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Li J.,Southern Medical University | Guo W.,Southern Medical University | Li F.,Southern Medical University | He J.,Southern Medical University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics

Sertoli cell only syndrome (SCOS) is one of the main causes leading to the abnormal spermatogenesis. However, the mechanisms for abnormal spermatogenesis in SCOS are still unclear. Here, we analyzed the clinical testis samples of SCOS patients by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and matrix-assisted laser desorption time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/TOF MS) to find the key factors contributing to SCOS. Thirteen differential proteins were identified in clinical testis samples between normal spermatogenesis group and SCOS group. Interestingly, in these differential proteins, Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein L(HnRNPL) was suggested as a key regulator involved in apoptosis, death and growth of spermatogenic cells by String and Pubgene bioinformatic programs. Down-regulated HnRNPL in testis samples of SCOS patients was further confirmed by immunohistochemical staining and western blotting. Moreover, in vitro and in vivo experiments demonstrated that knockdown of HnRNPL led to inhibited proliferation, increased apoptosis of spermatogenic cell but decreased apoptosis of sertoli cells. Expression of carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 in GC-1 cells or expression of inducible nitric oxide synthases in TM4 sertoli cells, was found to be regulated by HnRNPL. Our study first shows HnRNPL as a key factor involved in the spermatogenesis by functional proteomic studies of azoospermia patients with sertoli cell only syndrome. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Proteomics: The clinical link. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.. Source

Yu L.-N.,Southern Medical University | Yu L.-N.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Molecular Tumor Pathology | Zhang Q.-L.,Southern Medical University | Zhang Q.-L.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Molecular Tumor Pathology | And 12 more authors.

Background:T lymphoma invasion and metastasis 1 (Tiam1) is a potential modifier of tumor development and progression. Our previous study in vitro and in nude mice suggested a promotion role of Tiam1 on invasion and metastasis of colorectal cancer (CRC). In the present study, we generated Tiam1/C1199-CopGFP transgenic mice to investigate the tumorigenetic, invasive and metastatic alterations in the colon and rectum of wild-type and Tiam1 transgenic mice under 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) treatment.Methods:Transgenic mice were produced by the method of pronuclear microinlectlon. Whole-body fluorescence imaging (Lighttools, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada), PCR, and immunohistochemical techniques (IHC) were applied sequentially to identify the transgenic mice. The carcinogen DMH (20 mg/kg) was used to induce colorectal tumors though intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections once a week for 24 weeks from the age of 4 weeks on Tiam1 transgenic or non-transgenic mice.Results:We successfully generated Tiam1/C1199-CopGFP transgenic mice and induced primary tumors in the intestine of both wild type and Tiam1 transgenic mice by DMH treatment. In addition, Tiam1 transgenic mice developed larger and more aggressive neoplasm than wild-type mice. Moreover, immunohistochemical staining revealed that upregulation of Tiam1 was correlated with increased expression of β-Catenin and Vimentin, and downregulation of E-Cadherin in these mice.Conclusions:Our study has provided in vivo evidence supporting that Tiam1 promotes invasion and metastasis of CRC, most probably through activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, in a Tiam1 transgenic mouse model. © 2013 Yu et al. Source

Liao W.-T.,Southern Medical University | Liao W.-T.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Molecular Tumor Pathology | Jiang D.,Southern Medical University | Jiang D.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Molecular Tumor Pathology | And 13 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research

Purpose: This study was to investigate the clinicopathologic significance and potential role of HOXB7 in the development and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). Experimental Design: The relationship between HOXB7 expression and clinical characteristics of CRC was analyzed in 224 paraffin-embedded archived CRC specimens by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The effects of HOXB7 on cell growth and proliferation, as well as on tumorigenesis, were examined both in vitro and in vivo, using MTT assay, colony formation assay, cell cycle analysis, soft agar assay, and tumorigenesis in nude mice. Western blotting and real-time reverse transcriptase-PCR were performed to examine the impact of HOXB7 on the PI3K/Akt and MAPK signaling pathways. Results: HOXB7 protein level was significantly correlated with advanced Dukes stage (P < 0.001), T stage (P = 0.012), distant metastasis (P = 0.042), higher proliferation index (P = 0.007) and poor survival of patients (P = 0.005). Enforced expression of HOXB7 in CRC cell lines significantly enhanced cell growth, proliferation and tumorigenesis. Conversely, knockdown of HOXB7 caused an inhibition of cell growth, proliferation, and tumorigenesis. We also showed that HOXB7 accelerated G 0-G 1 to S-phase transition concomitantly with upregulation of cyclin D1 and downregulation of p27Kip1. On the contrary, knockdown of HOXB7 caused G 1-S-phase arrest, downregulation of cyclin D1 and upregulation of p27Kip1. Enforced expression of HOXB7 could enhance PI3K/AKT and MAPK pathway activity. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that HOXB7 protein, as a valuable marker of CRC prognosis, plays an important role in the development and progression of human CRC. ©2011 AACR. Source

Hu C.-T.,Southern Medical University | Hu C.-T.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Molecular Tumor Pathology | Guo L.-L.,Southern Medical University | Guo L.-L.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Molecular Tumor Pathology | And 15 more authors.

Growth and invasion of metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) cells in the liver depend on microenvironment. Here, we showed that human hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells (HHSECs) induce chemotaxis and outgrowth of CRC cells. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), released by HHSECs, stimulated chemotaxis of CRC cells. MIF secreted by HHSECs, but not by CRC cells themselves, promoted migration and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and facilitated proliferation and apoptotic resistance of CRC cells. In orthotopic implantation models in nude mice, exogenous MIF stimulated growth of CRC cells and metastasis. Furthermore, MIF accelerated mobility of CRC cells by suppressing F-actin depolymerization and phosphorylating cofilin. Noteworthy, MIF levels were correlated with the size of hepatic metastases. We suggest that HHSECs and paracrine MIF promote initial migration and proliferation of CRC cells in the hepatic sinusoids to generate liver metastases. Source

Ding Y.,Southern Medical University | Chen B.,General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command | Huang J.,Southern Medical University | Huang J.,Guangdong Medical College | And 11 more authors.
Oncology Reports

The aim of the present study was to analyze the roles of T lymphoma invasion and metastasis 1 (Tiam1) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) progression and its correlation with clinicopathological features, including the survival of patients with NPC. Tiam1 protein expression in NPC tissues was examined using immunohistochemistry. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunofluorescence staining were performed to detect the expression of Tiam1 in 6 NPC cell lines. Stable Tiam1-overexpressing NPC cells using a transfection technique and Tiam1-silencing NPC cells using short hairpin RNA were constructed. Subsequently, MTT assay, plate and soft agar colony formation assays, cell adhesion, migration, invasion assays and experimental animal models were carried out to detect the biological functions of Tiam1 in vitro and in vivo. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that Tiam1 had high expression in 96 of 140 (68.6%) paraffin-embedded archival NPC biopsies. Tiam1 overexpression was significantly associated with N classification (P=0.004), distant metastasis (P=0.042) and clinical stage (P=0.042). Patients with higher levels of Tiam1 expression had poorer overall survival (P=0.002). Multivariate analysis revealed that Tiam1 expression is an independent prognostic indicator for the overall survival of NPC patients. Using the approaches of exogenous overexpression and the knockdown of Tiam1 expression, respectively, it was confirmed that Tiam1 promoted cell proliferation, adhesion, invasion and migration in vitro and in vivo. These data support the notion that Tiam1 plays an important role in the progression of NPC, and the overexpression of Tiam1 is associated with malignant phenotypes of NPC. Source

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