the other seven tested triterpenoids on human hepatoma Bel-7402 cell line (Bel-7402), human colon lovo cells (LoVo), human non-small cells lung cancer NCIH-460 cells (NCIH-460) and human gastric carcinoma SGC-7901 cells (SGC-7901) after 48 h treatment in vitro, with the IC 50 values of 66.4, 84.8, 73.5, 89.6 μM, respectively. Moreover, the antitumor mechanism of compound 1 on Bel-7402 cell was explored through nucleus dyeing, fluorescence assay, flow cytometry and western blot. The flow cytometric analysis results revealed that compound 1 caused apoptosis and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) loss in Bel-7402 cells. A fluorescence assay indicated that intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) were markedly provoked by compound 1 treatment compared to control cells. Immunoblot results showed that compound 1 significantly increased the expression levels of cleaved caspase-3, P53 and Bax protein, and decreased the expression level of Bcl-2 protein. These findings indicate that compound 1 inhibits the growth activity of tumor cells, probably through the P53 protein-induced apoptosis pathway. © 2011 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


Huang S.S.,Guangdong Research Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Kirchoff B.K.,University of North Carolina at Greensboro | Liao J.P.,CAS South China Botanical Garden
Protoplasma | Year: 2013

The effects of heat shock (HS) on the ultrastructure and calcium distribution of Lavandula pinnata secretory trichomes are examined using transmission electron microscopy and potassium antimonate precipitation. After 48-h HS at 40°C, plastids become distorted and lack stroma and osmiophilic deposits, the cristae of the mitochondria become indistinct, the endoplasmic reticulum acquires a chain-like appearance with ribosomes prominently attached to the lamellae, and the plasma and organelle membranes become distorted. Heat shock is associated with a decrease in calcium precipitates in the trichomes, while the number of precipitates increases in the mesophyll cells. Prolonged exposure to elevated calcium levels may be toxic to the mesophyll cells, while the lack of calcium in the glands cell may deprive them of the normal protective advantages of elevated calcium levels. The inequality in calcium distribution may result not only from uptake from the transpiration stream, but also from redistribution of calcium from the trichomes to the mesophyll cells. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.


Ma S.,Qiqihar University | Liu X.,China Pharmaceutical University | Xu Q.,Heilongjiang Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Zhang X.,Guangdong Research Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Life Sciences | Year: 2014

In this report, the transport of ginkgolides with different lipophilicities was investigated using an hCMEC/D3 cell monolayer as a blood-brain barrier (BBB) cell model in vitro in an attempt to explain ginkgolide transport path mediated by lipophilicity.Main methods: The log P values of ginkgolides were determined by measuring the distribution of the molecule between oil and water. Additionally, the cytotoxicity of ginkgolides on hCMEC/D3 cells was assayed with the MTT method. Ginkgolide contents were determined with an ultra performance liquid chromatograph equipped with an evaporative light scattering detector (ULPC-ELSD) method. Apparent permeability coefficients (Papp) and efflux ratios (PappBL → AP/PappAP → BL) were then calculated to describe the transport characteristics of ginkgolide.Key findings: The transport of ginkgolide A, ginkgolide B, ginkgolide C, and ginkgolide J across the hCMEC/D3 cell monolayer was non-directional. Additionally, ginkgolide C transport on the cell monolayer was time- and concentration-dependent in the paracellular pathway controlled by cytochalasin D (a tight junction modulator). The transport of ginkgolide N, ginkgolide L, and ginkgolide K across the cell monolayer displayed clear directionality at low ginkgolide concentrations. This behavior indicated that the transport of ginkgolide N, ginkgolide L, and ginkgolide K was influenced by the transcellular pathway containing an efflux protein accompanied by the paracellular pathway for passive diffusion. Additionally, the transport of ginkgolide K was increased significantly by co-culturing with a P-gp inhibitor.Significance: These findings provide important information for elucidating ginkgolide transport pathways and may be beneficial for the design of ginkgolide molecules with high neuroprotective effects. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Mo X.L.,Guangdong Research Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Zhong yao cai = Zhongyaocai = Journal of Chinese medicinal materials | Year: 2012

To identify the different plant resources of Herba Rabdosiae Serrae by using Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA ( RAPD ) Analysis. The mini spin columns were used to extract the genomic DNA from five different plants of Herba Rabdosiae Serrae. With the DNA extracted from these plants as template,the 85 oligo nucleic acids (10 bp)as random primers,the polymer chain reaction (PCR) was done and the results were analysed by electro-pharoses. 12 primers were selected with polymorphism and 7 of them showed good polymorphism in RAPD map. RAPD method can be used to identify the plant resources of Herba Rabdosiae Serrae.


