Guangdong Provincial Research Center for Environment Pollution Control and Remediation Materials

Guangzhou, China

Guangdong Provincial Research Center for Environment Pollution Control and Remediation Materials

Guangzhou, China
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Xu Z.-M.,Jinan University | Li Q.-S.,Jinan University | Li Q.-S.,Guangdong Provincial Research Center for Environment Pollution Control and Remediation Materials | Yang P.,Jinan University | And 12 more authors.
Environmental Pollution | Year: 2017

This study aimed to investigate the difference of osmoregulation between two edible amaranth cultivars, Liuye (high Cd accumulator) and Quanhong (low Cd accumulator), under salinity stress and determine the effects of such difference on Cd accumulation. A pot experiment was conducted to expose the plants to sewage-irrigated garden soil (mean 2.28 mg kg−1 Cd) pretreated at three salinity levels. Under salinity stress, the concentrations of Cd in the two cultivars were significantly elevated compared with those in the controls, and the Cd concentration in Liuye was statistically higher than that in Quanhong (p < 0.05). Salinity-induced osmoregulation triggered different biogeochemical processes involved in Cd mobilization in the rhizosphere soil, Cd absorption, and translocation by the two cultivars. Rhizosphere acidification induced by an imbalance of cation over anion uptake was more serious in Liuye than in Quanhong, which obviously increased soil Cd bioavailability. Salinity-induced injuries in the cell wall pectin and membrane structure were worse in Liuye than in Quanhong, increasing the risk of Cd entering the protoplasts. The chelation of more cytoplasmic Cd2+ with Cl− ions in the roots of Liuye promoted Cd translocation into the shoots. Furthermore, the less organic solutes in the root sap of Liuye than in that of Quanhong also favored Cd translocation into the shoots. Hence, osmoregulation processes can be regarded as important factors in reducing Cd accumulation in crop cultivars grown on saline soils. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd


Yang M.,Jinan University | Yang M.,Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Health of Guangdong Province | Yang M.,Guangdong Provincial Research Center for Environment Pollution Control and Remediation Materials | Yang M.,Key Laboratory of Environmental Exposure and Health of Guangzhou | And 16 more authors.
Huanjing Kexue/Environmental Science | Year: 2017

Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is widely used in industrial production because of its strong chemical stabilities and good hydrophobic and oleophobic properties. It was considered to be a widespread persistent organic pollutant in environment in recent years. The oxidative stress and membrane damage of Escherichia coli exposed to PFOA were measured by flow cytometry (FCM) and the toxic mechanism of PFOA was also preliminarily explored. The results showed that, under the stress of PFOA, the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) content of E. coli increased, the unsaturation degree of fatty acid decreased, the malondialdehyde (MDA) content increased, the membrane permeability increased, the membrane potential decreased, and the activities of Na+K+-ATPase and Ca2+Mg2+-ATPase showed a compensatory increase first and then decreased. Therefore, owing to the stress of PFOA, the higher intracellular ROS in E. coli reacted with membrane unsaturated fatty acids by peroxidation, and then reduced cell membrane fatty acid saturation, accumulated MDA in cells, and further caused damage to cell membrane, reduced the ATPase activity, and eventually resulted in inactivation or apoptosis of E. coli. This study provided more evidence for the further study on environmental ecological toxicology of PFOA. © 2017, Science Press. All right reserved.


Guo S.-H.,Jinan University | Liu Z.-L.,Jinan University | Liu Z.-L.,Guangdong Provincial Research Center for Environment Pollution Control and Remediation Materials | Li Q.-S.,Jinan University | And 12 more authors.
Chemosphere | Year: 2016

Leaching experiments were conducted in a greenhouse to simulate seawater leaching combined with alternating seawater inundation and air drying. We investigated the heavy metal release of soils caused by changes associated with seawater inundation/air drying cycles in the reclaimed soils. After the treatment, the contents of all heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Cr, and Cu), except Zn, in surface soil significantly decreased (P < 0.05), with removal rates ranging from 10% to 51%. The amounts of the exchangeable, carbonate, reducible, and oxidizable fractions also significantly decreased (P < 0.05). Moreover, prolonged seawater inundation enhanced the release of heavy metals. Measurement of diffusive gradients in thin films indicated that seawater inundation significantly increased the re-mobility of heavy metals. During seawater inundation, iron oxide reduction induced the release of heavy metals in the reducible fraction. Decomposition of organic matter, and complexation with dissolved organic carbon decreased the amount of heavy metals in the oxidizable fraction. Furthermore, complexation of chloride ions and competition of cations during seawater inundation and/or leaching decreased the levels of heavy metals in the exchangeable fraction. By contrast, air drying significantly enhanced the concentration of heavy metals in the exchangeable fraction. Therefore, the removal of heavy metals in the exchangeable fraction can be enhanced during subsequent leaching with seawater. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd


Yang P.,Jinan University | Yang P.,Guangdong Provincial Research Center for Environment Pollution Control and Remediation Materials | Li X.,Jinan University | Li X.,Guangdong Provincial Research Center for Environment Pollution Control and Remediation Materials | And 12 more authors.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2016

A soil column leaching experiment was conducted to eliminate heavy metals from reclaimed tidal flat soil. Flue gas desulfurization (FGD) gypsum was used for leaching. The highest removal rates of Cd and Pb in the upper soil layers (0–30 cm) were 52.7 and 30.5 %, respectively. Most of the exchangeable and carbonate-bound Cd and Pb were removed. The optimum FGD gypsum application rate was 7.05 kg·m−2, and the optimum leaching water amount for the application was 217.74 L·m−2. The application of FGD gypsum (two times) and the extension of the leaching interval time to 20 days increased the heavy metal removal rate in the upper soil layers. The heavy metals desorbed from the upper soil layers were re-adsorbed and fixed in the 30–70 cm soil layers. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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