Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Urology

Guangzhou, China

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Urology

Guangzhou, China
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Fan J.,Guangzhou University | Fan J.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Urology | Wan S.,Guangzhou University | Wan S.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Urology | And 16 more authors.
Urolithiasis | Year: 2017

To identify risk factors that can predict which patient is likely to progress from systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) to uroseptic shock after minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) for the upper urinary tract stones. We retrospectively reviewed 156 patients who suffered infectious complications after MPCNL from March 2014 to February 2016. Perioperative risk factors that could potentially contribute to uroseptic shock were compared to those of patients with only SIRS. 135 of the 156 patients developed to SIRS only, the remaining 21 patients progressed to uroseptic shock. The rate of positive preoperative urine nitrite was significantly higher (p < 0.001), stone diameter was larger (p = 0.015) and operative time was longer (p < 0.001) in uroseptic shock group. Multivariable logistic analysis showed that preoperative urine nitrite (OR 10.570, p = 0.025), stone size (OR 11.512, p = 0.009) and postoperative blood leukopenia (OR 0.009, p < 0.001) were independently related to uroseptic shock. Moreover, ROC curve analysis showed that white blood count threshold within the first 3 h of uroseptic shock was 2.98 × 109/L. The sensitivity and specificity of leukocyte count in predicting uroseptic shock were 90.5 and 92.6%, respectively. Preoperative urine nitrite, stone size and postoperative leukocyte count are statistically linked to uroseptic shock after MPCNL. Leukopenia of less than 2.98 × 109/L within 3 h after MPCNL can be a predictor for uroseptic shock. For patients who have high risk factors for developing uroseptic shock, the white blood count should be measured within 3 h after MPCNL. © 2017 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg


Zeng G.,Guangzhou University | Zeng G.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Urology | Zhao Z.,Guangzhou University | Zhao Z.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Urology | And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Objective:As almost any version of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) was safely and efficiently applied for adults as well as children without age being a limiting risk factor, the aim of the study was to compare the different characteristics as well as the efficacy, outcome, and safety of the pediatric and adult patients who had undergone mini-PCNL (MPCNL) in a single institution.Methods:We retrospective reviewed 331 renal units in children and 8537 renal units in adults that had undergone MPCNL for upper urinary tract stones between the years of 2000-2012. The safety, efficacy, and outcome were analyzed and compared.Results:The children had a smaller stone size (2.3 vs. 3.1 cm) but had smilar stone distribution (number and locations). The children required fewer percutaneous accesses, smaller nephrostomy tract, shorter operative time and less hemoglobin drop. The children also had higher initial stone free rate (SFR) (80.4% vs. 78.6%) after single session of MPCNL (p<0.05); but no difference was noted in the final SFR (94.7% vs. 93.5%) after auxiliary procedures. The complication rate (15.6% vs. 16.3%) and blood transfusion rate (3.1% vs. 2.9%) were similar in both group (p>0.05). Both groups had low rate of high grade Clavien complications. There was no grade III, IV, V complications and no angiographic embolization required in pediatric group. One important caveat, children who required multiple percutaneous nephrostomy tracts had significant higher transfusion rate than in adults (18.8% vs. 4.5%, p = 0.007).Conclusions:This contemporary largest-scale analysis confirms that the stone-free rate in pediatric patients is at least as good as in adults without an increase of complication rates. However, multiple percutaneous nephrostomy tracts should be practiced with caution in children. © 2013 Zeng et al.

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