Zhang X.T.,Guangdong Research Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Zhong yao cai = Zhongyaocai = Journal of Chinese medicinal materials | Year: 2012

To study the pharmacokinetics of ginkgolide B injection in Beagle dogs. Determined the serum concentration of ginkgolide B by LC-MS and calculated its parameter of pharmacokinetics via DAS 2.0 software. After intravenous drips of 0.62, 2.07 and 10.35 mg/kg ginkgolide B, parameters of pharmacokinetics of ginkgolide B were as follows: Tmax were 0.444, 1, 1 h; Cmax were 0.764, 3.024, 11.013 mg/L; AUC(0-1) were 1.007, 3.644, 16.646 mg x h/Lo. Ginkgolide B has two compartment model in Beagle dogs.


Zhang X.T.,Guangdong Research Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Zhong yao cai = Zhongyaocai = Journal of Chinese medicinal materials | Year: 2012

To study the pharmacokinetics of ginkgolide B for injection in rats. The serum concentration of ginkgolide B was determined by LC-MS and calculate its parameter of pharmacokinetics via DAS2.0 software. After intravenous of 0.75, 3.75 and 14.0 mg/kg ginkgolide B, parameters of pharmacokinetics of ginkgolide B were: Tmax were all (0.083 +/- 0) h, Cmax were (422.312 +/- 14.203), (1608.467 +/- 226.677), (1987.036 +/- 237.202) microg/L, AUC0-1 were (533.833 +/- 114.943), (1786.029 +/- 137.066), (1943.44 +/- 415.892) microg x h/L. Ginkgolide B has three compartment model in rats.


PubMed | Qiqihar University, Guangdong Research Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Heilongjiang Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine and China Pharmaceutical University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Life sciences | Year: 2014

In this report, the transport of ginkgolides with different lipophilicities was investigated using an hCMEC/D3 cell monolayer as a blood-brain barrier (BBB) cell model in vitro in an attempt to explain ginkgolide transport path mediated by lipophilicity.The log P values of ginkgolides were determined by measuring the distribution of the molecule between oil and water. Additionally, the cytotoxicity of ginkgolides on hCMEC/D3 cells was assayed with the MTT method. Ginkgolide contents were determined with an ultra performance liquid chromatograph equipped with an evaporative light scattering detector (ULPC-ELSD) method. Apparent permeability coefficients (Papp) and efflux ratios (PappBLAP/PappAPBL) were then calculated to describe the transport characteristics of ginkgolide.The transport of ginkgolide A, ginkgolide B, ginkgolide C, and ginkgolide J across the hCMEC/D3 cell monolayer was non-directional. Additionally, ginkgolide C transport on the cell monolayer was time- and concentration-dependent in the paracellular pathway controlled by cytochalasin D (a tight junction modulator). The transport of ginkgolide N, ginkgolide L, and ginkgolide K across the cell monolayer displayed clear directionality at low ginkgolide concentrations. This behavior indicated that the transport of ginkgolide N, ginkgolide L, and ginkgolide K was influenced by the transcellular pathway containing an efflux protein accompanied by the paracellular pathway for passive diffusion. Additionally, the transport of ginkgolide K was increased significantly by co-culturing with a P-gp inhibitor.These findings provide important information for elucidating ginkgolide transport pathways and may be beneficial for the design of ginkgolide molecules with high neuroprotective effects.


PubMed | Guangdong Research Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Protoplasma | Year: 2013

The effects of heat shock (HS) on the ultrastructure and calcium distribution of Lavandula pinnata secretory trichomes are examined using transmission electron microscopy and potassium antimonate precipitation. After 48-h HS at 40C, plastids become distorted and lack stroma and osmiophilic deposits, the cristae of the mitochondria become indistinct, the endoplasmic reticulum acquires a chain-like appearance with ribosomes prominently attached to the lamellae, and the plasma and organelle membranes become distorted. Heat shock is associated with a decrease in calcium precipitates in the trichomes, while the number of precipitates increases in the mesophyll cells. Prolonged exposure to elevated calcium levels may be toxic to the mesophyll cells, while the lack of calcium in the glands cell may deprive them of the normal protective advantages of elevated calcium levels. The inequality in calcium distribution may result not only from uptake from the transpiration stream, but also from redistribution of calcium from the trichomes to the mesophyll cells.

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